Charles C. Adams
Papers, 1915-1968 (bulk 1915-1941)
SC22108

Quantity: 13 Boxes (4.0 cubic ft.)
Access: Open for research
Acquisition: Purchased as part of the Lyle Squair, Teddy Roosevelt Collection, 1998
Processed by: Lorie M. Weiss, Student Intern, SUNY Albany, Fall 1999

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Biographical Note:

A drawing of a mountain scene surrounded by wild life images, from the cover of a publication by the Roosevelt Station.
Part of the cover of a publication of the Roosevelt Wild Life Forest Experimental Station. See more imamges from the Adams Collection.

Charles Christopher Adams was born in Clinton, Illinois on July 23, 1873 to William Henry Harrison Adams and Hannah Westfall (Conklin) Adams. Dr. Adams received his bachelor of science degree from Illinois Wesleyan University in 1895. He completed work for his master’s degree at Harvard University in 1899, his Ph.D. at the University of Chicago in 1908 and his Sc.D. at Illinois Wesleyan in 1920.

Dr. Adams married Alice Luthera Norton in October 1908 and together they had one daughter, Harriet Dyer Adams. His wife died September 1, 1931.

Throughout his lifetime, Dr. Adams won acclaim for his work in general animal ecology and the ecology of prairies, forests and lakes. He began his professional career as an assistant entomologist at Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History (1896-1898). In 1903, he was appointed curator of the University of Michigan Museum. He served there until 1906, when he became the director of the Cincinnati Society of Natural History. In 1908 he was appointed an associate professor at the University of Illinois. He became an assistant professor of forest zoology at the New York State College of Forestry in 1914 and was subsequently appointed to a full professorship in 1916.

In 1919, Dr. Adams became the first director of the Roosevelt Wildlife Experimental Station in the Adirondacks. During his tenure, he was an instrumental force in the development of the Allegany State Park in Western New York. He left the Roosevelt Station in 1926 and assumed the directorship of the New York State Museum until his retirement in 1943. While serving as the director of the Museum, he began the development of its internationally acclaimed Shaker collection housed and worked to develop its art and history collections.

Dr. Adams was a charter member of the American Association of Museums and a founding member of the American Ecological Society. In addition, he was a member of the American Society of Naturalists, the Association of American Geographers, the History Science Society and Sigma Xi. He is the author of Guide to the Study of Animal Ecology (1913).

Charles Adams died on May 22, 1955 in Albany, New York and was buried in Burlington, Wisconsin. His two sisters, Katherine and Grace Adams, and his daughter, Harriet, survived him.

Scope and Contents:

The papers of Charles Christopher Adams contain correspondence, reports, and printed works detailing the development of the Roosevelt Wildlife Forest Experimental Station (Series 1: Boxes 1-9) and the Allegany State Park (Series 2: Boxes 10-13).

As a professor of forest zoology at the New York State College of Forestry, Dr. Adams’s interest in developing a forest preserve in the Adirondacks was realized with the help and support of a number of colleagues and, in particular, Theodore Roosevelt. The collection contains the chronological history of the Roosevelt Station, the original proposals for the station and related correspondence. In addition, while serving as director of the station, Dr. Adams was instrumental in initiating the Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin. This publication was widely sought after and read by conservationist enthusiasts, as indicated by the volume of letters from people requesting copies. The Roosevelt Station papers continue beyond Dr. Adams tenure and include correspondence with Dr. Charles Johnson, Adams’s successor, and Dr. Ralph King, a subsequent director.

In conjunction with his work at Roosevelt Station, Dr. Adams was also a driving force behind the development of the Allegany State Park and the Natural History School begun there. The collection contains the plans, reports, and correspondence pertaining to the park and the school as well as a number of photographs of the park, school, and students who attended.

Of particular note is a collection of 11 photographs of Theodore Roosevelt taken in June 1915 on a trip to Louisiana and Mississippi. They show a carefree Mr. Roosevelt at his ease on an Audubon Society-related expedition.

Box and Folder List

Box Folder Contents
   

Series 1: Roosevelt Wildlife Forest Experimental Station

    Plans and History
1 1 Correspondence regarding plans 1915-1921
1 2 Roosevelt visit at Oyster Bay, April 3, 1915
1 3 History of Roosevelt Wildlife Forest Experimental Station
1 4 Theodore Roosevelt at Syracuse, May 8, 1915
1 5 Report - Chronology of Roosevelt Plans
1 6 Report - "Suggestion for a Program for the Scientific Investigation of North America Big Game Fur-bearing Animals", undated
1 7 New York State printout of bill creating Roosevelt Wildlife Station
1 8 "The State Wildlife Memorial to Roosevelt"
1 9 Correspondence with Theodore Roosevelt regarding plans
1   Correspondence
1 10 1920
1 11 1923
1 12 1924-1925
1 13 1927
1 14 1928
1 15 1929
1 16 Adams, Harriet Dyer, 1967-1968
1 17 Albright, Horace M. - Yellowstone National Park, 1925-1931
1 18 Alexander, Dr. Charles P., 1931
1 19 American Humane Association, Albany, N.Y., 1927
1 20 American Library Association, 1928
1 21 American Nature Association, 1929-1932
1 22 Babcock, Perrin L.,1928
1 23 Lord Viscount James Bryce, 1921
1 24 Bequaert, Dr. Joseph, 1925
1 25 Blanchard, Frank N.
1 26 Bradt, G.H., 1927
1 27 Bromwell Wire Goods, Co., 1927
1 28 Brooklyn Botanical Gardens, 1920-1929
1 29 Brooklyn Museum, 1922
1 30 Brooklyn Public Library, 1923-1925
1 31 Buffalo Society of Natural History, 1920-1930
1 32 Bulletin of Bibliography, 1923
1 33 Bunn, Paul V., 1924
1 34 Burnham, John B., 1924-1925
1 35 Burt, Henry B., 1925
1 36 California Academy of Sciences, 1925-1927
1 37 Callan, Albert S., 1928-1929
1 38 Canada. Department of Agriculture, 1927-1928
1 39 Canada. Department of the Interior, 1925-1930
1 40 Canada. Department of the Interior, Natural Resource Intelligence Service - 1923-1928
1 41 Canadian Field Naturalist, 1930
1 42 Canadian National Parks, 1922-1923
1 43 Canadian Northwest Territories, 1922-1928
1 44 Chittick, George D., 1929
1 45 Christy, Bayard H., 1928-1931
2 1 James L. Clark Studios, 1928
2 2 Clark, Arthur L., 1925
2 3 Cloyes, H.D., 1920-1922
2 4 Cornwell, H.D., 1928
2 5 Corwin, C.D., 1927
2 6 Couch, V.M., 1932
2 7 Cranberry Lake Study
2 8 Deam, Charles C., 1923-1928
2 9 Drake, C.J., 1925-1927
2 10 Gardner, Mrs. Georgia B., 1924-1925
2 11 Geological Survey of Canada, 1927
2 12 Gewehr, Arthur P., 1928
2 13 Gifford, H., 1927
2 14 Gifts and Donations, 1923
2 15 Graham, S.A., 1928
2 16 Gregg, W.C., 1925
2 17 Lord Viscount Grey of Fallodon, England, 1921-1924
2 18 Grinnell, Hilda W., September 26, 1947
2 19 Gross, Alfred O., Bowdoin College, 1924
2 20 Gross, Alfred O., Bowdoin College, 1923-1926
2 21 Hankinson, Thomas L., 1927-1929
2 22 Hann, Harry H., 1929
2 23 Harding, C.L., 1928
2 24 Harrington, Miss Elizabeth, 1926
2 25 Hatt, Dr. Robert T., 1925-1926
2 26 Hatt, Dr. Robert T., 1927-1929
2 27 Hubbs, Carl L., 1924
2 28 Hunt, Paul C., 1929
2 29 Johnson, Dr. Charles G., 1926
2 30 Johnston, Sir Harry M., 1921-1926
2 31 Jones, A.H., 1925
2 32 Jones, Otto, 1922
3 1 Kny Sherer Corp.
3 2 LaGuardia, Fiorello, 1929
3 3 Larcher, H.H., 1927
3 4 Leavitt, Julian
3 5 Loomis, Dr. F.J., 1926-1927
3 6 Mannington, J.A., 1925
3 7 McClurg, A.C., 1925
3 8 "Memorandum on the Proposed Grouse Study" to Dean Moon, 1924
3 9 Merrill, Fred, 1928
3 10 Parker, Clarence L., 1924
3 11 Pfarr, Ernest G., 1920-1926
3 12 Prescott, J.O., 1922-1928
3 13 Queenville, Wilfred, 1928
3 14 Rakenold, Elwood, 1927
3 15 Ransom, B.H., 1925
3 16 Robinson, Mrs. Douglas (Corrine Roosevelt), September 1919-February 1923
3 17 Robinson, Mrs. Douglas, March 1923-March 1926
3 18 Robinson, Mrs. Douglas, April 1926-1932
3 19 Robinson, Isaac, 1929
3 20 Roosevelt, Franklin D., 1923
3 21 Roosevelt, Kermit, 1917-1930
3 22 Roosevelt, Mrs. Theodore (Edith Kermit), 1920
3 23 Roosevelt, Theodore, Jr., 1919-1926
3 24 Rust, Henry J., 1923-1928
3 25 Ruthuen, Dr. Alexander G., 1916-1928
3 26 Saunders, Aretas A., 1924-1928
3 27 Shelford, V.E., 1927-1929
3 28 Sherman, Miss Althea R., 1926-1928
3 29 Shively, Adeline P., 1928
3 30 Silloway, Perley M., 1922-1929
3 31 Skinner, M.P., 1925-1928
3 32 Smith, Herman M., 1927
3 33 Smith, H.W., 1927
3 34 Smith, Tina, 1923
3 35 Southard, Charles Z.
3 36 Spiker, Charles J., 1921-1927
4 1 State of New York. Board of Estimate and Control, 1926
4 2 Steeper, P.M., 1930
4 3 Stone, Witmer C., 1925
4 4 Stoner, Dayton, 1928-1931
4 5 Thomas, R.M., 1923-1925
4 6 Townsend, Myron T., 1927-1928
4 7 Townsend, Myron T., 1928-1931
4 8 Van Cleane, H.J., 1928-1931
4 9 Walcott, Frederic C., 1925
4 10 Warren, Edward R., 1922
4 11 Warren, Edward R., 1923-1931
4 12 Weil, Edmond, 1928
4 13 Weymouth, C.G., Grouse Study, 1925-1926
4 14 Whitney, Alvin G., 1915-1927
4 15 Whitney, Alvin G., 1926
4 16 Women’s Roosevelt Memorial Association, Inc., 1929
4 17 Zon, Raphael, 1915-1923
    Correspondence: Requests for published (Arranged alphabetically)
5 1 A
5 2 Ba-Bol
5 3 Bos-Bu
5 4 Cah-Can
5 5 Car-Cu
5 6 D
5 7 E
5 8 F
5 9 G
6 1 H
6 2 I
6 3 J
6 4 K
6 5 L
6 6 Ma-Mi
6 7 Mo-Mu
6 8 N
6 9 O
6 10 P
7 1 R
7 2 Sa-Si
7 3 Sl-Sy
7 4 T
7 5 U
7 6 V
7 7 W
7 8 Y
7 9 Z
    Printed Works
7 10 "Diseases of the Ruffled Grouse" by Alfred O. Gross (with drafts)
7 11 "Roosevelt Wildlife Station Memorial" with raised seals
7 12 News clippings: Kermit and Archibald Roosevelt
7 13 "Edmund Heller: 1875-1939" by Hilda W. Grinnell
7 14 News clippings: Sir Harry Johnson
7 15 News clippings: Lord Viscount Grey of Fallodon
7 16 "Canvasback Ducks in Northumberland" by Viscount Grey of Fallodon
7 17 News clippings: Mrs. Douglas (Corrine Roosevelt) Robinson
7 18 "The Legislature of the State of New York" 1923
8 1 News clipping: Lord Viscount James Bryce
8 2 Proceeds from sale of Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin, 1924-1925
8 3 News clipping: "Grouse Disease in Maine and Elsewhere in North America"
8 4 News clipping: "Roosevelt the Naturalist," February 1919
8 5 "Delights of the Wild Forest Trail," Chas. C. Adams
8 6 "The Summer Birds of the Adirondacks," Theodore Roosevelt and H.D. Minot
8 7 News clipping, 1919
8 8 "Mr. Roosevelt’s Book on African Game Animals," Chas. C. Adams
8 9 Certificates of copyright registration from the Library of Congress for Roosevelt Station publications
8 10 Sample of correspondence cards and labels for Roosevelt Wildlife Station
    Photographs
8 11 Viscount Grey of Fallodon
8 12 Corrine Roosevelt Robinson
8 13 Myron T. Townsend - 1925
8 14 Theodore Roosevelt – June 1915 trip to Louisiana and Mississippi; descriptions from backs of photographs (11 items)
  1. Roosevelt talking with federal and suburban bird warden Capt. Wm. M. Sprinkle, Battledore Island, Louisiana, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  2. Roosevelt waiting for birds to fly near, Battledore Island, Louisiana, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  3. Roosevelt, John M. Parker and others, embarking [onto a rowboat], Breton Island, Louisiana, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  4. Launching from Breton Island, Louisiana; Roosevelt seated, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  5. T. Roosevelt in a colony of royal & Cabot’s terns, Breton Island, Louisiana, June 1915, by J.H. Coquille
  6. T. Roosevelt [with field glasses] and John M. Parker on Audubon Society patrol boat, Royal Tern of New York, Louisiana Sea Islands Reservation, June 1, 1915, by J.H. Coquille
  7. T. Roosevelt and John M. Parker of New Orleans, Louisiana Sea Island Reservation, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  8. T. Roosevelt examines abandoned tern colony, Louisiana Sea Islands Reservation, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  9. Roosevelt and Warden Sprinkle dig sea turtle eggs, Louisiana Sea Islands Reservation, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  10. Roosevelt and John M. Parker on Audubon Society patrol boat, Royal Tern of New York, Louisiana Sea Islands Reservation, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
  11. Roosevelt shown by John M. Parker a brood of chickens "mothered" by a capon rooster at Parker's shore estate, Pass Christian, Miss., where he entertained Roosevelt, June 1915, by Herbert K. Job
8 15 Letters of Appreciation, 1937-1938
8 16 Price Lists, 1937-1938
    Correspondence: Published works
8 17 September - December 1937
8 18 January 1938
8 19 February-March 1938
8 20 April-May 1938
8 21 June-August 1938
8 22 September 1938
8 23 October 1938
8 24 November 1938
8 25 December 1938
8 26 January-February 1939
8 27 March-April 1939
8 28 May-June 1939
9 1 July-August 1939
9 2 September-October 1939
9 3 November-December 1939
    Correspondence: Sales
9 4 January-February 1938
9 5 March-April 1938
9 6 May-June 1938
9 7 July-August 1938
9 8 September-October 1938
9 9 November-December 1938
9 10 January-February 1939
9 11 March-April 1939
9 12 May-July 1939
9 13 August-October 1939
9 14 November-December 1939
9 15 December 1939-December 1940
9 16 1941
9 17 Roosevelt Memorial Association thank-you cards
    Correspondence: Sales/No Charge
9 18 1937
9 19 1938
9 20 1939
9 21 1940-April 1941
9 22 Price List, 1940
9 23 Price List, 1941
9 24 Acknowledgements, 1940-1941
   

Series 2: Allegany State Park

    Correspondence
10 1 W.T. Hornaday, Establishment of Allegany State Park, 1919-1920
10 2 Letters regarding the history of the relationship of the Roosevelt Station to the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1920
10 3 Letters regarding the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1920
10 4 Letters regarding the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1920
10 5 Letters regarding the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1920-1921
10 6 Letters regarding management of Allegany State Park
10 7 Letters regarding the history of the relationship of the Roosevelt Station to the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1921
10 8 Use of Army supplies at Allegany State Park, 1921
10 9 Elk and buffalo in Allegany State Park, 1921
10 10 Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences, 1921
10 11 Establishment of a camp at Allegany State Park, 1921
10 12 Edward F. Brown, 1921
10 13 Chauncey J. Hamlin, 1920-1921
10 14 1921
10 15 Regarding reprinted works, 1922
10 16 Regarding forestry policy, 1922
10 17 1922-1923
10 18 Fred G. Kaiser, 1923
10 19 Regarding Photographs, 1927
10 20 Anthony E. Zipprich (sp?) with photographs, 1928
10 21 Regarding establishment of a school at Allegany State Park, 1922-1932
10 22 Regarding needs and resources in Allegany State Park, 1934
10 23 Newton G. Armstrong
10 24 R.E. Coker resignation, 1936
10 25 Confidential memorandum to Mr. Henry F. Lutz of State Parks, New York State Department of Conservation, 1937
10 26 Regarding the writing of the history of Allegany State Park, 1937
10 27 Regarding the writing of the history of Allegany State Park, 1939
10 28 Regarding history of the establishment of Allegany State Park, 1939
10 29 Charles E. Congdon, 1939
10 30 Charles E. Congdon, with attached minutes of the 1952 meeting of the Allegany State Park Commissioners
10 31 Harriet Dyer Adams, with notes
    Reports
11 1 Minutes and press release from November 24, 1920, meeting of the New York Committee of the Allegany State Park Association
11 2 Minutes of the Allegany State Park Commission, 1921-1922
11 3 Map - Regional Plan Niagara Frontier, 1925
11 4 "State Recreation," Vol. 1, No. 6, June 1927
11 5 Allegany School of Natural History, Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences and New York State Museum Circular of Information No. 1, 1927
11 6 Names of persons attending the dinner in honor of Dr. J. McKeen Cattell, University Club, Boston, December 27, 1933
11 7 "Outdoor School of Natural History, Allegany State Park," C.C. Adams (draft)
11 8 "The Allegany Hiking Trail," William P. Alexander
11 9 Allegany School of Natural History alumni bulletins
11 10 "Plans for Wildlife and Natural History in the Proposed Allegany State Park"
    Printed Works
11 11 News clippings: Allegany State Park, 1920
11 12 New York Conservation Association, 1920
11 13 Proposed Allegany State Park, 1920
11 14 News clippings, 1920
11 15 News clippings, 1920, establishment of Allegany State Park
11 16 "First Annual Report of the Commissioners of the Allegany State Park to the Legislature of New York State," June 1, 1921-December 31, 1921
11 17 Establishment of Allegany State Park, 1921
11 18 State of New York Assembly Bill establishing Allegany State Park, 1921
11 19 "Roosevelt Wildlife Bulletin" Vol. 1, No. 1, December 1921
11 20 "Forest Leaves" June 1922
11 21 Newspaper - Pittsburgh Sunday Post, August 13, 1922
11 22 News clippings - "Allegany State Park," October 4, 1922
11 23 New York State Assembly Act (Amendment to the Conservation Law) 1923
11 24 "A Preliminary Report on a Fish Survey in Western New York," 1924
11 25 "Hobbies" - 1921, 1925, 1938
11 26 Press releases, 1927
11 27 News clippings: "Start Natural History School in State Park," 1927
11 28 "Studies in Vermont Dairy Farming," E.W. Bell, 1928
11 29 "Trees of the Allegany State Park," 1929
11 30 "The Ranger," 1929
11 31 "School and Society," 1920, 1928, 1930
11 32 Health Issues in Cattaraugus County, 1929-1931
12 1 "Announcement - Allegany School of Natural History, Conducted by the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences and NYS Museum" 1927, 1928, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, 1936
12 2 "Natural Notes" Bulletin #1, June 1934
12 3 Circular of Information - Allegany School of Natural History - Summer School Session, 1934
12 4 "Achivos do Instituto Biologico" 1935
12 5 News clippings: Buffalo Evening News, "Regents Inspect Allegany School" August 12, 1935
12 6 "The Geography of Allegany State Park," Carol Y. Mason, 1936
12 7 "Biological Station," University of Michigan, 1934, 1937
12 8 American Society of Planning Officials, 1939, 1944, 1945
12 9 "Environmental Analysis of Forest Edges in Relation to Wildlife" 1945
12 10 News clippings: "Start of Allegany Park Recalled by C.J. Hamlin, One of the Founders," 1952
12 11 Postcards - Allegany School of Natural History
12 12 "Suggestions for the Management of Forest Wildlife in the Allegany State Park, New York"
12 13 Allegany State Park Brochure
12 14 Buffalo Museum of Science camp brochure
12 15 "Allegany State Park and the City at Its Gate"
12 16 Maps of Allegany State Park
12 17 Brochures describing recreational activities at the Allegany State Park
12 18 Advertisement - "The Natural History of Chautauqua"
12 19 Train schedules
12 20 Maps
12 21 "Allegany Highway Association" brochure
12 22 "Contributions of Museums to Outdoor Recreation," Lawrence Vail Coleman, 1928
12 23 Maps of Allegany State Park with advertisements for local businesses
12   Photographs
  24 By Photo Laboratory of the Buffalo Society of Natural Sciences (3 items)
12 25 Layout with legend
12 26 Layouts
12 27 By C.E. Simmons (relief maps of Allegany State Park)
13   Photographs of the Allegany School of Natural History facilities, students, fauna, animals, and surrounding area.
Last Updated: July 14, 2010