Eilliott Service Co., New York, N.Y.,
News Photographs, 1943-1944

PRI5713+

Quantity: 65 black-and-white photoprints (2 boxes; 1.0 cubic ft.). Photoprints measure 36 x 44 cm.; 62 printed captions measure 21 x 44 cm.
Access: Open to research
Acquisition: Gift of Clesson Bush, New Baltimore, N.Y., May 2014
Processed By: Paul Mercer, Senior Librarian, New York State Library/Manuscripts and Special Collections, and Bryana Wachowicz, Student Intern, University at Albany, 2014

View catalog record

Historical Note:

The Elliott Service Company was established in 1913 in New York City as a subscription photographic and pictorial news service agency providing images for window display and advertising purposes. The service supplied large format photographs of people, places and events of current news interest, which were sent to its subscribers several times a week. By 1921 the company claimed over 5,000 subscribers throughout the United States. The company continued in business until well after 1950.  [This information is based on: Supreme Court, Appellate Division, First Department, New York. Elliott Service Co. v. Dispatch Photo News Service Co., July 1, 1921 (197 A.D. 615, 189 N.Y.S. 459)]

Scope and Content Note: 

This New York State Library’s collection consists of 65 black-and-white photoprints, all but three accompanied by printed caption strips. The bulk of the images in Library’s collection concern topics related to World War II. Other more general subjects include sports, aviation, nostalgia and “human interest stories.” War and military images are often identified as having been supplied by the various branches of the U.S. armed forces.

Photoprints in the collection typically contain a montage of one to five images illustrating a main theme. Caption strips are printed with patriotic-themed borders and, in most cases, slogans advocating the purchase of war-time savings bonds, scrap recycling drives, or other war-related civilian activities. Each caption strip has a unique date code and alphanumeric serial number, although neither code is printed on the actual photoprints.

Piece List:


Box Piece Title/Description Date Code Serial
Number
1 1 Baseball Action / (1) Dotted line shows high trajectory of “blooper pitch,” hurled by Rip Sewell of the Pirates. Last year Sewell won 21 games. He lost this game, though, to the Cincinnati Reds, 4-2. (2) “Welcome home!” That would have been an appropriate remark for catcher Seminick of the Phillies as a Braves player came sliding home. (3) Grimes (left), Yankee shortstop, flattens himself to get out of way as Etten (No. 5) is about to tag out Case (right) of the Washington Senators during a run-down play between first and second. Yanks won, 6-3. (4) Olmo of Dodgers comes storming home on Owen’s hit, but is out on throw by Luby to catcher Lombardi. Giants won, 2-1. 4 25 44 C7300
1 2 Sports and War / Seabags of U.S. Marines being transferred to active duty form the background for this picture of four former grid stars who are now Leathernecks at Parris Island, S.C. Left to right: Podesta from College of Pacific; Agase and Butkovich, once on Purdue team; and Bertelli, former Notre Dame star. (2) Jack Sharkey, ex-heavyweight champ now entertaining troops in Mediterranean war zone, is pictured in Africa with a WAC and two soldiers. (3) Yost leaps high to make pass as McNary of Penn State runs in to block play by N.Y.U. man. Penn State nosed out the New Yorkers, 37-36. 1 7 44 C7207
1 3 Liberty Ship and Aircraft Carrier / Left: At the Calship Corp., Los Angeles, Mrs. Elma O’Hara christens the Edwin Joseph O’Hara, named for her son, a merchant marine hero who stuck with his sinking ship and fired 5 shells to sink an enemy raider in the South Atlantic. Right: The U.S.S. Bataan, our newest aircraft carrier, is launched by the New York Shipbuilding Corp. at Camden, N.J. The vessel was sponsored by the wife of Rear Admiral George D. Murray.  8 4 43 C7072
1 4 Here and There in the News / (1) First radiophoto received of quintuplets reported born in Argentina last July. (2) Ralph Siewert, 6 feet 11 inches tall, rookie hurler trying out with Detroit Tigers at Evansville camp, dwarfs pitcher Frank “Stubby” Overmire, 5 feet 7 inches tall. (3) Sgt. Charles E. Kelly, Pittsburgh boy who is first soldier to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor in the Italian theater of war, is pictured with some of the weapons he used to kill 40 Germans. (4) Brigadier General Frank Merrill (center), who is doing an excellent job against the Japs in Burma, is pictured with twin brothers, Lieut. Elbert Higgins (left) and Lieut. Albert Higgins. The boys look so much alike that Merrill asked Albert to grow a mustache to help identify himself. 8 31 43 C7096
1 5 Nurses Go Through Rigorous Training / Members of the U.S. Student Cadet Nurse Corps in training at Fort Devens, Mass., prepare for strenuous war front activity by taking a “commando” course. They also learn how to protect themselves against possible gas attacks. The cadets come to Devens from hospitals throughout New England, where they took their first phase of technical training. After completing a six-month course in a military hospital to qualify as graduate nurses, they may volunteer for Army service, or may return to civilian life. The choice is up to them. 5 11 44 C7314
1 6 Views from the News / (1) Photo snapped over Wright Field, Dayton, shows newest giant glider, the “CG-13,” which can carry heavier load of men and equipment than a C-47 cargo plane. View from tail of bomber tow-plane shows 350-foot cable of super-nylon thread. (2) Double miss as Sammy Angott (left) and Beau Jack fight in Madison Square Garden. Bout ended in a draw. (3) New British anti-tank weapon weighs only 33 pounds, and by means of spring and cartridge fires a 2¾ pound bomb that can penetrate 4 inches of armor plate on a tank. Weapon is proving a success in Italy. 2 1 44 C7228
1 7 [no caption sheet] 2 images:
Anti-aircraft gun and soldiers
Bomber landing(?) in desert
Not present Not present
1 8 At Home and Abroad / (1) Liberator bomber flying by Mt. Vesuvius just before the volcano shot out a huge volume of flame and molten lava. The eruption, the worst in 70 years, has made thousands of Italians homeless. (2) First photo released of Army’s new YO-60 autogiro, made by Kellett Aircraft Corp. Plane takes off after short run. (3) Excellent photo shows circular effect created by blast of a 155 mm “Long Tom” gun fired by Americans in Italy. (4) Rockets, 4 feet long and travelling at 475 m.p.h. for range of 2,200 feet, are being used at Camp Carson, Colo., as targets to train anti-aircraft gunners how to his speedy planes.  3 25 44 C7274
1 9 [no caption sheet] 1 Image:
Aerial view of bombs exploding at unidentified airfield
Not present Not present
1 10 Views from the news / (1) Major Gregory Boyington, Marine flier, is pictured with 2 of his 3 children at Okanagon, Wash. Shortly after he shot down his 26th Jap plane to equal the present and first World War record[;] Boyington was reported missing. (2) Two views of Italian experimental plant that used jet propulsion principle. RAF and U.S. Air Force have perfected “rocket motor” idea to drive propeller-less craft. (3) Unloading at Cape Gloucester beachhead on New Britain. Note amphibious Marine “alligator” in background. (4) Scene aboard ship that brought back American wounded from Italy to an East Coast port. 1 11 44 C7210
1 11 “Those Were the Days” / Here are some of the photos from the “American Snapshot Exhibit” which will tour the country after its current showing at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The exhibition includes snapshots taken during the 50 years or so since the hand-held camera with instantaneous shutter, turned photography into a folk art, practiced by amateurs with varying degrees of skill. The pictures shown here are undated, but were probably made in the late 90’s [sic] or at the beginning of the 20th century. (1) Park vendor makes a sale [from a cart advertising salted peanuts, candies, gum & cigars, Cracker Jack Popcorn & Peanuts]. (2) “In the good old summer time!” Some fun! [Boys and girls standing ankle deep in a swimming pool.] (3) Housewife carrying a hot lunch to her working husband. Also, what the well-dressed young man of that time wore. [Sign advertising [G?]enesee lager beer on side of building] (4) Whatta thrill! The daring man on the bicycle loops-the loop! 4 29 44 C7304                         
1 12 Basketball Action / (1) Scene during game in which Dartmouth defeated Ohio State, 60-53, to win Eastern Regional title of National tournament in New York. Hanover Indians earned right to play Utah, winners of Western title. (2) As St. John’s defeated De Paul in finals to win National invitation tourney. (3) Dramatic sidelight! Joe Lapchik (light suit), coach of St. John’s, was overcome by excitement when his team won. (4) In play-off for third place, Kentucky defeated the Oklahoma Aggies, 45-29. 3 28 44 C7276
1 13 Another Helicopter Takes to the Air / Helicopter piloted by F.N. Piasecki, president of Philadelphia company that built the craft, hovers over a jeep during demonstration before military officials in Washington, D.C. The craft can rise or descend vertically, fly backwards, or sideways. This helicopter, which is said to have a simplified control system, may be the prototype of post-war private helicopters. The P-V plant is now working on a helicopter with a one-ton payload and a range of 400 miles. Inset: An odd note! An old-fashioned auto horn is attached to the ultra-modern helicopter. [Little girl is playing with the horn as the pilot [?] dressed in businessman’s suit and hat looks on from the pilot’s seat.] 10 14 43 C7136
1 14 Closely-guarded Secret Now Revealed by Navy / Photos illustrate one of the reasons why our troops were able to make such smooth landings in their Sicilian and Italian amphibious operations. Below: A “roadway” or “pier” carried on the side of the LST boat was placed in the shallow water in a few minutes (top) to serve as a ramp when the craft could not get close enough to the beach to use the boat’s own short ramp. One “pier” can serve a number of LST boats. 10 21 43 C7131
1 15 What! A Sub Taking Off from a Carrier Deck? / No, this unusual photo is a “looking back” shot snapped from a fighter plane a few seconds after the craft roared clear of the flight deck while the giant flattop was under way. Because of its nearness to the camera, the plane’s tail looks somewhat like a submarine. Notice how the sharp bow of the carrier slices through the waves.  2 4 44 C7231
1 16 Italian Civilians Are Victims of Nazi Fiendishness / Dramatic photos just received in the U.S. show scenes of horror after terrific explosion of delayed-action bomb planted in a Naples post office by retreating Germans. Scores of men, women, and children were killed. Below: American and British soldiers are shown helping bomb victims. Top: Out of the smoke of the blast, staggers a hysterical man, blood streaming, as a dazed youngster, forgetting his own injuries, looks on. In their retreat toward Rome, the Nazis are shooting civilians, killing livestock, destroying homes, and leaving numerous delayed-action bomb traps. 10 22 43 C7132
1 17 Another Sub Sent to Bottom / Background: Churning the Atlantic into a white froth, this Nazi sub, bombed by a plane from one of the U.S. Navy’s little escort carriers, begins to settle by the stern. Huddled near the conning tower are some of the 30 German sailors who were rescued. Inset: Lieut. R.P. Williams (left) of Snoqualmie, Washington, dropped the depth charges from his Avenger plane; Charles Brewer (center) of Tulsa, Okla., strafed the sub; and Lieut. (j.g.) J.F. Schoby of Bode, Iowa, finally sank the U-boat. Williams and his pals are credited with 3 subs definitely sunk in 4 days. A 4th sub was crippled. 9 30 43 C7122
1 18 “That We May Live…” / Photos just released were snapped during invasion of Italy at Salerno. (1) Bomb from Nazi plane explodes in gun turret of cruiser U.S.S. Savannah. Several men were killed and some were wounded. (2) Gaping hole was made by the lucky hit. Resulting fire was brought under control in 20 minutes. Despite damage, the Savannah continued to fire at the enemy to cover initial landings. (3) Navy hospital corpsmen take care of wounded comrades. (4) They made the supreme sacrifice! In the background, men continue the fight against the enemy in the sky. 11 4 43 C7153
1 19 Britain Discloses Facts About “Human Torpedo” / (1) This radiophoto shows how two men wearing diving suits straddle the electrically operated torpedo to guide it to target. (2) Sketches show how “human torpedo” can be used against enemy warship in defended harbor. Men ride the torpedo under or over the defense net. Then they silently approach the enemy ship, attach war-head of torpedo to the ship’s hull, set the time fuse, and speed away out of danger on the propulsive part of the torpedo. (3) Three of the “pilots” who have successfully used “human torpedoes” against the enemy. Left to right: Lieut. R.T.G. Greenland, Signalman Alexander Ferrier, and Lieut. R.G. Dove. The men received medals for sinking several Italian ships in Palermo Harbor 15 months ago. 4 21 44 C7297
1 20 Beginning of the End for Another Nazi Sub / Lower photo shows bomb spray of near miss beside German submarine during a 5-hour battle against 3 Navy planes and 2 Army planes. White splashes in line indicate strafing by Navy Liberator. Strafing kept sub crew from effectively using deck guns. Top photo shows how two bombs closely straddled the sub for the “kill.” During the long battle a total of 33 depth bombs and IO demolition bombs were dropped on or near the U-boat. 1 12 44 C7211
1 21 Invasion Leaders / Key men who will direct invasion from base in Britain. (1) General Dwight Eisenhower, supreme Allied commander of “European theater of operations.” (2) General Sir Bernard Montgomery, commander-in-chief of British ground forces. (3) Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder (left), deputy commander-in-chief; and Lieut. General Ira Eaker, who succeeds Tedder as head of Allied air forces in Mediterranean. (4) Lieut. General Omar Bradley, senior commander of American invasion forces. (5) Air Chief Marshal Trafford Leigh-Mallory, head of Allied air forces. (6) Admiral Sir Bertram H. Ramsay, Allied naval commander-in-chief. (7) Lieut. General Carl Spaatz, head of American strategic bombing force. (8) Vice Admiral Percy W. Nelles, head of Canadian naval opeations. (9) German Field Marshal Rommel, who has been named as anti-invasion chief of the Nazis.  1 19 44 C7217
1 22 New Allied Thrust Puts “Squeeze” on Nazis / (1) Lt. Gen. Clark, head of Fifth Army, shakes hands with Admiral F.J. Lowry, chief of naval forces that took part in surprise landing behind German lines in Italy. (2) Americans wading ashore in unopposed landing. (3) British troops of Fifth Army advance in Bren carriers after successful amphibious maneuver. (4) Two Americans wring out some of their wet gear. (5) Map indicates three-pronged drive against Rome. Military experts estimate that 100,000 Nazis are threatened by the new “squeeze play.” 1 25 44 C7222
1 23 Close-up of 8000-pound Super Block-buster / At first glance, this looks like a tank car. This is one of the first photos released of the British 4-ton bombs that have been dropping with devastating effect on targets in Germany. The huge bomb is being towed to the Lancaster which will carry it on a night raid. 9 22 43 C7115
1 24 The End of Another Jap Torpedo Plane / Shot down by accurate anti-aircraft fire from a Pacific Fleet aircraft carrier that took part in the recent raid on the Marshall Islands, this Jap torpedo bomber is going down in flames, with its “tin fish” dropping into the sea. Five other Jap torpedo planes that attempted to attack our carrier were also destroyed. Altogether, a total of 72 Jap planes that tried to retaliate were shot down by the Navy’s surface craft and fighter planes. 12 15 43 C7188
1 25 U.S. Cargo Ship Hit by Nazi Dive Bomber / This startling photo, snapped by a Coast Guard photographer during the invasion of Sicily, has just been released by the censor. A German plane scored a direct hit on the vessel, setting it afire. The flames spread rapidly to the ship’s munition supply, with devastating effect. Out of the 3000-odd invasion craft that participated, only 6 ships were lost … a remarkable tribute to thorough Allied planning and performance. 9 3 43 C7099
1 26 Planes and Airviews / (1) Some of the 350 Marauder bombers that attacked Nazi E-boat pens in Holland. (2) Liberator on mission flies over Makin Island. (3) General Eisenhower christens plane named in his honor. (4) The Constellation, world’s largest land transport plane, crosses U.S., covering 2,308 miles in 6 hours, 58 minutes. (5) New Tri-Metrogon (triple) camera in high-flying Army plane snapped these three photos which have been combined into a single strip. Center is a “straight-down” view while ends of picture are oblique views, all snapped at the same time. Composite photo shows 50-mile strip of hitherto “orphan” and unknown Arctic territory in North Alaska. 4 20 44 C7296
1 27 Navy Sidelights in the Pacific / (1) During the fighting in the Gilbert Islands area, it was necessary to transfer Rear Admiral B.W. Radford, USN, from a destroyer to an aircraft carrier. This is how it was done. (2) Chief Petty Officer Joseph Hayden, who used to cater for [a] chain of restaurants in Massachusetts, runs the only hamburger stand in the South Pacific combat zone. The Marines discovered a herd of cattle on the island … that’s where the fresh meat comes from. (3) Once a sleepy little tourist town, Noumea, New Caledonia, is now a hive of activity. These quonset huts are used by the U.S. Navy as headquarters. (4) Odd human-interest scene on Tarawa after bloody invasion battle … Marine shares his water with a kitten. 12 23 43 C7194
1 28 In the Pacific War Zone / (1) One of the reasons why the Jap air force couldn’t stop invasion of the Marshalls. Series of American bomber attacks wrecked Jap planes and air strip on Engebi Island of Eniwetok Atoll. (2) Row of splashes amid Jap shipping marks passage of Navy bombers overhead during one of “softening” raids on Kwajalein. (3) Units of U.S. task force shown at anchor in Kwajalein Lagoon after we subdued the Japs. (4) Map indicates important island bases that are stepping stones to Japan itself. 2 19 44 C7244
1 29 World’s Most Bombed City / Never before has a city the size of Hamburg suffered such a terrific pounding. Allied bombers staged 9 raids on the important target in 10 days. Following a series of “blanket” bombings which rendered Hamburg useless as a military, manufacturing, or shipping center, the 8th U.S. Air Force planes flew over to “pin-point” bomb any objectives that had been missed. A pall of smoke still hangs over the city as American bombers blast the submarine shipyards. 8 5 43 C7073
1 30 First Photos of Marshalls Invasion / (1) Assault boats and “alligators” reach the beach of Enubuj Island of the Kwajalein Atoll at low tide to bring men and equipment of the Seventh Division ashore. (2) American troops landing tanks, trucks, oil drums, ammunition and supplies. (3) This view on Namur illustrates effectiveness of pre-invasion bombardment by American planes and ships. Note wrecked blockhouse in background. (4) A Marine searches through the debris of what once was a Japanese food dump.  2 9 44 C7235
1 31 Learning How to Escape from Sinking Plane / (1) The “Dilbert Dunker,” a mock plane deriving its name from “Dilbert,” proverbial cadet who always does things wrong, is being used at Naval Air Training Center, Corpus Christi, Texas. (2) “Dilbert Dunker” is dropped into swimming pool. (3) Now thoroughly “dunked,” the cadets have 25 seconds in which to salvage equipment, abandon the sinking plane, and inflate their “Mae Wests.” (4) Climbing aboard life raft which has been inflated. (5) Official Navy photo of actual rescue of three U.S. airmen after their plane had been shot down by Japs in the Pacific. 12 16 43 C7189
1 32 Signing Four-Power Pact in Moscow / This historic photo arrived in the U.S. in the same plane that brought back Secretary of State Hull. Pictured signing the pact which will enhance the effectiveness of Allied military coalition are, left to right: Fu-Ping Sheung, Chinese Ambassador to Russia; Secretary of State Cordell Hull; Vyacheslav M. Molotov, Soviet Foreign Commissar; and Anthony Eden, British Foreign Secretary. 11 12 43 C7160
2 33 Normandie on Way to Drydock / The salvaged liner Normandie, now officially known as the U.S.S. Lafayette, is shown being pulled down the Hudson River on the way to a drydock where the ship will be repaired and refitted for duty on the high seas as a Navy transport. A total of 15 tugboats towed and nudged the giant ship along as she left her pier for the first time in 4 years. 11 5 43 C7154
2 34 Testing Big Gun without Firing Shells / An outstanding contribution of the automobile industry to the production of armament is this device which by means of compressed air duplicates conditions resulting from actually discharging the gun. The device was developed to save ammunition and to eliminate the need for a firing range. This view in the Fisher Body Pontiac Division of G.M.C. shows a five-inch naval gun and the compressed air apparatus which tests the kick, rammer, and related parts of the weapon. 12 25 43 C7196
2 35 Ocean Views / (1) Porthole view of an invasion in the Pacific. This picture was snapped from a U.S. Coast Guard manned combat transport. Landing craft are circling, awaiting orders to come alongside the ship to pick up troops and equipment. (2) Depth charge from subchaser blasts high as constant vigil against U-boats is maintained. (3) Man wearing asbestos gloves catches hot shell case as it is ejected from gun aboard a sub-killing D.E. boat. “Hot ones” must be caught and stacked to keep them from rolling around on deck. (4) It’s hard to walk on a carrier, not to mention taking off, when the ship travels through rough waters. Planes are securely “anchored” to the deck.  1 15 44 C7214
2 36 Here and There with Our Boys / (1) Officials lift censorship and allow first close-up of the huge swinging doors of a LST (landing-ship-tank) boat. These craft have seen action in a number of amphibious operations. (2) Americans make themselves at home in hospital abandoned by Japs on Kiska. (3) Not a feather-bed, but these soldiers are enjoying some much-needed sleep [in a trench hole] on New Georgia Island. (4) American wounded being taken on barge to a hospital ship off shore somewhere in the South Pacific, (5) This cemetery on Attu shows what it cost in American lives to recapture that vital island base. (6) Marines of an Engineering Battalion enjoy a swim beside a bridge they put up in the South Pacific while a machine gunner (foreground) keeps a sharp eye for possible Jap snipers or patrols.   9 28 43 C7120
2 37 Springboard to Tokyo / Left: View of the tent city on Attu Island shows remarkable progress made by Americans since the Japs were ousted. Many of the construction workers are the same men who drove the Japs out. Other workers are the clever Seebees of the Navy. Right: Making an operational ramp as the permanent base is being rushed to completion at Attu. The labor battalions call the various roads they are building “The Toyko Trail.” 7 30 43 C7069
2 38 Views from Various War Zones / (1) Americans who wiped out Nazi radio station and weather base on island off coast of Greenland, examine some of equipment left behind by fleeing Germans. Two men were captured. (2) Jap cruiser and other warships in Rabaul Harbor are pictured during attack by U.S. planes. (3) Americans look over German rocket captured during Sicilian campaign. Rocket is fired directly from crate in which it is shipped. (4) High-test gasoline in drums is unloaded from landing craft at hidden jungle base of PT-boat flotilla “somewhere in New Guinea.” The hard-hitting PT boats go out on nightly raids against Jap installations and shipping.  11 11 43 C7169
2 39 News Views, at Home and Abroad / (1) With guns ready for instant action, American troops move through the ruins of Castelforte shortly after the Nazis were driven out of the stronghold. (2) Crowd of 60,000 braved heavy downpour to attend “I Am An American Day” festival in Chicago. (3) Ensign R. Black climbs from his shattered plane after remarkable landing on an aircraft carrier. His craft was badly damaged over Palau. While landing on flattop, plane hit gun turret, shearing off wing and tail. Black sustained only a few scratches. (4) Army’s new 4.7 inch anti-aircraft gun is equipped with an automatic loading mechanism that is made by Fisher Body Division of G.M. Loader and rammer permit rapid firing at any angle. 5 23 44 C7324
2 40 Hats Off to Army’s Engineers and Navy’s Seabees / (1) A little thing like a capsized ship doesn’t stand in the way of the U.S. Army engineers. In Naples harbor they transformed the overturned craft into a pier at which all 5 hatches of a Liberty ship can be unloaded at the same time. (2) After the Navy’s Seabees built this road on Bougainville and named it the “Marine Drive Hi-Way,” the Marines returned the compliment by putting up the sign pictured above: [So when we reach the/”Isle of Japan”/With our caps at a/jaunty tilt/We’ll enter the city of Tokyo/On the roads the Seabees/built.] Chief Boatswain’s Mate E.J. Cobb (left) from Michigan and Marine Cpl. C.L. Marshall from Arkansas are shaking hands. (3) American Negro soldiers, attached to the Engineers Division, work on muddy section of Ledo road in North Burma. Road will be surfaced with crushed stone. 3 29 44 C7277
2 41 Covering the Theaters of War / (1) Giant Nazi 6-motored transport plane is straddled by stream of cannon shells just before it was downed by an R.A.F. Marauder near Cape Corse, Corisca. Machine guns fired from windows of Nazi plane indicate craft was carrying troops. (2) Smoke rises from Nazi aircraft factories at Kassel, Germany, as Flying Fortresses wing their way back to England after successful bombing mission. (3) U.S. Army Liberator (upper left), one of several that made raid, is pictured over the Jap-held Wake Island base. (4) American soldier makes himself comfortable in Japanese machine gun nest captured in New Guinea near Salamau. 8 11 43 C7078
2 42 Dog Heroes Serving with the Marines on Bougainville / (1) Jack, 3-year-old Belgian shepherd donated for war service by Joseph Verhaeghs of New Rochelle, N.Y., was carrying vital message when he was wounded in the back by a Jap sniper. He carried the message through, however, and was recently commended for his outstanding performance. (2) Caesar, 3-year-old German shepherd, donated by Max Glazer of New York, saved the life of Pfc. Rufus Mayo with whom he was spending the night in a foxhole. Caesar attacked a Jap who was sneaking toward the foxhole. Caesar was shot twice during the fight but has fully recovered. (3) Jack, 2-year-old Doberman pinscher, donated by Mrs. Carrie M. Pace of Johnson City, Tenn., sniffed out a Jap sniper at night in a tree and “told” his handler about it. The boys “took care” of the sniper in the morning. (2 copies of caption strip) 4 27 44 C7302
2 43 Views of Battle Fronts / (1) This apparently peaceful Italian landscape was snapped from an American observation plane. The letter A indicated Mt. Trocchio. B is the town of Cassino at the foot of the mountain on which is seen the famous Montecassino Monastery (white building C). The arrow indicates the road to Rome. (2) Americans on reconnaissance patrol in the Bougainville jungle keep their rifles ready for split-second action. Any tree, fern, or vine may hide a Jap sniper here. (3) A mixed patrol of Americans, British, Chinese, and Kachin natives is pictured moving along a stream in Burma in search of Japs. Main force follows far behind patrol. 2 11 44 C7237
2 44 Driving Ahead in Italy / (1) Pictured while within enemy artillery range on the Italian front, left to right: an unidentified officer, Lieutenant General Clark, General Eisenhower, and Vice Admiral H.K. Hewitt, Commander of U.S. Naval forces in the Mediterranean area. (2) A jeep carrying American soldiers passes burning enemy vehicle as Nazis are pushed back. (3) A knocked-out German tank. U.S. soldier on the alert is shown advancing. (4) U.S. planes do an excellent job of pinpoint bombing to wreck railway yards at Pisa without damaging the famous landmark, the leaning tower of Pisa. Tower is indicated by arrow and circle. 9 23 43 C7116
2 45 Death Dives of Fortresses / These photos show part of the price we paid for one of our recent devastating air attacks upon Germany. Left: A burning Flying Fortress can be seen coming down with smoke trailing from the fuselage and with part of the tail shot away. Meanwhile, other bombers unreel trails of vapor enroute [sic] to the Nazi target. Right: Spinning helplessly out of control, with the entire tail assembly shot away, another Fortress leaves a trail of bits of wreckage while plunging earthward. 12 31 43 C7201
2 46 Spring Training in the Snow / The rest of the U.S. is beginning to enjoy warm spring weather, but the soldiers who are training 12,000 feet up in the Rockies near Camp Hale, Colorado, still have to wear heavy garb. Left: Men from an artillery division prepare to observe direction and velocity of wind currents. A balloon is released and its course is observed through the theodolite. The information is phoned to the plotting board at the artillery command post. Right: Wearing a mask as protection against the cold, a soldier stands on duty beside a .50 caliber machine gun during mountain maneuvers. 5 5 44 C7309
2 47 A Hit and a Miss / (1) Photographer happened to be pointing camera toward Pvt. H.C. Connell of Columbus, Georgia, just as he was hit in the hip by a Jap sniper’s bullet on Bougainville. Connell cried out and grabbed hip, then began to edge his way toward cover. Medical corpsmen heard the call and found him quickly. (2) In a nearby underground surgery station, Connell was immediately made ready for an operation. As soon as anesthetic took effect, bullet was removed. (3) Marine Corporal Harvey L. Beasley of Florida had a close call when a piece of shrapnel tore a hole in his trousers during the Cape Gloucester invasion. 3 15 44 C7265
2 48 Heaving Deck Spoils Take-off / (1) Plane piloted by Lieut. J.R. Brownstein of Chicago spins sharply over side of deck as aircraft carrier pitches in heavy sea somewhere in the North Atlantic. (2) Plane crashes into water. Pilot quickly works himself out of cockpit. (3) As craft starts to sink, pilot (arrow) inflates his “Mae West” life jacket and climbs over top. (4) Awaiting rescue by a nearby destroyer. 1 28 44 C7225
2 49 Scene of Beauty in an Ocean of Strife / It isn’t very often that a U.S. Marine Corps combat photographer has a chance to snap such a picture of peace and beauty in the South Pacific. The “camera fan’s dream” shown above was made by Corporal David Ohman of Cloquet, Minnesota, as the Marines made an unopposed landing recently on Emirau Island in the St. Matthias Group, north of New Ireland. 5 17 44 C7319
2 50 New Ideas in Transportation / Left: This is not a circus stunt! The replacement each week of nearly 400 burned out light bulbs in the 8½ miles of “galleries” or tunnelways inside the mammoth Grand Coulee Dam is made easy for Bureau of Reclamation electricians by the use of this strange contraption… a man-sized tricycle built for two. Right: The jeep, already famous for its many varied uses, now can take on the role of a railroad car. Flanged metal wheels, easily and quickly attached, permit the car to ride the rails.  4 13 44 C7??? [partly obliterated]
2 51 Sea-sick Machine Does Its Bit for Victory / This contraption at Camp Edwards, Mass., can reproduce the roll, pitch and yaw of a boat. The soldiers who took the sea-sick tests deserve high praise. As a result of extensive experiments, doctors formulated special capsules to prevent “motion-sickness,” as it is called. The capsules are given to invasion troops an hour and a half before they embark. 7 29 43 C7067
2 52 Trojans Upset Huskies in Grid Classic / In the action pictured above, Al Akins, star halfback of Washington University, missed the hole in the line opened up by Bill Ward (#15) and was tackled by Bill Gray (#50) of the University of Southern California. Before a crowd of 65,000 fans in the Rose Bowl at Pasadena, U.S.C. staged an upset by defeating the Huskies, 29-0.  1 4 44 C7204
2 53 Ready to “Dish It Out” to Nazis / Inspecting an armored formation in Yorkshire, England, Prime Minister Winston Churchill rides in a half-track past an imposing row of Sherman tanks as bereted crews stand at attention before their vehicles. Sights like this are now common along the English countryside as the greatest force the world has ever seen is poised for the attack upon the continent. 4 15 144 C7292
2 54 Resting Between “Rounds” / Sgt. Joe Louis (extreme right), world’s heavyweight champion, is shown stretched out for a rest in a water-filled trench at The Chemical Warfare Training Center, Camp Sibert, Ala., where he is temporarily stationed. He and his companions have just been through one of the tough conditioning courses, crawling under live machine gun fire, through mud and barbed wire. 3 4 44 C7256
2 55 Sports Personalities / (1) Former welterweight champion Mickey Walker, once known as the “toy bulldog of the prize ring,” is shown working on an oil painting at his home in Elizabeth, N.J. Mickey is displaying a lot of talent in his new hobby. (2) Ted Williams, former slugger of the Red Sox, is now working for his wings at the Naval Air Training Center, Pensacola, Florida. (3) Coast Guardsman Lew Jenkins, former lightweight champ, is now a Seaman, First Class. He took part in the tough invasion battle at Salerno. (4) Willie Hoppe (left), 56-year-old cue wizard who defeated Welker Cochran (center) 2,150 to 1,941 in cross-country marathon 3-cushion match, watches closely as Andrew Ponzi (right), pocket billiard champ, makes tough shot. 1 29 44 C7226
2 56 [no caption sheet]. Four images show: [(1) general store interior with soldier and townspeople including a child; (2) country-side war-time bomb damage; (3) forest war-time bomb damage; and (4) a crew cleaning up after bomb damage. [not present] [not present]
2 57 Jungle Warfare at Cape Gloucester, New Britain / (1) Only their ammunition and rifles remain dry as these U.S. Marines push ahead to their next objective following their landing on the west tip of New Britain. The Marines take jungle swamps and muddy streams in their stride. (2) Led by tanks, fighting Leathernecks advance against Jap pillbox in battle for Cape Gloucester airfield. An American bomb made a large crater, the edge of which can be seen in foreground. (3) Marines examine abandoned Jap equipment. Jungle growth was shredded by U.S. barrage. (4) Major General W.H. Rupertus, puts mud on his aching feet after inspection of fighting front. 1 20 44 C7218
2 58 From the Cameraman’s News Views / (1) Dramatic photo snapped by “on-the-spot” cameraman shows four persons struggling in the icy waters of the Passaic River after they escaped from bus that broke through guard rail and plunged to the bottom of the river. Another person can be seen clinging to piling at lower left. Death toll is believed to be about twenty. (2) Vehicles of Allied Fifth Army are shown entering wrecked town of Cassino after record bombardment by planes and artillery. (3) Interior of medical tent near front lines at Anzio beachhead. Ground is dug out to give patients protection from the blasts of enemy shells. 3 22 44 C7271
2 59 Allies Heading Toward Rome / (1) Photo made during battle shows American infantryman aiming rifle through window of battered building as Allies mopped up Nazi snipers in Cisterna. (2) Another radiophoto shows soldiers of Eighth Army advancing cautiously through ruins of Aquino in search for snipers after the town capitulated to the Allies. (3) Map shows terrain from Anzio to Rome. (4) Main roads along which Allies are battling Nazis. Arrow shows entrance to Rome. Latest reports from front indicate that Allies are 16 miles from outskirts of “Eternal City.” 6 1 44 C7332
2 60 Army Test Pilot Dives Planes at 780 M.P.H. / Lieut. Col. Cass S. Hough, 36, of U.S. Army Air Forces received the Distinguished Flying Cross for his remarkable performance that increased the usefulness of two types of combat planes. During a test flight in England he took a twin-motored P-38 Lightning up to 43,000 feet and nosed it into a power dive for 25,000 feet, attaining a speed of more than 780 m.p.h. He also went up to 39,000 feet in a single-motored P-47 Thunderbolt and power dived to 18,000 feet, again attaining the same phenomenal speed. Lieut. Col. Hough comes from Plymouth, Michigan, where he has a wife and two children. 8 12 43 C7079
2 61 U.S. Bomber Crashes after Collision with Zero / A column of water and smoke can be seen far below where a U.S. Army Liberator crashed during a raid on Wake Island, now occupied by Japs. A Zero that had been hit by our gunfire got out of control and collided with the bomber. One of the Liberators of the formation can be seen flying back to an Allied base after the successful raid. 8 6 43 C7074
2 62 Here and There in the News / (1) Following a wave of general sabotage, and open defiance by the Danish Navy that bravely scuttled most of its ships, King Christian (pictured as he reviewed his troops recently) has been arrested by the Nazis. (2) Grumman torpedo bombers flown by U.S. Marine pilots over Munda, now an American base for further operations against the Japs. (3) After mysterious death of King Boris, Crown Prince Simeon, now 6 years old, becomes King of Bulgaria. (4) Mrs. Roosevelt inspects honor guard of natives during visit to Fiji Islands. (5) New carrier Hornet, to replace the lost Hornet, is launched at Newport News, Va. (6) Jap machine gun found on Kiska is tried out by an American. 3 21 44 C7270
2 63 “Now Under New Management” / Top: Section of waterfront area and harbor installations at Palermo, Sicily, shown outlined by a rising smoke screen four minutes after the start of a protection demonstration by U.S. Army’s chemical warfare service. Ten minutes later the whole area was completely covered, making it impossible for enemy bombers to locate their targets. Below: Wrecked Jap ship resting on bottom of Kiska Harbor now serves as living quarters for U.S. forces. There’s plenty of water in the “cellar” but the upper compartments are dry and comfortable. Note string of Navy barges at side of ship. 9 29 43 C7121
2 64 One of Objectives in the Marshalls / This photo of Taroa Island snapped during one of the numerous “softening-up” attacks by American bombers illustrates the extent to which the Japanese developed and fortified the Marshall Islands while governing them for over 20 years under a League of Nations mandate, supposedly for peaceful purposes. Note the big “X” airfield. Taroa is the main island of the Maloelap Atoll, one of the objectives of the current invasion. 2 3 44 C7230
2 65 Something to Get Their Minds Off the War / You can’t blame the boys for wanting to forget it when they can, and mascots offer some diversion. (1) British Tommies, on a coast-to-coast tour of the U.S. to demonstrate anti-aircraft methods, pose with Curly at Camp Davis, N.C. (2) Jinx, mascot at U.S. Army Air Base, near Dalhart, Texas, dons altitude flying “uniform.” This “puss-in-boots” has many flying hours to her credit. (3) Uso (pronounced You-so) is a permanent guest at the USO Club, Portsmouth, Va. A sailor brought the cat in, paid for her night’s lodging, but hasn’t called for the cat yet. (4) American soldiers on way to Sicily eat canned rations, but mascot with lifejacket isn’t interested. He wants a bone. 8 7 43 C7075
Last Updated: November 7, 2014