|Quantity:||9 boxes (3.0 cubic ft.)|
|Access:||Open to research.
Sketchbook stored in vault. Viewing the original requires making special arrangements through Manuscripts and Special Collections.
|Alternative Formats:||Also available on microfilm, MB/FM,759.147,C689,200-5109|
|Acquisition:||Received from Florence Cole Vincent, Thomas Cole’s granddaughter, in 1935|
|Processed By:||Originally processed in 1935; reprocessed by Vicki Weiss, Archivist, November 1993, revised March 2011|
Thomas Cole was born in Bolton-le-Moor, Lancashire, England, February 1, 1801. His father, a woolen manufacturer, moved the family to Philadelphia in 1819, where he opened a dry-goods shop while Thomas took up wood-engraving which he had already practiced at Liverpool. The family soon moved to Steubenville, Ohio, where the father set up a wallpaper factory; Thomas remained in Philadelphia.
Thomas rejoined his family in 1820, aiding his father in the manufacture of wallpaper. His chance meeting with an itinerant portrait painter named Stein resulted in his decision to become an artist. Stein taught him the rudiments of mixing color and lent him a treatise on the theory of color.
Since the wallpaper business was losing money, his father decided to move to Pittsburgh in 1823. Thomas again remained behind, painting, but soon joined his family to help in his father’s newest venture: manufacturing floor coverings. He next spent some months in Philadelphia and then rejoined his family who had moved to New York City.
A New York merchant, George W. Bruen, who had admired some of Cole’s studio paintings, paid his steamboat fare up the river to explore the Catskills. Cole took the three oil paintings that resulted from this trip to a frame shop on Broadway in New York City where they were seen by Col. John Trumbull, president of the American Academy of Fine Arts and, at the time, one of the most influential men in New York art circles. Trumbull introduced Cole’s work to collectors and artists alike and from then on his fame spread and the Hudson River School of landscape painting was launched.
Over the next few years many weeks were spent in travel and the exploration of scenery in the Catskills and the White Mountains.
In 1826 Cole was invited to become a founder of the National Academy of Design.
In June 1829 he sailed for England, where he stayed for two years; he toured France and Italy before returning to New York in November 1832. In November 1836 Cole married Maria Bartow and settled at Catskill.
His two most famous works, “The Course of Empire” and “The Voyage of Life,” were commissioned by Luman Reed and Samuel Ward, respectively, both of whom died before the works were completed.
Of “The Course of Empire,” James Fenimore Cooper said it was “the work of the highest genius this country has ever produced.” The series was exhibited in the fall of 1836 and then was stored until it was donated to the New-York Historical Society in 1858.
Cole again visited Europe in 1841-1842, the Adirondacks in 1846 and Niagara Falls in 1847.
A week after his 47th birthday he died of a virulent pneumonia.
Scope and Content Note:
The collection consists of eight boxes of manuscripts generated by or related to Thomas Cole, an artist, poet and founder of the Hudson River School style of landscape painting. The papers cover the period ca.1818-1964, with the bulk of the papers covering the years 1821-1848. They are divided into five series.
A majority of the material was collected by Cole’s daughter and granddaughter, Mrs. Florence Cole Vincent, from whom the collection was received by the New York State Library in 1935.
The collection covers both his personal and public life.
Included are letters written by and to Cole, journals, notebooks, essay and lecture notes, verse and poetry, personal accounting records, and newspaper articles by and about Cole and his work. Also included are an 1827 sketchbook, miscellaneous sketches, exhibit registers and catalogs, and articles and catalogs from exhibits of his work after his death. The sketches include rough versions of typical Cole landscape paintings.
Cole made use of every scrap of paper for jotting down ideas for paintings, names of people who commissioned him to paint pictures, and ideas he encountered in his readings. Thus, the collection is a cornucopia of words and pictures.
Four finding aids created about 1935 facilitate access to the letters:
- Two name indexes of the people with whom Cole corresponded divided into the following sections: people who wrote to Cole and people to whom Cole wrote. Each name is followed by the date(s) of the letter(s) in the collection. These indexes are included at the end of this finding aid.
- A two-page unpublished list available at the repository of painters mentioned in letters to Thomas Cole, and
- A one-page unpublished list available at the repository of letters from other painters to Cole.
The collection has been microfilmed (MB/FM,759.197,C689,200-5109). In the microfilm copy, the folder list for Box 6 is: Folder 1, Bills, accounts, etc.; Folder 2, Notebooks, verse, etc.; Folder 3, Sketchbook; Folder 4, Sketches, and Folder 5, Exhibition catalogs. The accompanying finding aid does not replicate the order in which items were microfilmed.
The Thomas Cole Papers are comprised of the following six series and subseries:
- Correspondence, 1820-1855
- Letters by Thomas Cole, 1821-1847
- Letters to Thomas Cole, 1821-1848
- Letters of Robert Gilmor to and from Thomas Cole, 1826-1837
- Drafts and fragments of letters by Thomas Cole
- Family letters, 1820-1855 and n.d.
- Letters to persons other than Thomas Cole, n.d. and 1831, 1848-1863
The greater part of the collection consists of correspondence to and from Cole.
The three major subseries are Letters by Cole, 1821-1847 (Box 1), Letters to Cole, 1821-1848 (Boxes 2 and 3), and Family letters, 1820-1855 (Box 4). There are also several drafts and fragments of letters by Cole (Box 1, Folder 7).
A large part of the correspondence is with prominent American artists and writers.
There are several letters to and from Robert Gilmor, a Baltimore merchant and one of Cole’s most influential patrons (Box 3, Folder 8), and several letters to Luman Reed and his heirs regarding the five paintings entitled “The Course of Empire.”
The letters written by Cole contain comments on his travels, personal life and professional obligations.
One small noteworthy group of letters is Cole’s correspondence with William Adams regarding the design of the state house in Ohio and how and when Cole would repay a monetary debt owed to Adams.
The letters written to Cole cover the same general topics as the letters written by Cole but also include letters of introduction written on Cole’s behalf to people in Europe.
The letters regarding commissions for paintings sometimes include prose descriptions of the works and price quotes.
The family correspondence consists mainly of letters written by Cole to his wife, Maria. Also included are letters from Maria to her husband. Of particular interest are the two letters to Cole’s son, Theddy (Theodore) by Frederic Church.
The letters to persons other than Cole (Box 3, Folder 9) include letters of condolence sent to Maria at the time of her husband’s death.
A collection of drafts and fragments of letters by Cole (Box 1, Folder 7) indicates Cole often prepared at least one draft of a letter and then edited it before preparing the final copy. These fragments include prose descriptions of works contemplated or in progress, and references to commissions and invitations. Also in this folder are several autographs (Cole’s and others), which were cut from letters, and small sketches (doodles?).
The correspondence is arranged chronologically. However, as mentioned above, there is an index of names of people to whom Cole wrote letters and an index of names of people who sent letters to Cole. The indexes are arranged alphabetically by surname and then chronologically by date on letter.II. Writings, 1818-1848
The collection includes three bound journals, book signatures used as journals, and sheets of paper evidently cut from bound volumes (Box 4).
One of the signatures covers a trip from Philadelphia to Ohio in 1818(?) and may have been written by Thomas Cole’s father.
One bound journal has scattered entries from November 5, 1834, through February 1, 1848. The other two bound journals contain accounts of Cole’s trips to Europe in 1829 and 1841.
The other journals cover Cole’s excursions in France and Italy (1831), including trips to Volterra (1831), Naples (1832), and Florence (1832), and his trip from Rome to Sicily in 1842. A final set of loose papers covers his trip to Mount Desert Island, Maine.
Cole also wrote a five-page autobiography about his time in Chillicothe, Ohio (1822) (Box 4, Folder 5).B. Essay and lecture notes
The essay and lecture notes (Box 5) include drafts of Cole’s “Essay on American Scenery” published in the January 1836 issue of American Monthly, “Sicilian Antiquities & Scenery” published as “Sicilian Scenery and Antiquities” in The Knickerbocker in February and March 1844, “Letter to the Publick on the Subject of Architecture,” “Verdura, or a Tale of After Time,” which contains his thoughts on what life would be like at the close of the 20th century, and two drafts of “The Death of Chocorua,” a Native American legend he painted and entitled “Chocorua’s Curse.”C. Verse and poetry, ca.1825-1847
The dates of the dated poems range from 1825 through 1847. Most of the poems deal with nature or life as an allegory although one poem is entitled “To Maria,” one was written “On Hearing of the Death of Mr. Reed” and one is entitled “Written on My Birthday, Feb. 1st, 1830.” Other titles are “Etna,” “The March of Time,” “Just Before Sunrise” and “Twilight.” Included is a 20-sheet draft of “The Voyage of Life, Parts 1 and 2,” which he apparently wrote to accompany the four-painting series of the same name. (Printed copies of this poem were used by Cole as scrap paper and can be found throughout the collection.)D. Notebooks
Of the five notebooks in the collection, one contains prose descriptions of scenes in Italy, sketches of the scenes and notations on colors; a second notebook, entitled Catskilliana, contains heavily-edited prose sketches which, according to a note at the beginning, were “written in the evenings after the fatigues of the day,” and three notebooks contain drafts of “The Spirits of the Wilderness: A Poem.” Two of the three notebooks on the poem appear to be related (one is numbered 1 to 75; the second is numbered 76 to 91 and is dated April 27, 1837); the third notebook on the poem appears to be another draft. The two prose sketchbooks include Italian grammar exercises.III. Sketches, exhibition catalogs and visitors’ registers, calling cards
This series consists of an 1827 sketchbook, miscellaneous sketches, registers and catalogs from exhibits held throughout his career, and articles and catalogs from exhibits of his work after his death. Included are four sketches on commerce (Commerce Meeting the Nations, Commerce Rising, Commerce Reigning and Commerce Sleeping). The sketch of Commerce Sleeping is on the back of a letter from William Firth, dated August 28, 1842.IV. Personal finance papers
The personal finance papers (Box 6, Folders 11 and 12) cover his personal life, including receipts for clothes bought, and professional expenses, such as receipts from New York City newspapers in which Cole advertised paintings and exhibits.
V. Newspapers and newspaper clippings
Included in the newspaper clippings are critiques and reviews of exhibits, an article on a hike to Kaaterskill Falls in The Catskill Messenger written by Cole and stories related to his death.
Box and Folder List:
|Letters by Thomas Cole|
|1||5||1841-1847 and n.d.|
|1||6||Drafts and fragments of letters by Thomas Cole|
|Letters to Thomas Cole|
|3||8||Correspondence between Thomas Cole and Robert Gilmor, 1826-1837|
|3||9||Letters to persons other than Thomas Cole, n.d., 1827, 1831, 1848-1863|
|Cole family letters|
|4||5||Notes on Cole’s life, Chillicothe journal|
|4||6||Philadelphia to Ohio (1818?)|
|4||7||France and Italy, 1831-1832|
|4||8||Visit to Volterra, August 24, 1831|
|4||9||Naples, May 14, 1832|
|4||10||Journey from Rome to Florence, June 1832|
|4||11||Journey from Rome to Sicily |
|4||12||Trip to Mount Desert Island, Maine|
|4a||1||Journal – “Thoughts and Occurrences” – November 1834 – February 1848|
|4a||2||Journal – London, 1829|
|4a||3||Journal, August 7, 1841 – November 28, ; voyage by sea fro New York, and travels in Italy|
|5||1||Essay on American Scenery|
|5||2||Lecture [on Art]|
|5||3||Letter to the Publick on the Subject of Architecture by Thomas Cole, n.d.|
|5||6||The Death of Chocorua|
|5||7||Sicilian Antiquities and Scenery|
|5||8||Verdura, the Clove Valley|
|5||9||Influence of the Plastic Arts|
|5||11||Untitled, unnumbered or fragments of essay and lecture notes|
|5||12||Pictures in Churches|
|Verse and poetry|
|5||13||The Wild, 1826|
|5||14||The Complaint of the Forest|
|5||15||The Voyage of Life|
|5||16-18||Verse and poetry|
|5||19||Essay: Tribute to Cornelius VerByck|
|6||1||Prose descriptions of ideas for paintings, including Course of Empire and Voyage of Life/Extracts copied from books and articles|
|6||2||Lists (paintings, books, clothes, etc.)|
|6||3||European trips (visa, bills, sketch of map of Sicily)|
|6||4||Notes on art techniques|
|6||6||Henry Bayless (mortgage and apprenticeship)|
|6||8||“Elijah of the Cave” (1858 sale)|
|6||9||Ad for book by George Field; “Dr. Mahan’s Speech” (16p.)|
|6||10||Newspapers - Includes articles by and about Cole and his work; also obituaries about Cole; ca.1834-1964|
|6||11-12||Bills, accounts, receipts, notes, including exhibition accounts|
|7||1||Exhibition account books|
|7||2||Exhibition catalogs, etc. (includes calling cards and admission ticket to showing of “The Angel Appearing to the Shepherds”)|
|7||3||Thomas Cole, Catskill, 1835. The Spirits of the Wilderness|
|7||4||The Spirits of the Wilderness [pages 1-75]|
|7||5||The Spirits of the Wilderness [pages 76+]/The Voyage of Life|
|8||1a||Sketches (The four sketches in this folder are mounted.)|
|8||3||Observations from Nature|
|8||4||Sketchbook dated 1827 - in VAULT|
1935 Index to Letters from and to Thomas Cole
Letters from Thomas Cole
|_____, Henry||1845||July 16|
|_____ (uncle)||1842||December 22|
|Adams, William A.||1823||February 8|
|Ainsley, Peter||1847||April 26|
|Alexander, Francis||1834||September 1|
|Allen, George F.||1846||April 25|
|Bates, Joshua||1837||June 12|
|Blandy, B.||1834||May 14|
|Bloodgood, Simeon DeWitt||1834||September 23|
|Carey, E.L.||1840||November 12|
|Childs, Cephas Grier||1844||April 2|
|Cooke, Robert||1846||July 19|
|Day, Edgar B.||1843||February 20|
|Durand, Asher Brown||1836||May 13
|Edmonds, Francis William||1842||December 17|
All these letters found grouped and filed under earliest date.
On p. 42(2)
On p. 42(3)
|Greene, George Washington||1843||November 23|
|Greenough, Horatio||1832||February 16|
|Hervey, D.B.||1840||January 3
|Hone, Joseph (?) G.||1833||November 27|
|Huggins, James S.||1840||October 20|
|Hyde, Edwin C.||1839||September 2|
|Lanman, Charles||1840||June 15|
|Lawrence, Sir Thomas||1829||October 5|
|Leslie, Charles Robert||1836||February 8|
|Lester, C. Edwards||1845||October 22
|Lightbody, Frederick W.||1845||November 17|
|Martin, W.||1838||April 28|
|Mason, Jonathan||1843||September 1|
|Morton, John Ludlow||1832||January 31
|Owen, H.E.||1847||April 28|
|Parker, Charles||1844||January 8|
|Perkins, Thomas Handasyd||1829||April 4|
|Phillips, Rev Joseph F.||1840||March 21|
|Reed, Luman||1831||September 7|
|Rossiter, Thomas Prichard||1842||August 19|
|Skinner, A.N.||1843||November 30|
|Smith, Alfred||1844||February 6
|Spencer, Mark||1844||September 20|
|Town, Ithiel||1839||March 6|
|Townsend, Isaih||1844||January 6|
|Van Rensselaer, William P.||1837||July 9
|Ver Bryck, Cornelius
On back of letter of this date to Edgar B. Day.
|Van Vorst, Hooper C.||1846||November 7|
|Ward, John||1841||September 28|
|Ward, Samuel||1839||September 14
|Watterson, George||1836||May 2|
|Adams, William A.||1834||August 13||X|
|Printed circular with unsigned letter dated June 7 on back||1838||April 10||X|
|Ainsley, Peter||1847||July 19||X|
|Ainsley, Samuel James||1842||May 26||X|
|Alexander, Francis, 1800-1881, American portrait painter||1832||August 12||X|
|Allen, George F.||1837||June 8||X|
|Allen, Theodore||1836||September 22||X|
|Allston, Washington, 1779-1843, American poet and painter, letter (copy) to Henry Pickering.||1827||November 23|
|Appleton, Nathan||1829||January 26|
|Ashton, Thomas B.||1837||February 25||X|
|On back of printed circular.||1840||January 1||X|
|Ashton & Browning||1839||July 17|
|Athenaeum Gallery, Boston. Committee on Arrangements||1829||January 26|
|Balzani, Giovanni Batta||1837||June 3|
|Bates, Joshua, 1788-1864, American financier.||1833||April 4||X|
|Baust, Nathaniel||1844||January 2|
|Bell, Deyough & Co.||1833||January 12|
|Bennet, Edwin Thomas||1834||June 28||X|
|September 31 [sic]||X|
|Bennett, William James||1836||July 3||X|
|Bloodgood, Simeon DeWitt, 1799-1866, merchant and author.||1834||December 29||X|
|Bowdoin, James||1829||January 26|
|Bridges, Anna||1836||June 16||X|
|Brown, James||n.d. Monday||X|
|Bryant, William Cullen, 1794-1878.||1830||June 15||X|
|(To G.C. Grandi, Monaca, Bavaria)||1841||July 6||X|
|(To Prof. Rosini, Univ. of Pisa)||1841||August 6||X|
|(To Miss Julia Hepp, Heidelberg)||1841||August 6||X|
|Bullock, S.M.||1840||December 22||X|
|Burnet, James A.||1838||July 20||X|
|Caffe, P.||1837||May 15|
|Carey, E.L.||1841||March 16||X|
|Cary, William F.||1841||March 11||X|
|Caver, E.||1841||December 24||X|
|Cheney, John||1832||April 10||X|
|Childs, Cephas Grier||1844||March 30||X|
|Church, Frederic Edwin, 1826-1900, landscape painter, pupil of Thomas Cole.||1844||May 20||X|
|Clark, Lewis Gaylord, 1810-1873, author, editor.||1840||August 1||X|
|Cleveland, Charles||1840||September 23|
|Coit, D.W.||1834||February 19|
|Collier, C.P.||1846||November 18|
|Conely, William S.||1838||October 18|
|Constable, John, 1776-1837||1830||June 18|
|Cooke, Andrew S.||1839||June 26||X|
|Cooke (Cook?), Robert||1846||May 18||X|
|Coolidge, Joseph, Jr.||1829||January 26|
|Cooper, Anne (daughter of J.F. Cooper)||1841||September 23||X|
|Cranch, John, d.1883; portrait painter.||1831||May 23||X|
|Cropsey, Jasper Francis, 1823-1900, landscape painter.||1848||March 16||X|
|Croswell, Edwin, 1797-1871, journalist.||1841||April 3||X|
|Cummings, Thomas Seir, 1804-1894, painter and art writer.||1828||August 16||X|
|Danforth, Moseley Isaac, 1800-1862, engraver.||(1841)||(July 31)||X|
|Davis, J.P., painter||1838||March 30||X|
|Day, Edgar B.||1841||March 16||X|
|Delavan, Edward Cornelius||1832||December 3||X|
|Dewey, Orville, 1794-1882, American theologian.||1839||March 13||X|
|(To Mrs. Cole)||1848||February 17||X|
|Dexter, Franklin, 1793-1857, lawyer.||1834||March 12||X|
|Dorsey, Stanton||1835||July 19||X|
|Dunlap, William, 1766-1839, portrait painter.||1836||March 7||X|
|Durand, Asher Brown, 1796-1886, engraver and painter.||1836||November 20||X|
|(initials only)||1847||March 11||X|
|Dutton, W.||1829||January 26|
|Dwight, Theodore||1834||August 19||X|
|April 21 (20?)||X|
|Edmonds, Francis Williams, 1806-1863, artist.||1842||October 28||X|
|Eliot, Samuel Atkins, 1798-1862, mayor of Boston.||1829||January 26|
|Elliott, M.G.||1834||August 9|
|Everett, Edward, 1794-1865, writer, orator, statesman.||1834||March 13||X|
|Faile, Thomas H.||1841||August 7||X (2)|
|Falconer, John M.||1858||June 22||X|
|Featherstonehaugh, George William, 1780-1886, English traveler/landowner.||1825||December 12||X|
|Field, H.W.||1832||March 9||X|
|Firth, William||1842||August 28|
|Fisher, I. Henrick||1833||June 12||X|
|Fraser, Robert F.||1844||July 5||X|
|Gay, Henry B.||1848||February 16||X|
|Gaylord, Charles S.||1838||March 14||X|
|Gilmor, Robert||1826||August 1||X|
|January 25 (26?)||X|
|Girth, William||1842||August 28||X|
|Gracie, W.||1828||February 2|
|Greene, George Washington||(1841?)||X|
|Greene, John B.
See page 3 of printed circular of December 31, 1841.
|Greenough, Horatio, 1805-1852, American sculptor.||1832||May 19||X|
|Henshaw, David, 1791-1852, Am. Sec. of Navy.||1843||December 12||X|
|Hillhouse, James Abraham, 1789-1841||1827||October 24||X|
|Hone, Philip||1825||January 10|
|Hosack, David, 1769-1839, scientist.||1826||November|
|Hoyt, H.I. (F.T.?)||1832||August 24||X|
|Huggins, James S.||1840||October 17||X|
|Huntington, Daniel, 1816-1906, artist.||1846||July 6||X|
|(To Mrs. Cole)||1848||February 16||X|
|Hyde, Edwin C.||1839||August 29||X|
|Hyde, Henry H.||1843||April 29||X|
|Ince, Thomas||1842||December 14||X|
|Ingham, Charles Cromwell, 1796-1863, artist.||1833||October 24||X|
|Inman, Charles (Henry?)||1836||July 18||X|
|Inman, Henry, 1801-1846, artist.||1840||November 24||X|
|Irving, Washington, 1783-1859.||1835||September 15||X|
|Jenkins, Henry||1841||December 25||X|
Under Thomas House Taylor
|Judd, G.N. (To Mrs. Cole)||1848||March 6||X|
|[18?7], March 6|
|Labouchere, Pierre Antoine||1830||January 10||X|
|Lad, Rufus L.||1831||June 25||X|
|Landini, Paolo||1837||June 3||X|
|Lane, John F.||1833||January 7||X|
|Lawrence, Sir Thomas, R.A., 1769-1830||1829||October 6||X|
|Leslie, Charles Robert, 1794-1859, English historical painter.||1830||May 4||X|
|Leupp, Chr||n.d.||Christmas Eve|
|Livingston, H. (?)||1761||November 4||X|
|Lukens, F.H.||1829||January 26|
|Lyman, Charles||1833||December 13||X|
|Marston, John M.||1843||April 4|
|Mason, Jonathan||1833||April 8||X|
|November 2 (3?)||X|
|Matteson, Tomkins Harrison||1848||February 17|
|Moore, F.W.C.||1837||May 2||X|
|Morse, Samuel F.B., 1791-1872||1831||February 28|
|Printed letter||1838||March 15|
|Printed letter (signed)||1841||November 30|
|Morton, H. H.||1833||October 1||X|
|Morton, John Ludlow||1828||February 11||X|
|National Academy of Design||1839||November 5|
|New York Life School. Committee||1848||February 17|
|Noble, Frank E.||1845||August 8||X|
|Noble, Rev. Louis L.||1845||August 8|
|Ombrosi, James||1840||April 11||X|
|Owen, E.H.||1846||May 14||X|
|Parish, Mrs.||n.d.||December 31|
|Parker & Clover||1830||April 24|
|Payne, John Howard, 1792-1852.||1843||February 1||X|
|Perkins, Thomas H., 1764-1854, philanthropist.||1829||January 26||X|
|Pesarini (Pesavini?), Anna Rosa||1834||October 4||X|
|Peter, Wenceslas, daughter of||n.d.|
|Phillips, Rev. Joseph F.||(1840)||(March 15)||X|
|1845||July 5||X (2)|
|Pickering, Henry, 1781-1837, poet.||1826||July 25||X|
|Pickering, Joseph S.||1827||January 1||X|
|Pratt, Henry Cheever||1835||March 28||X|
|Pruyn, Robert Hewson, 1815-1882, diplomat.||1841||July 30||X|
|Rankin, Robert G.||1834||July 26||X|
|Reed, Luman||1835||May 26||X|
|March 20 (30?)||X|
|Renwick, James, 1790-1863, Am. physicist.||(n.d.)||X|
|Ridgway, J. Jr.||1838||April 10|
|Ridner, John P.||1837||December 26||X|
|Rogers, Samuel, 1763-1855, English poet.||1829||December 31||X|
|Romeyn, James R.||1844||February 16||X|
|Rossiter, Thomas Prichard, 1817-1871, American artist. Autog. poem||1842||March 4|
|Ruggles, Samuel Bulkley, 1800-1881, American lawyer.||1839||July 29||X|
|Sartain, John, 1808-1897, Eng. Am. painter and engraver.||1840||January 1||X|
|Sayre, Francis||1841||April 5|
|Scudder, Samuel D.||1844||February 15(?)||X|
|Sedgwick, Catherine Maria, 1789-1867, American author.||1834||June 28||X|
|Silliman, Benjamin, American geologist and chemist.||1839||November 15||X|
|Sitton, St. M.||1838||July 28|
|Skinner, A.N.||1839||September 10||X|
|Skinner, James||1835||April 6|
|Smith, Alfred||1844||February 20||X|
|Spencer, J.A. (to Isaiah Townsend, Albany)||1843||December 12||X|
|Spencer, Mark||1846||January 9||X|
|Spencer, William A.
Under Thomas House Taylor
|Sprague, Rev. William Buel, 1795-1876, Albany pastor.||1834||December 22||X|
|Springer, Reuben Runyan, 1800-1884, American philanthropist.
(To Jonathan Sturges)
|Stearns, Junius Brutus||1848||February 17|
|Sturges, Jonathan, 1802-1874, New York merchant; patron of art.||1836||December 10||X|
|Stuyvesant, Peter Gerard, 1778-1847, American lawyer.||1837||December 15||X|
|Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872, Eng.-Am. portrait painter.||1828||May 27||X|
|Swift, John H.||n.d.||Saturday||X|
|Talbot, George A.||1836||July 11||X|
|Tappan, John G.||1834||October 9||X|
|Taylor, Thomas House||n.d.|
|Town, Ithiel, 1784-1844, Am. architect.||1839||August 11||X|
|Townsend, Isaiah||1843||October 13||X|
|Trego, Charles B.||1826||September 28||X|
|Trumbull, Jonathan, 1756-1843.||1826||July 17||X|
|Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, 1813-1871, American author.||1846||June 26||X|
|Van Hook, William B.||1838||April 10|
|Van Rensselaer,||1828||July 5|
|Van Rensselaer, Cornelia L.||n.d.||April 11||X|
|Van Rensselaer, Jeremiah||n.d.||X|
|Van Rensselaer, Philip S.||1840||July 17||X|
|Van Rensselaer, S.||1828||July 5||X|
|Van Rensselaer, William P.||1836||December 10||X|
|Van Vorst, Hooper C.||1846||November 5||X|
|Vattemare, Alexandre||1839||December 16||X|
|Ver Bryck, Cornelius Lozier, 1813-1844, American artist.||1839||December 31||X|
|Wadsworth, Daniel||1827||August 27||X|
|Ward, Henry||1836||November 19||X|
|Ward, Samuel, 1786-1839, American banker.||1839||September 20||X|
|Ward, Samuel Jr.||1839||March 21||X|
|Warner, Andrew (To T. Cole family)||1848||February 17||X|
|(To Mrs. Cole)||February 18||X|
|Waser, R.F.||1846||December 8|
|Watterson, George, 1783-1854, American librarian||1836||June 14||X|
|Weir, Robert Walter, 1803-1889, Am. artist.||1843||July 12||X|
|Printed invitation||September 28|
|Welles & Co.||1841||December 31|
|Wendell, Herman||1846||June 26||X|
|Whitehorne, J.||1839||October 21|
|Whittredge, Worthington, Am. artist.
(To Theodore Cole)
|Wright, Ambrose||1832||July 30||X|