Annotated Bibliography of Selected New York State Maps: 1793-1900

Jo Margaret Mano

This project was supported by a New York State Library Research Residency Award.

Table of Contents

New York Cartography in the Nineteenth Century

The mapping of New York State from 1784 to 1900 reflects the nationwide development of a uniquely American school of cartography, the changing focus and technology of mapping, and the initial influence of Simeon DeWitt, the State's first surveyor-general.

The cartographic style that developed in the new United States was based primarily on a European military tradition, adapted to rapid production, with feature depiction limited by a scarcity of accurate locations and data. In the nineteenth century American cartography was produced primarily by the private sector, leading to an initial wide variety of subjects, symbols and scales. Atlases, pocket map guides, legislative maps, urban perspectives and plans, county maps represent somewhat separate traditions. Map production responded to pressing needs, particularly transportation information: canal maps in the 1820's and 1830's, railroad maps and travellers' guides from the 1830's to the turn of the century, large scale county maps in the mid 1800s, cyclists' and thematic (economic and geological) maps by the 1890's. Scales were anything but standard. Some conventions became established through copying, always a factor in cartographic history. Simeon DeWitt's 1802 New York map was sent to all the State governors, providing a style prototype. A far greater influence in standardization was the original concentration of cartographic production in a small area of Philadelphia, capital of the new nation from 1790 to 1800. Beginning in the 1830's, the influence of mass distribution by major commercial publishers also had an impact, although individuals and small companies continued to make contributions in style and technology.

Philadelphia was the center of nineteenth century cartographic production in the United States. Unlike the London publishing houses with all the activities centered in one firm, the Philadelphia-dominated American trade often jobbed out engraving, printing and coloring to local independent artisans. The trade was located within a few blocks and engravers typically worked on a freelance basis, some with long productive associations with a particular cartographer and/or publisher, others for only a brief period. The information about many mapmakers, particularly in the first half of the century, is fragmentary or non-existent. Thus, documenting their work and the relationships between cartographers, engravers and publishers must often rely on the maps themselves. In contrast, data on major figures in either engraving or publishing are more substantial, if only because of the testimony of credits and imprints. While Philadelphia was the major center for map engravers and publishers, Boston was also an early node. New York City rapidly increased in importance after 1850 and Chicago's rise to prominence began towards the end of the nineteenth century. Within New York State, Albany, Utica, Syracuse and Buffalo were also centers for map production.

Copper engraving, invented in Europe in the mid-fifteenth century, was the preferred method for cartographic printing for four centuries. Maps were reversed on a soft copper plate and the original engraved to produce a backwards-reading intaglio template. When ink was applied, it remained in the grooves of the plate, and then was absorbed when dampened paper was pressed over the copper plate to produce a map. The process enabled clear maps with fine detail, and copper plates could be easily re-engraved to make corrections. However, the soft copper did not withstand the wear of the printing press, and limited the number of copies produced to a maximum of about a thousand impressions.

Engraving was highly skilled, tedious and expensive, and the original cartography often suffered in the translation from mapmaker to engraver through errors and omissions. Steel plate engraving was developed in the United States during the first decade of the nineteenth century for engraving bank notes, after copper proved impracticable, and a process for softening the hard steel by decarbonization was invented. The steel engraving technique for maps was used mainly by publishers S. Augustus Mitchell and J. H. Colton. Lithography was a much cheaper reproduction process, involving the chemical separation of water and greasy ink on a flat surface, rather than physical separation with the map being incised (engraved) or raised (woodcut). The orginal map was transferred to a lithographic stone using a greasy crayon or ink, washed, printing ink applied and the image transferred to paper. Invented in France in 1804, lithography was not widely used until the mid-nineteenth century in the United States. Although cheaper, and more accurate in reproducing the cartographer's original, the quality was inferior to copper engraving. Confusion between these two methods is made more complex because the term "engraved" was sometimes applied to lithographic copies of engravings, so only the press marks on engravings can be used as proof of that reproduction technique. Wax engraving (cerography) and electrotyping, invented by SIdney Morse and first used in 1839, produced a cheaper but poorer quality reproduction than copper engraving or lithography. After 1870, color reproduction using chromolithography was introduced, particularly for perspective city plans. The Chicago-based Rand McNally company began publishing railroad maps and guides using cerography in 1871, swiftly expanding into atlas production including pocket versions, to challenge the dominance of Philadelphia's publishers by the turn of the century.

At the close of the Revolutionary period, the cartographic record consisted mainly of small scale North American maps, particularly of the north-eastern seaboard, and large scale campaign sketch maps produced by both the British and American forces. In the colonial period, and during the Revolution, the vast majority of North American maps were published in Europe, mainly by the British and French. Significant contributions were made in colonial mapping by Henry Popple (17331), Lewis Evans (17492 and 17553), Joshua Fry and Peter Jefferson (17514) and particularly John Mitchell (17555)whose map was consulted in negotiating peace in 1782 and 1783. Samuel Holland and William Gerhard De Brahm, appointed respectively in 1764 as Surveyor-General in the northern and southern North American districts, provided additional material in updating British maps through surveys of land areas. Features in coastal regions were detailed in the London published The English Pilot and Atlantic Neptune. A major London publisher was Thomas Jefferys, appointed Geographer to the King by George III in 1760. Jefferys' publishing firm produced many of the maps and atlases used by both sides in the Revolution, including Claude Sauthier's 1776 6 revision of Holland's 1768 7 map of New York and New Jersey. After his death in 1771, Jefferys' associates, Robert Sayer and Willam Faden, continued British publication of atlases and maps using the most recent information gleaned from campaigns during the war.

During the Revolutionary struggle, the Americans were seriously hampered by their need to rely on European maps. George Washington complained "the want of accurate maps of the Country which has hitherto been the Scene of the War, has been a great disadvantage to me. I have in vain endeavored to procure them and have been obliged to make shift, with such Sketches, as I could trace from my own Observations and that of Gentlemen around me." 8 In 1777, Washington appointed Scottish-born Robert Erskine, with the support of Congress, to the position of geographer and surveyor general to the Continental army. Among the first of Eskine's assistants was Simeon DeWitt, born in Wawarsing, Ulster County, a nephew of James Clinton. DeWitt was part of the team of surveyors and draftsmen that provided reconnaissance sketches to guide the Revolutionary campaign. Erskine died in 1780 and DeWitt succeeded him. After the Revolution, Dewitt petitioned Congress twice to sponsor the production of new American maps, integrating the survey information acquired during the war, but lack of funds prevented their support. In 1784, frustrated by the inability of the new federal government to provide either a commitment to the mapping project or payment for his military service, DeWitt accepted the post of Surveyor-General to his native state--New York.

One of the primary tasks facing the new republic was the accurate measurement and survey of land, especially since veterans who served the length of the war had been promised land for military service. Simeon DeWitt's two major tasks in the immediate post war period were surveying the boundary between Pennsylvania and New York, and supervising the division of the western part of New York State into townships. The township surveys were used by DeWitt in compiling a map of the north-central part of New York State in 1792, the first sheet of a six sheet map completed in 1802. The information used to produce this map drew on campaign sketches, the boundary survey, published maps and material gathered by Dewitt from individual township officials. The 1802 New York Map demonstrates DeWitt's skill in the perspective portayal of relief features. In 1803, the New York State Senate resolved that a copy of the map, one of the first American-produced officially-sponsored state maps should be sent to each State governor. A 1804 reduction of the map was DeWitt's last direct cartographic contribution, but he continued to supervise state mapping projects including the 1811 plan for New York City and the surveys for the Erie canal, until his death in 1834.

DeWitt provided official sponsorship and supervision in the production of David H. Burr's map and Atlas of the State of New York, dated 1829, but probably not published until early in 1830 when DeWitt reported on their completion to the legislature.9 The Atlas contains fifty-two maps, detailing for each county roads, rivers, canals, railroads, settlements, churches, mills, forges and manufactories, swamps, some relief (depicted by hachures) and occasional references to land ownership and historic events. In compiling the cartographic material, circular letters were sent to the supervisors of each town to request corrections of draft maps. A revised and updated edition of the Atlas was published in 1839, with agents providing local field-checking. The 1829 edition was engraved by Rawdon, Clark and Company of New York City and Albany, while the 1839 edition credits Stone and Clark of Ithaca as "Republishers." Burr's Atlas was the second American state atlas, Robert Mills having produced the Atlas of the State of South Carolina in 1825. New York was unusual in providing state support for this mapping project. During the first hundred years after the Revolution, most of the maps in the United States were produced by independent cartographers and small commercial publishers. Some maps were drawn, engraved and published by individuals, often trained in other professions. While some projects enjoyed official encouragement and occasional financial assistance, many others were undertaken at personal risk.

While Simeon DeWitt's 1802 map and David Burr's 1829 Atlas marked milestones in New York cartography during the early decades of the nineteenth century, several independent cartographers also produced maps. Apart from their names, little else is known of these mapmakers. Amos Lay published large maps of parts or all New York State between 1801 and 1826, compiled with some information from his own surveys and probably engraved by him. William McCalpin produced a pocket atlas in 1808. John H. Eddy published large scale maps in 1811 and 1818, engraved by Tanner and Vallance of Philadelphia. D. H. Vance drew an even more detailed map, published in 1823, of the western part of the State. Vance later drew plates for Anthony Finley's New American Atlas Designed Principally to Illustrate the Geography of the United States of North America, published in Philadelphia in 1826.

Small scale maps of New York State appeared in various atlases or pocket versions and in gazetteers. Matthew Carey of Philadelphia was the first American to continue the tradition of Jeffreys' London publishing house in producing maps which could be bound as atlases, or interleaved in books. In 1794 Carey's local engravers redrew seven maps from the English Atlas to Guthrie's System of Geography , showing areas involved in Napoleon's campaigns, which combined with sixteen American maps was published as A General Atlas of the Present War . These maps formed the bulk of Carey's American Atlas, the earliest published in the United States, which appeared in 1795 with a second edition in 1809. His American Pocket Atlas, published in 1796, was reissued in 1801, 1805, 1813 and 1814. Editions of 1816 and 1817 carry the imprint of Carey and Warner. Fielding Lucas also drew and published several atlases of state maps in Philadelphia between 1817 and 1830. Other small scale maps appeared in guides, such as Spafford's Gazatteer, which noted key facts on specific places.

The period from 1820 to 1840 is rightly known as the golden age of U. S. cartography, and marked the zenith of copper engraving as a method of reproducing maps. Commercial map publishers included every scale of production from single issue enterpreneurs to major companies. The mapping of New York State reflected this continuum, in volume and in focus. Local production of state maps and guides continued, but in terms of volume they were overshadowed by the mass production methods employed by the publishing firms of S. Augustus Mitchell of Philadelphia and Joseph H. Colton of New York City. These two companies dominated general map and atlas publishing from the early 1830s until about 1890, pioneering new and cheaper ways of producing maps, including steel engraving. At the height of its productivity, Mitchell's company reportedly employed over 250 people and published more than four thousand items a year.

Mitchell's first publication, A New American Atlas (1831) was a reprinted version of Anthony Findley's 1826 atlas. Engraver J.H. Young's name was retained in this edition, but cartographer D.H. Vance's credit was removed and decorative borders added. Young drew and engraved on steel United States maps, individual states including New York, as well asTravellers Guide versions which were folded into a pocket atlas format and included lists of steamboat and canal routes and selected statistics. Augustus Mitchell, who was a businessman rather than a cartographer, reprinted these maps for decades with only minor additions or corrections. Mitchell's son, J. Augustus Jr. took over the firm in 1860, and continued publishing editions of the New General Atlas until 1887.

Joseph Hutchings Colton, like Mitchell, excelled in business management, and acquiring copyrights of previously published maps. His first product was an 1833 reprint of David Burr's 1830 map of New York State, re-engraved by Samuel Stiles. Stiles also engraved the 1834 version of Burr's New York City map, originally published by John Disturnell as part of the guidebook New-York As It Is in 1833. Colton reprinted several other Burr maps, including not only New York but also Ohio, which were reissued for more than two decades. From 1850 to 1887, a major speciality of the Colton firm was the production of pocket railroad maps and guides, used by the flood of new immigrants. Colton's sons, G.W and C.B. Colton became active in the business by 1855, when the firm's first atlas-- Colton's Atlas of the World was published. A smaller, less expensive version titled Colton's General Atlas (1857) used the same maps and was reprinted through 1874. The Coltons also published several other atlases in the 1860's. Their last work, A Complete Ward Atlas of New York City, appeared in 1892. The closure of the Colton company may have been caused by an unwillingness to change from steel engraving and lithography to the more popular wax engraving technique.

Travellers' guides to the state or linear maps of the Hudson River corridor were produced not only by Mitchell and Colton, but locally by William Cammeyer (1829), William Williams (1827 to 1843), William Guild (1854), J.T. Lloyd (1864), William Link (1878) and William Wade (1845), whose vignettes appeared in wall maps as well as a strip map with panoramic views of the Hudson shore. Common additions to pocket travellers' guides were steamboat and stage routes, canal profiles and distances between places. Later in the century, railroad routes displaced canal information as primary features.

Annual editions of the New York State Legislative Manual also contained maps documenting canal and railroad progress, identifing places and post offices and showing state political divisions. Some of these maps were produced by the State Engineering Division, mapped by state surveyors and typically drawn by state draftsmen. David Vaughn was a prolific Albany draftsman who also executed many large scale canal maps. Weed and Parsons lithographed and published these maps in Albany from about 1865 to 1880. In the last decades of the century, insert maps to the Legislative Manual were published by the national firms of Colton and Rand McNally.

Besides Colton, John Disturnell was another New York City publisher who began producing maps and guidebooks in the 1830's, and published jointly in the late 1840's with Henry S. Tanner, a prolific engraver and publisher who had moved from Philadelphia after more than three decades of cartographic production. Other firms and individuals located in New York City producing maps of the state, as well as guides to the city during the mid-1800's included Humphrey Phelps, Charles Magnus, J. Calvin Smith, Horace Thayer, H.H. Lloyd, Julius Bien and Ensign, Bridgman and Fanning. These firms were among the few producing city maps. In the early decades of the century only Boston, Philadelphia and New York City were large enough to justify economic return in publishing urban maps. When lithography made reproduction cheaper after the 1830's, firms such as Currier and Ives joined Smith, Disturnell, Tanner and R. P. Smith in the field. Annual versions of David T. Valentine's New York City Manual, issued from 1842-1866 also contained maps. A major resource in urban cartography for over fifty years from 1867 was produced by the Sandborn Map Company, founded by D. A. Sandborn in New York City, which published fire insurance maps detailing structures by construction and use. These nationwide data are invaluable in reconstructing economic shifts within urban places.

Panoramic maps or "bird's eye views" first produced in the 1830's, became highly popular in the 1880's with the rise of civic boosterism in the American West. Between five to six thousand of these views were produced by a handful of artists: Adam Beck, Lucien Burleigh, Oakley H. Bailey, Thaddeus Fowler, Clemons J. Pauli, Albert Ruger, Joseph Stoner and Henry Wellge.

Maps of towns and cities also appeared as insets on large county wall maps. These large scale county maps and the county atlases are an important source of geographic information for New York State in the mid-1800s.10 The lithographed large scale maps included illustrations of prominent local buildings, cadastral plats of communities and lists of businesses. Beginning in the late 1840's the New York Agricultural Societies began promoting large scale county map projects. Several of these wall-hanging county maps were subsequently published by Robert Pearsall Smith of Philadelphia, who conceived a plan to use these and other commissioned county maps to prepare a revised, geodetically correct map of the State in the Burr Atlas tradition. The plan involved distribution of local county and State maps to schools for educational purposes. When the New York Legislature failed to provide financial support after a series of petitions and bills in 1853, Smith and John Homer French published privately in Syracuse a New York gazetteer and map in 1859, a work which includes a long list of supervisors, surveyors, statisticians and engravers who collaborated in the project.

The material from these maps provided much of the information for the New York county atlases published by the Beers family in New York City and Philadelphia between 1865-1876. The atlas format was more manageable and durable than the wall maps. Before 1870, the New York county atlases were usually sold by the publisher or distributor, unlike the later and midwestern atlases which were financed by subscription. Silas and Daniel G. Beers published in Philadelphia until 1868, when Daniel opened a company in New York City. Frederick W. Beers, a cousin, may have taken the firm over in 1870, for imprints suggest Daniel relocated in Philadelphia then, while F. W. Beers continued publishing in New York. The company underwent further changes in name during the mid 1870s to J. B. Beers (Frederick's father), but continued to publish maps, county atlases and histories through the 1880s.

In the last decades of the nineteenth century, commercial map publishing began a westward shift from the east coast centers of Philadelphia and New York City. A prime factor in this movement was the Chicago-based Rand McNally company. William H. Rand and Andrew McNally began by printing guidebooks and railroad tickets, expanding into publishing in 1871 with railway guides. The company used wax engraving which enabled inexpensive reproduction and rapid updating. Rand McNally swiftly expanded from producing railway maps into atlases, national maps and business atlases incorporating railroad information to dominate national cartography by 1900. Issues of Rand McNally Railway Guide published in the early 1870s were illustrated by maps made by the New York firm of Gaylord Watson which produced maps and atlases between 1871 and 1885. The Matthews-Northrup company of Buffalo also published New York state and tourist railway maps in the 1890s.

By the close of the nineteenth century, the federal government had begun systematic topographical survey and mapping with the establishment of the United States Geological Survey, which issued its first map in 1884. The U.S.G.S. instituted accuracy standards, consistent scales and uniform symbols to correct the wide diversity of prior mapping practice, which had been particularly haphazard in older, eastern states like New York. Yet that cartographic diversity also provides a rich legacy of vernacular cultural insights, as varied as the many individuals and companies that mapped nineteenth century New York.

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Endnotes

1 Map of the British Empire in America with the adjacent French and Spanish Settlements thereto...

2 Map of Pensilvania, New Jersey, New York, and the Three Delaware Counties

3 General Map of the British Middle Colonies in America

4 Map of the Inhabited Part of Virginia Containing the Whole Province of Maryland

5 Map of the British and French Dominions in North America

6 A Map of the Province of New York Reduc'd from the large drawing of that Province

7 The Provinces of New York and New Jersey with Part of Pensilvania...

8 George Washington, Writings, ed. John C. Fitzpatrick: Washington, D.C., 1931-44: 7:65.

9 New York, Legislative Documents, 53rd session, vol.2, no.189 (Albany, 1830)

10 Albert Hazen Wright, A Check List of New York State County Maps Published 1779-1945, 1965.


Selected Reference Works

Beck, T. Romeyn. "Eulogium on the Life and Services of Simeon De Witt," Albany, N.Y., 1835.

Cumming, William P. British Maps of Colonial America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1974.

Guthorn, Peter J. American Maps and Mapmakers of the Revolution. Monmouth Beach, N.J.: Freneau Press,1966.

Harley, J. Brian, Petchenik, Barbara Bentz and Towner, Lawrence W. Mapping the American Revolutionary War. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1978.

Reps, John. Views and Viewmakers of Urban America: Lithographs of Towns and Cities in the United States and Canada, 1825-1925. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1984.

Ristow, Walter W. American Maps and Mapmakers : Commercial Cartography in the Nineteenth Century, Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1985.

Stokes, I.N. Phelps. The Iconography of Manhattan Island 1498-1909 New York, 1915, reprint ed., New York: Arno Press, 1967.

Woodward, David (ed.). Five Centuries of Map Printing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1975.

Woodward, David. The All American Map, Wax Engraving and Its Influence on Cartography, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1977.


Annotated Bibliography of Selected New York State Maps: 1793-1900

This selected bibliography includes New York State Library holdings of sheet and roll maps of the whole of New York State, and of some regions larger than counties dating from the period 1793 to 1900. It does not include State or County atlases, or county maps which should be consulted where greater detail is required. The information included is not definitive, and should be updated when additional information becomes available. Any errors and omissions are the sole responsibility of the author and should be brought to the attention of the author and library staff.

Maps present special problems in classification, annotation and documentation, and thus the terminology used here needs to be defined carefully to facilitate map use and understanding. Maps have particular problems in terms of "authorship" and "copyright", for a map may be copied with minor changes and become the "property" of a new author, or the publisher may buy the copyright from the author. In the United States during the nineteenth century the distinction between the cartographer, the engraver and the publisher was particularly blurred. In this bibliography the designation Author is reserved to either the author or publisher of a given map. This distinction is less difficult than distinguishing between the compiler and engraver of a given map. The engraver is identified here by the compression engr. (engraved), and where the compiler is named the term del. is used (derived from the Latin term meaning drawn). However, these terms were sometimes synonymous. Map "copyright" may be retained by the author, or purchased by the publisher. Where authorship is debatable the ? is used to indicate questionable data. The situation for these nineteenth century maps is particularly complex, for the copyright for some maps was sometimes purchased from the author by the publisher, and some publishers also controlled printing, or bought a copyright for subsequent reprinting.

The bibliography lists the items or symbols portrayed in these maps under Keywords-- both those identified in a specific key, and unkeyed symbols. When the map has a key, the listing reads key (with items symbolized in parentheses). Items symbolized but not in the key are included outside the parentheses.

The annotated bibliography lists maps by date (page 14 to page 43) and by author/publisher (page 45 to page 75). Date entries correspond to the New York State Library Map card catalog listing. Date indicates the edition date, with subsequent dates indicating later editions. Copyright dates that differ from the map date are identified. Special features, including edition changes are listed under the main entry. Views, Insets and Inset Maps are also listed separately after the notes for an entry. The index following the bibliography lists symbols and special features by the map number corresponding to the date entry classification.

Format: Entry by Date

Date. Edition date, several dates indicate multiple dated editions.
Copyright date noted separately. ? indicates questionable date.
Author. Author (if known, ? questionable). Engraver. (if known, ? questionable).
Title. Title (as it appears on map).
Size: Reproduction Method (e.g. engraving, lithograph) Colored (tinted)
Map Type: (Atlas page, Roll, Strip Map etc.) Atlas and Page (if applicable)
Place of Publication: Publisher (if known)
Scale: Location of Prime (base) Meridian: (T) Top, (B) Bottom
Notes. Special notations. Edition changes.
Insets: Listing of tables, profiles, statistics included in map.
Inset Map(s): Places shown on inset maps.
Views: Titles of views included on map.
Keywords: Key (indicates the map has a key, items included in parentheses) symbols shown also listed. Inset map(s), View(s).

New York State Maps: 1793-1900: References by Date

1. c1793 (copyright 1793).
DeWitt, Simeon. C. Tiebout, sculp.
DeWitt's State Map of New York (Ist sheet).
Size: 29.5" x 22" Engr.
Albany:
Scale: 1" = approx 6 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
Notations outside border. Copyright date January 1793.
Keywords: roads, town and county boundaries, Indian reservations, some land divisions.
2. 1794.
Morse, Jedidiah. J. Roper, sculp.
A Map of The State of New York.
Size: 6.5" x 8.5" Engr.
Atlas: The American Atlas.
London: J. Stockdale.
Scale: 1" = approx 45 miles.
Map in Jedidiah Morse's "The American Geography, or a view of the present situation of the United States of America." New edition revised, corrected and enlarged for J. Stockdale.
Keywords: rivers, towns, lakes.
3. 1796.
Carey, M. Wm. Barker, sculp.
New York.
Size: 6" x 7.5" Engr.
Atlas: Carey's Pocket Atlas, #8.
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1" = 65 miles.
Keywords: rivers, towns, mountains, lakes, state boundary.
4. 1796. Winterbottom, William.
The State of New York, compiled from the most authentic information.
Size: 15"x 17.7" MS. (copy)
Atlas: American Atlas, #10.
Scale: 1" = 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) Philadelphia, (T) London.
Manuscript copy of map #10 in the American Atlas (LC 1216).
Keywords: MS.
5. 1801. Lay, Amos and Stansbury, Arthur J. Roberts, sculp.
A.J. Stansbury, del.
Map of the Northern Part of the State of New York, compiled from actual surveys by Amos Lay and Arthur J. Stansbury.
Size: 25.5"x 29.5" Engr. Colored
New York: Brown and Stansbury.
Scale: 1"= 7 miles.
Boundaries of map: Seneca Lake, Albany, Canadian border, Vermont.
Keywords: roads, rivers, lakes, counties, towns, villages, forts, land ownership, Indian castles.
6. 1801.
?Wightman, T. Wightman, T., sculp.
The State of New York, compiled from the latest surveys.
Scale: 1"= 22.5 miles.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, turnpikes, some counties, land ownership.
7. 1802.
DeWitt, Simeon. G. Fairman, sculp.
A Map of the State of New York by Simeon De Witt, Surveyor General.
Size: 65.5" x 53" Engr.
Roll.
Albany.
Scale: I"= approx 5 miles, "69 miles =1 degree". Prime Meridian: New York.
Remarks in border on longitudes to Philadelphia, Washington, and Greenwich.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, towns, townships, some mountains, Indian 'castles', iron works, mills, marshes, roads, iron works.
8. 1804.
DeWitt, Simeon.
A Map of the State of New York, contracted from his large map of the state.
Size: 21"x 26.5": Engr. Colored Outline.
Albany.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles, "69 miles =1 degree". Prime Meridian: New York.
Keywords: cartouche, rivers, lakes, towns, townships, roads, some mountains, marshes, Indian castles, iron works.
9. 1808.
McCalpin, William.
A Map of the State of New York.
Size: 10.5"x 12.5" Engr.
Pocket Atlas.
Oxford.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles "69 miles to a degree". Prime Meridian: New York.
Keywords: cartouche, key (roads, villages, forts), mountains, counties, springs, adjacent states.
10. 1813.
Spafford's Gazetteer.
(New York State in 1813).
Size: 8.5"x 7"
Gazetteer.
Albany.
Scale: 1" = approx. 30 miles
Keywords: rivers, counties, neighboring states.
11. 1813. Carey, M. Wm. Barker, sculp.
New York.
Size: 6"x 7.7" Engr.
Pocket Atlas: Carey's Pocket Atlas, 4th ed. #8,
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 65 miles Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
Changes since 1796 edition.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads, forts, neighboring states.
12. 1814.
Carey, M. S. Lewis del. J.A.Werniche, sculp.
The State of New York.
Size: 16"x 20" Engr. Colored Outline.
Atlas: Carey's General Atlas, #12.
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 22 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) Philadelphia, (B) London.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, roads, counties.
13. 1816.
Carey and Warner. Wm. Barker, sculp.
New York.
Size: 6"x 7.5" Engr.
Pocket Atlas: Carey's Pocket Atlas.
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 65 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
No changes since 1813 edition under Carey imprint.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads, forts, neighboring states.
14. 1816 (1825?).
?Lucas, Fielding. S.Tanner, engr.
New York.
Size: 8"x 10.5" Engr.
Atlas: Lucas, "A New and Elegant Atlas," (#40).
?Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 43 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
This map has no date or publisher, but corresponds to the atlas page noted (LC Atlas 3542).
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, counties, towns.
15. 1817.
Carey and Warner. William Barker, sculp.
New York.
Size: 5.5" x 7.5" Engr.
Atlas: Carey and Warner School Atlas.
Scale: I"= approx 65 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
Names of neighboring states.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns.
16. 1817, 1822, 1825.
Lay, Amos.
Map of the State of New York, with parts of the States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey etc.
Size: 50"x 50" Engr. Colored
Roll.
Scale: I"= approx 7 miles. Prime Meridian: New York (Longitude west of London in margin).
Some changes between editions: 1817 manuscript edition title reads "compiled, corrected and published from the most recent authorities and accurate surveys by Amos Lay 1817, 2nd. ed. rev."
Keywords: key (turnpikes, roads, courthouses, houses of worship, colleges, forts, houses, mills, iron works, falls, indian villages, county lines), battlefields, springs, marshes, sand bars, iron works, glass works.
17. 1818. Eddy, John H. Tanner Vallance & Co., engr.
The State of New York, with part of the adjacent states.
Size: 37"x 42" Engr.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
Three copies.
Keywords: cartouche, rivers, lakes, mountains, swamps, sandbars, towns, turnpikes, roads, township lines.
18. 1823, 1824.
Vance, D. H. Balch, Rawdon & Co, engr.
Map of the Western Part of New York.
Size: 26"x 56" Engr.
Roll.
Scale: 1"= 5 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset: Erie canal profile, statistical tables.
Keywords: key (villages, mills/manufactories, canals/locks, seats of justice, post offices, roads, named turnpikes, township and county boundaries), mountains, rivers, lakes, springs, some glass works.
19. 1823.
Lucas, F. J.Yeager, engr.
Geographical, Statistical and Historical Map of New York.
Size:16"x 20" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: A Complete Historical, Chronological and Geographical American Atlas. H.C. Philadelphia: Carey and I. Lea.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Another version, drawn by F. Lucas, published in Baltimore, is map # 50 found in Lucas' "A General Atlas containing all the known countries in the World."
Inset: Erie Canal, notes and appendix.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns. Inset.
20. 1824, 1825, 1826, 1827.
Findley, A. J.H. Young, engr.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 16.5"x 20.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
No change in later editions. See listing for 1831, Findley.
Insets: Erie canal, statistical tables.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads.
21. 1824.
?Findley. A.
State of New York Jany. 1 1824, for Spafford's Gazetteer.
Size: 10.5"x 13.3" Engr.
Legislative Report: B.D. Packard.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
Three versions of this map: Spafford's Gazetteer, the Legislative Report for 1824, and the Constitution of the State of New York (where it is listed in the table of contents as "Findlay's map"). One version is colored. Williams and Dartmouth college indicated.
Inset: Profiles of the western and middle section of the Erie, and Champlain canals, with levels and canals indicated.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, towns, counties, canals, proposed canals, canal profiles, Indian reservations.
22. 1824.
Dey, J. Ogden. Balch, Rawdon & Co., engr.
Map of the Western Part of the State of New York; improved and enlarged to the east boundary of the state.
Size: 24.5"x 72" Engr. Colored.
Albany (published 1825): (in covers).
Scale: 1"= 5 miles.
Inset: Geological profile, lake Erie to Boston (college landmarks). Profile and scenes by Amos Eaton, geology from Stephen Van Rensellaer.
Views: Erie canal at Albany, Aqueduct at Little Falls, Aqueduct Bridge at Rochester, Village of Black Rock.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, county boundaries. Insets.
23. 1825, 1827, 1828.
Jocelyn, N. & S. S.
New York.
Size: 8"x 9.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas: A New and Universal Atlas of the world, on an improved plan.
S.E. Morse: New Haven.
Scale: 1"= 45 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington (not identified).
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, places (indexed by alphabetic grid).
24. 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1843.
Williams, William. Balch & Stiles, engr.
The Tourist's Map of the State of New York, compiled from the latest authorities (1829 edition adds "in the Surveyor-General's office" *).
Size: 19.5" x 20.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas.
Utica: (in covers).
Scale: 1" = 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
Edition changes: * notation added in 1829 edition
1827-28 editions are the same. 1829-1831 changes: stage, canal and steamboat timetables updated and expanded, Erie canal profile description removed, details on Hudson Rivers and of adjacent states added.
Inset: Erie and Champlain canal profiles.
Keywords: roads, canals, towns, forts, timetables. Inset.
25. 1829.
Cammeyer, William.
A New Map of the Hudson River, the Post roads between New York and Albany, the Northern and Western Canals, etc.
Size: 4.5"x 47" Engr. Colored (1 copy).
Strip Map (in covers, various).
Albany.
Scale: 1"= 4 miles.
Keywords: rivers, mountains, turnpikes, settlements, river soundings, canal profile.
26. 1831.
Phelps, Humphrey.
A Map of the State of New York, with the latest improvements.
Size: 16" x 19.5" Engr. Colored outline.
Pocket Atlas.
New York.
Scale: 1"= 21 miles (graphic). Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington.
Rivers in adjacent states.See also [1825] photograph of eastern part of State, [1826] mutilated copy.
Inset: profile of Erie canal, statistical tables.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, roads, 'proposed railroad'. Inset.
27. 1831.
Pierce, J.
A Reference and Distance Map of the State of New York.
Size: 18.5" x 20" Engr. Colored.
?Pocket Atlas.
New Haven, CN.
Scale: 1"= 19 miles (graphic) Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
Land ownership in Canada. Grid reference system for place location, with 1830 population census statistics, table of distances. Style and area similar to Williams' map.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, canals, turnpikes, 'proposed railroad'.
28. 1831.
?Fenner, Sears & Co. (engr. and printer).
Map of the State of New York with Part of Upper Canada.
Size: 9"x 15" Engr.
London: Hinton, Simkin and Marshall.
Scale: 1"= 35 miles " English miles, 69 to a degree; Geographic miles, 60 to a degree." Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
In Hinton, J., "The history and topography of the United States, 3 ed., London, 1842 (v.1 opp. p. 148)
Inset map: New York City, showing street grid.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, canals, mountains, towns, turnpikes, counties. Inset map.
29. 1832, 1836, 1838, 1839, 1843, 1846.
Mitchell, Augustus.
Map of the State of New York, compiled from the latest authorities.
Size: 16.5" x 21.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles (graphic). Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
Key is called "explanations" and includes present, in progress and proposed canals, present and proposed railroads, turnpikes and common roads. Mileage is listed along roads. Cover lists counties with populations and county seats. 1836 and after map named "Traveller's Map of New York, but with no map changes. Includes parts of neighboring states and Canada.
Inset maps: Hudson river from Albany to New York (style similar to Cammeyer), Niagara Falls, Rochester, Albany, New York City.
Keywords: Key (canals, turnpikes, railroads, roads, county towns) mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.
30. 1833, 1830.
Tanner, H.S. W. Brose, engr.
A new map of the State of New York with its canals, roads and distances from place to place along the stage and steamboat routes.
Size: 11"x 13" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: Tanner's Universal Atlas.
Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 45 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
See also 1833 map by Tanner of Pennsylvania with adjoining states including New York.
Insets: Erie canal profile, with named locks and levels. Steamboat routes and mileage from New York to Albany, Philadelphia and Niagara Falls.
Keywords: Key (canals, railroads, proposed works, stage roads) towns, counties rivers, falls and springs. Insets.
31. 1833, 1834, 1836.
Burr, David H. S.Stiles & Co., engr.
New York.
Size: 18.5"x 22" Engr. Colored.
New York: J. H. Colton & Co.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Grid reference sytem locates towns by letter. Timetables for steamboats, railroad (Albany) line, stages and packet boats, distances between places. Tables of population data (1825 census), colleges and almanac for 1834. Note: map date is 1833, published in 1834. Map also in New York State New Book, printed 1835. A smaller version in 1834 Red Book. Another edition (18.5"x 22") published by Colton in 1836.
Inset maps: New York City, New York environs, Utica, Niagara River, Albany to Lakes Champlain and George.
Keywords: towns, rivers, lakes, counties, grid reference, register, timetables. Inset maps.
32. 1834, 1844, 1850, 1853.
Burr, David H. S. Stiles, engr.
Map of the State of New York with parts of the adjacent country embracing plans of the cities and some of the larger villages.
Size: 45"x 55" Engr. Colored.
Roll.
New York: J.H. Colton & Co.
Scale: 1"= 8 miles Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset maps: street maps of Ithaca, Utica, Auburn, Lockport, Buffalo, Rochester, Albany, Troy, Schenectady, Syracuse, Oswego, New York City (city and county of New York including Brooklyn and Williamsburg with the Hudson and East Rivers and adjacent shores). 1844 edition adds Poughkeepsie inset, in different style.
View: Erie Canal at Little Falls.
Keywords: cartouche, key (state, town, county boundaries, towns, villages, canals, roads, railroads, churches, mills) mountains, forts. Inset maps, view.
33. 1835.
Buchon.
Carte Geographique, Statistique et Historique du New York.
Size: 17.5"x 11.5" Engr.
Atlas.
Paris: J. Carez.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles.
Note in Adirondacks "Pays sauvage et inhabite".
Inset: reduced profile of Erie canal
Keywords: towns, roads, mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset.
34. 1835 (copyright 1834).
Burr, David H.
Hudson River Guide, containing a description of all the landings and principal places on the Hudson River, as far as navigable.
Size: 4"x 24" Engr.
Strip Map.
New York: J. Disturnell.
Scale 1" = approx 4 miles.
Guidebook describes each location on the Hudson, with connecting stage routes, and existing and proposed railroads. Canal distances mentioned briefly.
Keywords: guidebook, mountains, roads, rivers, stage, canal and railroad routes.
35. 1836.
Burr, David H. S. Stiles & Co., engr.
New York.
Size: 12"x 14" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: J.H. Colton.
Scale: 1" = 28 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: Niagara river, Albany, Champlain. Grid reference system. Steamboat, stage, railroad and canal register for 1835.
Keywords: rivers, towns, villages, canals, stage roads, grid references. Inset maps.
36. 1841, 1842, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1858.
Smith, J. Calvin Sherman and Smith, engr.
Map of the State of New York showing the location of the boundaries of counties and townships, cities, towns and villages, the courses of railroads, canals and stage roads.
Size: 18"x 23.5" Engr. (steel) Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: J. Disturnell.
Scale: 1" = 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Edition changes: from 1843 edition on, changes in Adirondacks. 1846 Hudson River removed. 1850: vicinity of New York inset removed.
Inset maps: St. Lawrence river (from NY state line to Quebec), City of New York environs, vicinity of New York (to Newburgh), with Croton aqueduct.
Keywords: key (courthouses, canals, railroads, stage roads, proposed railroads) mountains, rivers lakes, counties, towns. Inset maps.
37. 1845, 1847.
Wade, William. William Wade, engr.
Panorama of the Hudson River from New York to Albany.
Size: 6"x 150" Engr. Colored.
Strip Map.
New York: William Wade.
Scale 1"= approx 1 mile.
Panorama of both sides of Hudson shore from the river, including towns. 1847 changes: addition of river section from Albany to Waterford, steamboats, vignette of Cohoes Falls. 1845 edition also published by William Croome in Philadelphia. 1847 edition published by J. Disturnell.
View: Cohoes Falls
Keywords: towns, houses, landscape, panorama. View.
38. 1845, 1847, 1850.
Young, J. H. J. H. Young, engr.
The Empire State New York with its counties, towns and villages.
Size: 42"x 51" Engr. Colored.
Roll.
Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Original copyright 1844.
Insets: Tables (railroads, canals in progress, population statistics on towns, births/deaths, classes of inhabitants, agriculture, manufactures, religion, education from the 1845 state census).
Views: "Evacuation of New York, 1783", "Surrender of Burgoyne, 1777"," McDonough's Victory, 1814", "Canal Celebration, 1825".
Keywords: cartouche, key (capital, towns, villages, canals, railroads, stage roads, roads). Insets.
39. c1850.
Magnus, Charles.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 17.5"x 21.7" Engr. Colored.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset map: Long Island
View: Niagara Falls.
Keywords: key (cities, county towns, villages, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, stage roads, roads) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset map, view.
40. 1851.
Meyer.
Neueste Karte von New York mit seinen canalen, strassen, eisenbahner, Entfernungen de hauptpunkte und routen fur dampfschiffe.
Size: 11.7" x 14.5" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: Meyer's' Grosser Zeitung Atlas # 78.
Amsterdam: Bibliographischen Instituts zu Hildburghausen.
Scales: graphic, various European "miles". Prime Meridian: Washington.
Graphic scales for "geographical miles" for English, French, Spanish Portuguese, Italian, Danish, Swedish, Turkish, Greek miles, also Russian "wester" and "see miles". Note in margin refers to degrees west of "Ferro" (?Faroe Islands), NYC is 56 degrees west of Ferro. Profile of Erie canal, which disappeared from native atlases c. 1830's. Lists of steamboat mileage from New York City to Albany, Philadelphia, Niagara.
Keywords: European, scales, canal profile, mountains, steamboat mileage.
41. 1851, copyright 1849.
Hall, Ensign and Thayer Sherman and Smith, engr.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 26" x 35" Engr. Colored. Roll.
New York: Ensign and Thayer.
Scale: 1"= 13 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Cartouche surrounded by vignettes of Daniel Tompkins, Henrik Hudson, DeWitt Clinton, Robert Fulton. Reprinted 1858, by Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning.
Inset maps: Albany, New York and Brooklyn, Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo.
View: "View of Suspension Bridge Niagara River near the Falls" drawn by William Wade.
Keywords: cartouche, vignettes, cities, towns, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, roads, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps, view.
42. 1851.
Ensign, Thayer & Co. Lettered by O. A. Hall, Morse's Cerography.
The Empire State.
Size: 21.5"x 27.5" Wax engr. Colored.
New York: Ensign, Thayer & Co.
Scale:
See larger 1851 roll map by same company.
Insets: population statistics, historical sketch.
View: Bird's Eye View of New York City.
Keywords: cartouche, towns, counties, railroads, canals, roads. Insets, view.
43. 1852, 1853, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1864, 1868, 1871.
Colton, George W. J. Atwood (sculp.).
Colton's Railroad and Township map of the State of New York with parts of the adjoining states and Canada.
Size: 21.5"x 24.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: J. H. Colton & Co.
Scale 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Copyright date 1852. Edition changes: 1864, 1868 editions do not list J. Atwood. Various adverisements on covers. Later editions still have the proposed "Fulton railroad" which was not built. See also editions for 1879 and 1888.
Inset: population statistics.
Keywords: key (railroads, proposed railroads, canals, townships, villages, post offices) mountains, lakes, rivers, towns. Inset.
44. 1855, copyright 1854.
?Colton.
New York.
Size 11" x 15" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: J. H. Colton.
Scale: 1"= approx 30 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
See Colton's other map 1856, cop.1852, at larger scale.
Inset maps: vicinity of Niagara Falls, vicinity of New York.
Keywords: key (county towns, villages, post offices, depots, canals, railroads and proposed railroads, roads), mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.
45. 1854.
Guild, William Boynton, sculp. (Boston).
Map of the Hudson River Railroad from New York to Albany*.
Size: 8"x 72"
Strip Map (in covers).
New York: William Guild.
Scale: 1"= 2 miles.
Additional title on covers: "*and designed for the Use of Railroad and Steamboat passengers." Shows a few "works" (e.g. print works). Some similarities to Wade's 1845 panorama.
Keywords: cities, villages, lighthouses, connections to railroads and canals, mountains, "works".
46. 1854.
McAlpine, W.J.* David Vaughn, sculp.
Map of the State of New York showing its Water and Railroad Lines.
Size: 20"x 25" Lith. Colored Outline.
Albany: J. E. Gavit.
*Title states "under the direction of Wm. J. McAlpine." Second copy with annotations includes additional data.
Keywords: key (existing, in progress and proposed railroads, canals) rivers, lakes mountains, towns.
47. 1856.
Desilver, Charles.
Map of the State of New York compiled from the latest authorities.
Size: 16"x 20" Colored.
Atlas: Mitchell, S.A., A New Universal Atlas.
Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 25 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Statistics (1850 state census) population, square mileage, etc. Style similar to Mitchell's earlier versions.
Inset maps: Niagara Falls, Rochester, New York City, Hudson River (NYC to Albany).
Keywords: key (existing, in progress and proposed railroads, canals, turnpikes, roads, county towns, distances) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.
48. 1858, copyright 1857.
Mitchell, S.A.
Mitchell's County and Township Map of the State of New York, showing the adjoining portions of New England, New Jersey and Pennsylvania with their internal improvements.
Size: 40"x 49" Engr. Colored.
Roll.
Philadelphia: S. Augustus Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Niagara Falls notes.
Keywords: key (existing, in progress, proposed railroads and canals, county towns, towns, villages, roads) mountains, lakes, rivers, counties, townships.
49. 1858.
J. Sage and Sons, (Buffalo).
Map of the Railroads of the State of New York showing the Stations, Distances and Connections with Other Roads.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
Size: 22.5"x 29" Lith. Colored.
Buffalo: Petingale and Behn.
Railroads designated by colored lines and identified by company, railroad stations for each line in border.
Keywords: counties, lakes, railroads, railroad stations.
50. 1858, cop. 1849.
Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning Sherman and Smith, drawn and engr.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 26.5" x 35" ?Engr. Colored.
Roll.
New York: Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning.
Scale: 1"= 11 miles.
Cartouche, surrounded by vignettes of Daniel Tompkins, Henrik Hudson, DeWitt Clinton, Robert Fulton. Reprint of 1851 (copyright 1849) map, by Ensign and Thayer.
View: "View of Suspension Bridge Niagara River near the Falls" drawn by William Wade.
Inset maps: Albany, New York and Brooklyn, Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo.
Keywords: cartouche, view, cities, towns, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, roads, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps, view.
51. 1858.
Smith, J. Calvin.
Map of the State of New York, showing the location of boundaries of counties and townships, cities, towns and villages, the courses of railroads, canals and stageroads.
Size: 18.5"x 24" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: J. Disturnell.
Scale: 1"= 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: St. Lawrence river (from NY state line to Quebec), City of New York environs. (see 1841 Smith citation)
Keywords: key (courthouses, canals, railroads, stage roads, proposed railroads) mountains, rivers lakes, counties, townships, towns. Inset maps.
52. 1862.
Johnson.
Johnson's New York.
Size: ?Engr. Colored.
Atlas.
New York: Johnson and Browning.
Scale: 1"=20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: Oswego, Albany, Troy, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Vicinity of New York and Brooklyn.
Keywords: key (railroads, roads, canals, state capital, cities, county towns, villages, post offices, depots, townships) counties, mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.
53. 1863.
Hough, Franklin.
Map of the State of New York showing meterological stations.
Size: 13.2" x 10"
Prime Meridian: London.
Meterological stations with annotations.
Keywords: counties, rivers, towns, meterological stations.
54. 1864.
Lloyd, J. T.
Lloyd's Topographical Map of the Hudson River from the head of navigation at Troy to its confluence with the ocean at Sandy Hook.
Size: 33.2"x 49"
Strip Map. New York and London: J.T. Lloyd.
Scale: 1"= approx 1 mile, 1: 55,640.
Map has large advertisement for Lloyd's maps warning against imitations.
Keywords: cities, towns, property owners, houses, woods, docks, manufacturies, historical notes.
55. 1865.
Ensign and Bridgeman Fisk and Russell, engr.
The Empire State.
Size: 22"x 30" ?Engr. Colored.
New York: Ensign and Bridgeman.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Key has symbol for post offices "having the same name as the township". References (boundaries of counties, assembly and senate districts, with total and representative population. The map is bordered by 1865 census data and informational items on history and government, including "the rights of married women"). Portrait of Henry Hudson.
Inset map: Central Park.
Views: "Railroad Bridge at Portage Falls" and "The Half Moon at Yonkers,"
Keywords: Cartouche, views, key (townships, villages, post offices, county capitals, canals, existing and proposed railroads) counties, mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset map, views.
56. 1865.
?Weed, Parsons & Co.
Map of the State of New York 1865, showing the Population of Towns and Wards. Size: Lith.
Legislative Manual (in covers).
Albany: Weed, Parsons & Co.
Inset maps: New York City , Troy, Buffalo, Syracuse, Hudson, Auburn, Lockport, Poughkeepsie, Rochester, Albany, Utica, Oswego, Schenectady, Elmira.
Keywords: key (boundaries of counties, assembly and senate districts, total and representative populations). Inset maps.
57. 1867, 1870.
Mitchell, S. Augustus W.H. Gamble, drawn and engr.
County Map of the State of New York.
Size: 22.5" x 15.3" Engr. Colored Outline.
Atlas: S.A. Mitchell's New General Atlas #18.
Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 23 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Changes between editions: addition of railroads.
Inset maps: Troy, Albany, Vicinity of New York, Rochester, Buffalo.
Keywords: key (state capital, county towns, towns, railroads, canals, counties) mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.
58. 1873 (copyright 1869).
Watson, Gaylord.
Watson's New County and Township map of New York, showing railroad stations, distances, post offices etc., etc.,
Size: 33"x 35" Lith. Colored.
Pocket Atlas (in covers).
New York: Gaylord Watson.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset map: Long Island (scale 1" = 4 miles).
Keywords: key (county capitals, townships, villages, post offices, railroads and unfinished railroads, canals) mountains, rivers, lakes, counties. Inset map.
59. ?1873
Bartholemew, J.
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware.
Size: Colored.
Atlas: Bartholemew.
Philadelphia: T. Ellwood Zell.
Scale: Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
Grid reference system.
Keywords: key (railroads, canals), mountains, lakes, rivers, towns.
60. 1874, 1875, 1876*.
Sweet, S.H. and Greene, D.M. (state surveyors).
Revised Map of the Railroads of the State of New York, prepared under the direction of S.H. Sweet and D.M. Greene.
Size: 36" x 29" Lith.
Legislative Manual.
Albany: Weed and Parsons.
Scale: 1" = 13 miles Prime Meridian: Washington.
1876* edition states "under the direction of J.D. Van Buren and D.M. Greene."
Keywords: railroads, canals, rivers, lakes, township lines.
61. 1874, 1877.
Mitchell, S. Augustus, W.H. Gamble, del. and engr.
County Map of the State of New York.
Size: 14"x 21.5" Engr. Colored.
Philadelphia: S.A. Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 23 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: Albany, Buffalo, Troy, N.Y. Harbor, Rochester, Buffalo.
Keywords: key (state capital, county towns, towns, railroads, canals) counties, rivers, lakes, mountains. Inset maps.
62. 1874.
Taintor Brothers and Merrill.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 33.5" X 22" Lith. Colored.
Atlas.
New York: Taintor Bros. and Merrill.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Keywords: counties, towns, rivers, lakes, mountains.
63. 1878.
Link, William F.
Hudson River by Daylight, from New York Bay to the Head of Tidewater*.
Size: 5.5"x 104" Lith. Colored.
Strip Map (with booklet).
New York: Wm. F. Link.
Scale: 1"= 1.5 miles.
Complete title: *Hudson River by Daylight,from New York Bay to the head of tidewater, containing names of streams, islands and heights of mountains, also the names of prominent residences, historic landmarks and old Indian names."
Keywords: rivers, islands, historic landmarks, residences, Indian names, anchorages, mountains, towns, counties.
64. 1878.
Newberry, J.S. Wm. P. Northrup & Co, sculp., H.H. Vail, del.
Map of the vicinity of New York for the eclectic geographies.
Size: ?Engr.
Atlas.
?Buffalo: Van Antwerp, Bragg and Co.
Scale: 1"= 4 miles. Prime Meridian: London.
Colored isobaths in New York harbour.
Keywords: counties, towns, railroads, parks, mountains, rivers, lakes, swamps, soundings.
65. 1879, 1888. (1879: salvage-burned copy)
Colton, G.W.
Colton's Railroad and Township map of New York with parts of the adjoining states and Canada.
Size: 20.5"x 27"
Pocket Atlas.
New York: G.W. and C.B.Colton.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Census statistics, present in earlier editions, removed.
Keywords: key (railroads, proposed railroads, canals, townships, villages, post offices) mountains, lakes, rivers, towns.
66. 1880.
?New York State Engineers.
Profiles of the New York Canals and feeders, showing elevations of the water surface above tidewater and junction of lateral canals with Erie canal.
Size: 24"x 40" Lith.
Legislative Manual.
Albany: Weed and Parsons.
Connections for coal and iron transport.
Inset map: State of New York with canals.
Keywords: cartouche, canals, railroads, cities, towns, villages, mountains. Inset map.
67. 1883.
?Rand McNally
New Railroad, County and Township Map of New York, showing every railroad station and post office in the State.
Size: 29"x 31".
Chicago: Rand McNally. Scale 1"= 11 miles.
See 1892 map in Legislative Manual.
Inset maps: Vicinity of New York, Long Island.
Keywords: railroads, counties, mountains, lakes and rivers. Inset maps.
68. 1885.
Johnson, W. and A.K.
New York.
Size: .
Encyclopedia Brittanica.
Edinburgh.
Scale 1"= 35 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Keywords: key (capital cities, county towns, railroads, canals) mountains, lakes, rivers.
69. [1886] copyright1887.
Grant, Alexander A.
Railroad and County Map of New York.
Size: 15.5"x 21.5" Lith. Colored.
Atlas: Bankers and Brokers Railroad Atlas.
New York.
Scale: 1"= 17 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Gazetteer on reverse lists population census statistics and banks by place.
Inset maps: Long Island, New York City and Vicinity.
Keywords: key (railroads, unfinished railroads, state capital, county seats, money order post offices, post offices, small towns) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.
70. 1892.
New York State
New Railroad County and Township Map of New York showing every railroad station and post office in the state ( to accompany the Legislative Manual 0f 1892).
Size: 29 "x 32" Lith. Colored Outline.
Legislative Manual.
Chicago: Rand McNally & Co.
Scale 1"= 11 miles.
Inset maps: Vicinity of New York, Long Island, Buffalo. Hotels in Coney Island, by name.
Keywords: towns, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.
71. 1892.
Cram, George F.
New Commercial Railroad and County Map of New York, drawn and engraved from official Government and Railroad Surveys.
Size: 21.5"x 30.5" Lith. Colored.
Chicago: George F. Cram.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset map: eastern New Jersey and Long Island.
Keywords: key (railroads), mountains, lakes, rivers, towns, counties. Inset map.
72. 1893.
League of American Wheelmen, New York Division.
Cyclist's Road Map of New York.
Size: 21"x 25" (six sheets).
Scale: 1"= 5 miles. Prime Meridian: London.
Different number of routes in sub-areas of state reflects number of contributions from cyclists.
Keywords: key (good and fair cycling roads, unrideable/unknown roads, hill grades) railroads, mountains, rivers, lakes.
73. 1894.
Colton, G.W. and C.B. ("engraved" and printed).
Railroad Map of the State of New York, to accompany the thirteenth annual report of the Railroad Commisioners of New York.
Size: 33.2"x 36.7" Lith.
Legislative Manual.
New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton, & Albany: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford Co.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset map: railroads in vicinity of New York City, ten mile isolines from New York City post office.
Keywords: Key (state capital, county towns, railroads and stations, distances) rivers, lakes. Inset map.
74. 1894.
Rand McNally & Co.
New Railroad and County Map of New York with portions of adjacent States. Size: Size: 41"x 60" Lith. Colored.
Roll.
Chicago: Rand McNally & Co.
Scale: 1"= approx. 8 miles.
Keywords: railroads, mountains. towns, counties.
75. 1895.
Merrill, Frederick J. H.
Economic and Geologic Map of the State of New York, showing the location of mineral deposits.
Size: Lith.
Roll.
New York: Julius Bien and Co. (University of the State of New York).
Mineral deposits: limestone. magnetite, haematite, garnet, granite, talc, sand, salt wells, gas wells, gypsum, oil fields, refractory clays, clays, stone quarries, mineral springs.
Keywords: geologic periods, rock types, mineral deposits.
76. 1895.
Matthews-Northrup Co.
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, Adirondack Division.
Size:
Buffalo: Matthews-Northrup Co.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles.
Grid reference system for locations, and lodging with rates and distances from stations on reverse- titled: "Principal Lakes, Ponds, Hotels, Boarding houses and Camps in the Adirondack Mountains, with their locations, dates of opening and closing, and other important information for tourists."
Keywords: key (carriage roads, trails, proposed boundary of Adirondack Park) railroads, lakes, rivers, mountains.
77. 1896, 1897, 1900.
Colton, G.B and C.W. (engraved and printed).
Canal and Railroad Map of the State of New York to Accompany the Legislative Manual.
Size: 33.2"x 36.7" Lith.
Legislative Manual.
Albany: Weed, Parsons and Co.
Scale: 1" = 10 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset map: railroads in the Vicinity of New York City.
Keywords: key (railroads, narrow gauge railroads, railroads in progress, state capitals, county towns, railroad stations, distances) canals, rivers, lakes. Inset map.
78. 1899 (copyright).
Matthews-Northrup Co.
New York.
Size: 15.5" x 19.5 ".
?Atlas.
Buffalo: Matthews-Northrup Co.
Scale: 1"= 21 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London (B) Washington.
Place size indicated by size of lettering- "Other places are graduated from GREAT cities down through Big Towns and important villages to little villages and mere stations". Grid reference (1, 2, 3, & A,B,C) and gazetteer on reverse, text by R. G. Dun (1903), indicating merchants in each town.
Keywords: key (state capital, county seats, cities, towns and villages, railroads) rivers, lakes, mountains, grid reference and gazetteer on reverse.
79. 1899.
New York State Department of Agriculture.
Map of Butter and Cheese Factories.
Size: Lith.
Albany: NYS Dept. of Agriculture.
Keywords: counties, butter and cheese factories.

Format: Entry By Author/Publisher

Author. Author (if known, ?questionable). Engraver. (if known, ?questionable ).
Date. Edition date, several dates indicate multiple dated editions.
Copyright date noted separately. ? indicates questionable date.
Title. Title (as it appears on map).
Size: Reproduction Method (e.g. engraving, lithograph) Colored (tinted)
Map Type: (Atlas page, Roll, Strip Map etc.) Atlas and Page (if applicable)
Publisher: Place of Publication
Scale: Location of Prime (base) Meridian: (T) Top, (B) Bottom
Notes. Special notations. Edition Changes.
Inset(s): listing of tables, profiles, statistics included in map.
Inset Map(s): Places shown on inset maps.
View(s): Titles of views included on map.
Keywords: Key (indicates the map has a key, items included in parantheses) symbols shown also listed. Inset map(s), view(s).

New York State Maps: 1792-1900 References By Author/Publisher

Bartholemew, J.
?1873
New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland and Delaware.
Size: Colored.
?Atlas: Bartholemew. Published in Philadelphia by T. Ellwood Zell.
Scale: Prime Meridian (T) Washington, (B) London.
Grid reference system.
Keywords: key (railroads, canals), mountains, lakes, rivers, towns.

Buchon.
1835.
Carte Geographique, Statistique et Historique du New York.
Size: 17.5"x 11.5" Engr.
Atlas. Published in Paris by J. Carez.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles.
Note in Adirondacks "Pays sauvage et inhabite".
Keywords: towns, roads, mountains, rivers, lakes, reduced profile of Erie canal.

Burr, David H.
1835 (copyright 1834).
Hudson River Guide, containing a description of all the landings and principal places on the Hudson River, as far as navigable.
Size: 4"x 24" Engr.
Strip Map. Published in New York by J. Disturnell.
Scale 1" = approx 4 miles.
Guidebook describes each location on the Hudson, with connecting stage routes, and existing and proposed railroads and canal distances.
Keywords: guidebook, mountains, roads, rivers, stage, canal and railroad routes.

Burr, David H. S.Stiles & Co., engr.
1834, 1836.
New York.
Size: 18.5"x 22" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by J.H. Colton & Co.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Grid reference sytem locates towns by letter. Timetables for steamboats, railroad (Albany) line, stages and packet boats, distances between places. Tables of population data (1825 census), colleges and almanac for 1834. Note: map date is 1833, published in 1834. Map also in New York State Book, printed 1835. A smaller version in 1834 Red Book. Another edition (18.5"x 22") published by Colton in 1836.
Inset maps: New York City, New York environs, Utica, Niagara River, Albany to Lakes Champlain and George.
Keywords: towns, rivers, lakes, counties, grid reference, register, timetables. Inset maps.

Burr, David H. S. Stiles, engr.
1834, 1844, 1850, 1853.
Map of the State of New York with parts of the adjacent country embracing plans of the cities and some of the larger villages.
Size: 44"x 55" Engr. Colored.
Roll. Published in New York by J.H. Colton & Co.
Scale: 1"= 8 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset maps: street maps of Ithaca, Utica, Auburn, Lockport, Buffalo, Rochester, Albany, Troy, Schenectady, Syracuse, Oswego, New York City (city and county of New York including Brooklyn and Williamsburg with the Hudson and East Rivers and adjacent shores). 1850 edition adds Poughkeepsie inset, in different style.
View: Erie Canal at Little Falls.
Keywords: cartouche, key (state, town, county boundaries, towns, villages, canals, roads, railroads, churches, mills) mountains, forts. Inset maps, view.

Burr, David H. S.Stiles & Co., engr.
1836.
New York.
Size: 12"x 14" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by J.H. Colton.
Scale: 1" = 28 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Grid reference system. Steamboat, stage, railroad and canal register for 1835.
Inset maps: Niagara river, Albany, Champlain.
Keywords: rivers, towns, villages, canals, stage roads, grid references. Inset maps.

Cammeyer, William.
1829.
A New Map of the Hudson River, the Post roads between New York and Albany, the Northern and Western Canals, etc.
Size: 4.5"x 47" Engr. Colored (1 copy).
Strip Map (in covers, various). Published in Albany.
Scale: 1"= 4 miles.
Inset: canal profile.
Keywords: rivers, mountains, turnpikes, settlements, river soundings.

Carey, M., Wm. Barker, engr.
1796.
New York.
Size: 6" x 7.5" Engr.
Carey's Pocket Atlas: #8 . Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1" = 65 miles.
Keywords: rivers, towns, mountains, lakes, state boundary.

Carey, M. Wm. Barker, engr.
1813.
New York.
Size: 6"x 7.7" Engr.
Carey's Pocket Atlas, 4th ed. #8. Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 65 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
Changes since 1796 edition.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads, forts.

Carey, M. S. Lewis del. J.A.Werniche, engr.
1814.
The State of New York.
Size: 16"x 20" Engr. Colored Outline.
Atlas: Carey's General Atlas, #12. Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 22 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) Philadelphia, (B) London.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, roads, counties.

Carey and Warner. Wm. Barker, engr.
1816.
New York.
Size: 6"x 7.5" Engr.
Carey's Pocket Atlas. Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 65 miles (graphic). Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
No changes since 1813 edition, includes names of neighboring states.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads, forts.

Carey and Warner. William Barker, engr.
1817.
New York.
Size: 5.5" x 7.5" Engr.
?Atlas. ?Carey and Warner School Atlas.
Scale: I"= approx 65 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns.

Colton, G.B and C.W. (engraved and printed).
1896, 1897, 1900.
Canal and Railroad Map of the State of New York to Accompany the Legislative Manual.
Size: 33.2"x 36.7" Lith.
Legislative Manual. Published in Albany by Weed, Parsons and Co.
Scale: 1" = 10 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset map: railroads in the Vicinity of New York City.
Keywords: key (railroads, narrow gauge railroads, railroads in progress, state capitals, county towns, railroad stations, distances) canals, rivers, lakes. Inset map.

Colton, G.W.
1879, 1888.
Colton's Railroad and Township map of New York with parts of the adjoining states and Canada. (1879: salvage-burned)
Size: 20.5"x 27".
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by G.W. and C.B.Colton.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Census statistics, present in earlier editions, removed.
Keywords: key (railroads, proposed railroads, canals, townships, villages, post offices) mountains, lakes, rivers, towns.

Colton, G.W. and C.B. ("engraved" and printed).
1894.
Railroad Map of the State of New York, to accompany the thirteenth annual report of the Railroad Commisioners of New York.
Size: 33.2"x 36.7" Lith.
Legislative Manual. 2 publishers: New York: G.W. and C.B. Colton: Albany: Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford Co.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset map: railroads in vicinity of New York City, ten mile isolines from New York City post office.
Keywords: Key (state capital, county towns, railroads and stations, distances) rivers, lakes. Inset map.

Colton, George W. J. Atwood, engr.
1852, 1853, 1856, 1857, 1859, 1864, 1868, 1871.
Colton's Railroad and Township map of the State of New York with parts of the adjoining states and Canada.
Size: 21.5"x 24.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by J. H. Colton & Co.
Scale 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Copyright date 1852. Edition changes: 1864, 1868 editions do not list J. Atwood. Various advertisements on covers. Later editions still have the proposed "Fulton railroad" which was not built. See also editions for 1879 and 1888.
Inset: population statistics.
Keywords: key (railroads, proposed railroads, canals, townships, villages, post offices) mountains, lakes, rivers, towns. Inset.

?Colton
1855, cop. 1854.
New York. Size 11" x 15" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by J.H. Colton.
Scale: 1"= approx 30 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
See Colton's other maps 1856 (copyright 1852) at larger scale.
Inset maps: vicinity of Niagara Falls, vicinity of New York.
Keywords: key (county towns, villages, post offices, depots, canals, railroads and proposed railroads, roads), mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.

Cram, Geo. F.
1892.
New Commercial Railroad and County Map of New York, drawn and engraved from official Government and Railroad Surveys.
Size: 21.5"x 30.5" Lith. Colored.
Published in Chicago by Geo. F. Cram.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset map: eastern New Jersey and Long Island.
Keywords: key (railroads), mountains, lakes, rivers, towns, counties. Inset map.

DeWitt, Simeon: C. Tiebout, engr.
c1793.
DeWitt's State Map of New York (Ist sheet).
Size: 29.5" x 22": Engr.
Scale: 1" = approx 6 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
?Published in Albany
No formal key, notations outside border.
Keywords: roads, town and county boundaries, Indian reservations, some land divisions.

DeWitt, Simeon. G. Fairman, engr.
1802.
A Map of the State of New York by Simeon De Witt, Surveyor General.
Size: 65.5" x 53" Engr.
Roll. Published in Albany.
Scale: I"= approx 5 miles, "69 miles. =1 degree". Prime Meridian: New York
Remarks in border on longitudes to Philadelphia, Washington, and Greenwich, England.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, towns, townships, some mountains, Indian 'castles', iron works, mills.

DeWitt, Simeon.
1804.
A Map of the State of New York, contracted from his large map of the state.
Size: 21"x 26.5": Engr. Colored Outline.
Published in Albany.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles., "69 miles. =1 degree": Prime Meridian: New York.
Keywords: cartouche, rivers, lakes, towns, townships, some mountains, marshes, Indian castles.

Desilver, Charles.
1856.
Map of the State of New York compiled from the latest authorities.
Size: 16"x 20" Colored.
Atlas: Mitchell, S.A., A New Universal Atlas. Published in Philadelphia. Scale: 1"= 25 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Statistics (1850 state census) population, square mileage, etc. Style similar to Mitchell's earlier versions.
Inset maps: Niagara Falls, Rochester, New York City, Hudson River (NYC to Albany).
Keywords: key (canals and railroads (existing, in progress and proposed) turnpikes, roads, county towns, distances) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.

Dey, J. Ogden Balch, Rawdon & Co., engr.
1824.
Map of the Western Part of the State of New York; improved and enlarged to the east boundary of the state.
Size: 24.5"x 72" Engr. Colored.
Roll. Published in Albany (published 1825).
Scale: 1"= 5 miles.
Insets: Geological profile, lake Erie to Boston (college landmarks). Profile and scenes by Amos Eaton, geology from Stephen Van Rensellaer.
Views: Erie canal at Albany, Aqueduct at Little Falls, Aqueduct Bridge at Rochester, Village of Black Rock.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, county boundaries. Insets: geological profile, views.

Eddy, John H. Tanner Vallance & Co., engr.
1818.
The State of New York, with part of the adjacent states.
Size: 37"x 42" Engr.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
Three copies.
Keywords: cartouche, rivers, lakes, mountains, swamps, sandbars, towns, turnpikes, roads, township lines.

Ensign and Bridgeman Fisk and Russell, engr.
1865.
The Empire State.
Size: 22"x 30" ?Engr. Colored.
Published in New York by Ensign and Bridgeman.
Scale: 1"= 15 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Key has symbol for post offices "having the same name as the township". References (boundaries of counties, assembly and senate districts, with total and representative populations). The map is bordered by 1865 census data and informational items on history and government, including "the rights of married women."
Inset map: Central Park.
Views: "Railroad Bridge at Portage Falls", "The Half Moon at Yonkers," with a portrait of Henry Hudson.
Keywords: Cartouche, views, key (townships, villages, post offices, county capitals, railroads and proposed, canals) counties, mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset map, views.

Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning Sherman and Smith, drawn and engr.
1858 (copyright 1849).
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 26.5" x 35" Engr. Colored.
Roll.
Published in New York by Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning.
Scale: 1"= 13 miles.
Cartouche, surrounded by vignettes of Daniel Tompkins, Henrik Hudson, DeWitt Clinton, Robert Fulton. Reprint of 1851(cop. 1849) map, by Ensign and Thayer.
Inset maps: Albany, New York and Brooklyn, Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo.
View: "View of Suspension Bridge Niagara River near the Falls" drawn by William Wade.
Keywords: cartouche, view, cities, towns, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, roads, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps, view.

Ensign, Thayer & Co. Lettered by O. A. Hall, Morse's Cerography.
1851.
The Empire State.
Size: 21.5"x 27.5" Wax engr. Colored.
Published in New York by Ensign, Thayer & Co.
Scale:
See larger 1851 roll map by same company. See listing under "Hall."
View: Bird's Eye View of New York (City).
Keywords: cartouche, towns, counties, railroads, canals, roads. View, population statistics, historical sketch.

Fenner, Sears & Co. (engr. and printer).
1831.
Map of the State of New York with Upper Canada.
Size: 9"x 15" Engr.
Published in London by Hinton, Simkin and Marshall.
Scale: 1"= 35 miles. " English miles., 69 to a degree; Geographic miles., 60 to a degree" Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington.
In Hinton, J., "The history and topography of the United States, 3 ed., London, 1842 (v.1 opp. p. 148).
Inset map: New York City, showing street grid.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, canals, mountains, towns, turnpikes, counties. Inset: New York City.

Findley, A. J.H. Young, engr.
1824, 1825, 1826, 1827.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 16.5"x 20.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
No change in later editions. See listing for 1831, Findley.
Insets: Erie canal, statistical tables.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns, roads. Insets.

?Findley. A.
1824.
State of New York Jany. 1 1824, for Spafford's Gazetteer.
Size: 10.5"x 13.3" Engr.
Legislative Report: Published by B.D. Packard.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles. Prime Meridian: New York.
Three versions of this map: Spafford's Gazetteer, the Legislative Report for 1824, and the Constitution of the State of New York (where it is listed in the table of contents as "Findlay's map"). One version is colored. Williams and Dartmouth college indicated.
Insets: Profiles of the western and middle section of the Erie, and Champlain canals, with levels and canals indicated.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, towns, counties, canals, proposed canals, Indian reservations. Insets.

Grant, Alexander A.
[1886] copyright1887.
Railroad and County Map of New York.
Size: 15.5"x 21.5" Lith. Colored.
Atlas: Bankers and Brokers Railroad Atlas. Published in New York.
Scale: 1"= 17 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Gazetteer on reverse lists population census statistics and banks by place.
Inset: population, bank statistics.
Inset maps: Long Island, New York City and Vicinity.
Keywords: key (railroads, unfinished railroads, state capital, county seats, money order post offices, post offices, small towns) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset, inset maps.

Guild, William Boynton, engr (Boston).
1854.
Map of the Hudson River Railroad from New York to Albany*.
Size: 8"x 72".
Strip Map. Published in New York by William Guild.
Scale: 1"= 2 miles.
Additional title on covers: "and designed for the Use of Railroad and Steamboat passengers." Shows a few "works" (e.g print works). Some similarities to Wade's 1845 panorama.
Keywords: cities, villages, lighthouses, connections to railroads and canals, mountains, "works".

Hall, Ensign and Thayer Sherman and Smith, engr.
1851, copyright 1849.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 26" x 35" ?Engr. Colored.
Roll. Published in New York by Ensign and Thayer.
Scale: 1"= 13 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Cartouche surrounded by vignettes of Daniel Tompkins, Henrik Hudson, DeWitt Clinton, Robert Fulton. Reprinted 1858, by Ensign, Bridgeman and Fanning.
Inset maps: Albany, New York and Brooklyn, Troy, Utica, Syracuse, Rochester and Buffalo.
View: "View of Suspension Bridge Niagara River near the Falls" drawn by William Wade.
Keywords: cartouche, vignettes, cities, towns, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, roads, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.

Hough, Franklin.
1863.
Map of the State of New York showing meterological stations.
Prime Meridian: London.
Meterological stations with annotations.
Keywords: counties, rivers, towns, meterological stations.

Jocelyn, N. & S. S.
1825, 1827, 1828.
New York.
Size: 8"x 9.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas: A New and Universal Atlas of the world, on an improved plan. Published in New Haven by S.E. Morse.
Scale: 1"= 45 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington
Places keyed by index using alphabetic grid referencing system
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, places (indexed).

Johnson.
1862.
Johnson's New York.
Size: Engr. Colored. Atlas.
Published in New York by Johnson and Browning.
Scale: 1"=20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: Oswego, Albany, Troy, Buffalo, Rochester, Syracuse, Vicinity of New York and Brooklyn.
Keywords: Key (railroads, roads, canals, state capital, cities, county towns, villages, post offices, depots, townships) counties, mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.

Johnson, W. and A.K.
1885.
New York.
Size:
Encyclopedia Brittanica. Published in Edinburgh.
Scale 1"= 35 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Keywords: key (capital cities, county towns, railroads, canals) mountains, lakes, rivers.

Lay, Amos and Stansbury, Arthur J. A.J. Stansbury, del., Roberts, engr.
1801.
Map of the Northern Part of the State of New York, compiled from actual surveys by Amos Lay and Arthur J. Stansbury.
Size: 25.5"x 29.5" Engr. Colored:
Published by Brown and Stansbury.
Scale: 1"= 7 miles. New York.
Boundaries of map: Seneca Lake, Albany, Canadian border, Vermont.
Keywords: roads, rivers, lakes, counties, towns, villages, forts, land plats, Indian castles.

Lay, Amos.
1817, 1822, 1825.
Map of the State of New York, with parts of the States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey etc.
Size: 50"x 50" Engr. Colored Roll (1817-MSS).
Scale: I"= approx 7 miles. Prime Meridian: New York (Longitude west of London in margin).
Some changes between editions: 1817 manuscript edition title reads "compiled, corrected and published from the most recent authorities and accurate surveys by Amos Lay 1817, 2nd. ed. rev."
Keywords: key (turnpikes, roads, courthouses, houses of worship, colleges, forts, houses, mills, iron works, falls, indian villages, county lines), battlefields, springs, marshes, sand bars, glass works.

League of American Wheelmen, New York Division.
1893.
Cyclist's Road Map of New York.
Size: 21"x 25" (six sheets).
Scale: 1"= 5 miles. Prime Meridian: London.
Number of routes in sub-areas of state reflect number of contributions from cyclists.
Keywords: key (good and fair cycling roads, unrideable/unknown roads, hill grades) railroads, mountains, rivers, lakes.

Link, William. F.
1878.
Hudson River by Daylight, from New York Bay to the Head of Tidewater.
Size: 5.5"x 104" Lith. Colored.
Scale: 1"= 1.5 miles. (with booklet).
Strip Map. Published in New York by William F. Link.
Complete title: Hudson River by Daylight, from New York Bay to the head of tidewater, containing names of streams, islands and heights of mountains, also the names of prominent residences, historic landmarks and old Indian names."
Keywords: rivers, islands, historic landmarks, residences, Indian names, anchorages, mountains, towns, counties.

Lloyd, J.T.
1864.
Lloyd's Topograpical Map of the Hudson River from the head of navigation at Troy to its confluence with the ocean at Sandy Hook.
Size: 33.2"x 49".
Strip Map. Published in New York and London by J.T. Lloyd.
Scale: 1"= approx 1 mile, 1: 55,640.
Map has large advertisement for Lloyd's maps warning against imitations.
Keywords: cities, towns, property owners, houses, woods, docks, manufacturies, historical notes.

Lucas, F.: J.Yeager, engr.
1823.
Geographical, Statistical and Historical Map of New York.
Size:16"x 20" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: A Complete Historical, Chronological and Geographical American Atlas.
Published in Philadelphia by H.C. Carey and I. Lea.
Scale: 1"= 30 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Another version, drawn by F. Lucas, published in Baltimore, is map # 50 found in Lucas' "A General Atlas containing all the known countries in the World."
Insets: Erie Canal, notes and appendix.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, towns.

?Lucas, Fielding. S.Tanner, engr.
1816 (1825?).
New York.
Size: 8"x 10.5" Engr.
Atlas: Lucas, "A New and Elegant Atlas," (#40). Published in ?Philadelphia. Scale: 1"=43 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Philadelphia .
This map has no date or publisher, but corresponds to the atlas page noted (LC Atlas 3542).
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, counties, towns

Magnus, Charles.
c1850.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 17.5"x 21.7" Engr. Colored.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset maps: map of Long Island and view of Niagara Falls.
Keywords: key (cities, county towns, villages, post offices, depots, canals, railroads, stage roads, roads) mountains, rivers, lakes. Inset maps.

Matthews-Northrup Co.
1899 copyright.
New York.
Size: 15.5" x 19.5 ".
Atlas? Published in Buffalo by Matthews-Northrup Co.
Scale: 1"= 21 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London (B) Washington.
Key indicates place size by size of lettering- "Other places are graduated from GREAT cities down through Big Towns and important villages to little villages and mere stations") Grid reference (1, 2, 3, & A,B,C and gazetteer on reverse, text by R. G. Dun (1903), indicating merchants in each town.
Keywords: key (state capital, county seats, cities, towns, villages, railroads) rivers, lakes, mountains.

Matthews-Northrup Co.
1895.
New York Central and Hudson River Railroad, Adirondack Division.
Size:
Published by Buffalo by Matthews-Northrup Co.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles.
Grid reference system for locations, and lodging with rates and distances from stations on reverse- titled: "Principal Lakes, Ponds, Hotels, Boarding houses and Camps in the Adirondack Mountains, with their locations, dates of opening and closing, and other important information for tourists."
Keywords: key (carriage roads, trails, proposed boundary of Adirondack Park) railroads, lakes, rivers, mountains. Grid reference system.

McAlpine, W.J. David Vaughn, engr.
1854.
Map of the State of New York showing its Water and Railroad Lines.
Size: 20"x 25" Lith. Colored Outline.
Published in Albany by J. E. Gavit.
Scale 1"= approx 18 miles
Title subheading "under the direction of Wm. J. McAlpine." Second copy with annotations includes additional data.
Keywords: key (railroads (existing, in progress, proposed), canals) rivers, lakes mountains, towns.

McCalpin, William.
1808.
A Map of the State of New York.
10.5"x 12.5" Engr.
Pocket Atlas. Published in Oxford.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. "69 miles to a degree." Prime Meridian: New York.
Keywords: cartouche, key (roads, villages, forts), mountains, counties, springs, adjacent states.

Merrill, Frederick J. H.
1895.
Economic and Geologic Map of the State of New York, showing the location of mineral deposits.
Size: Lith.
Roll. Published in New York by Julius Bien and Co. (University of the State of New York).
Scale:
Mineral deposits: limestone. magnetite, haematite, garnet, granite, talc, sand, salt wells, gas wells, gypsum, oil fields, refractory clays, clays, stone quarries, mineral springs.
Keywords: geologic periods, rock types, mineral deposits.

Meyer.
1851.
Neueste Karte von New York mit seinen canalen, strassen, eisenbahner, Entfernungen de hauptpunkte und routen fur dampfschiffe.
Size: 11.7" x 14.5" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: Meyer's' Grosser Zeitung Atlas # 78. Published in Amsterdam by Bibliographischen Instituts zu Hildburghausen.
Scales: various European "miles." Prime Meridian: Washington.
Graphic scales for "geographical miles." for English, French, Spanish Portuguese, Italian, Danish, Swedish, Turkish, Greek miles., also Russian "wester" and "see miles.". Note in margin refers to degrees west of "Ferro" (?Faroe Islands), NYC is 56 degrees west of Ferro. Profile of Erie canal, which disappeared from native atlases c. 1830's. Lists of steamboat mileage from New York City to Albany, Philadelphia, Niagara.
Keywords: European, scales, canal profile, mountains, steamboat mileage.

Mitchell, Augustus.
1832, 1836, 1838, 1839, 1843, 1846.
Map of the State of New York, compiled from the latest authorities.
Size: 16.5" x 21.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in Philadelphia).
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) Washington, (B) London.
Key is called "explanations" includes present, in progress and proposed canals, present and proposed railroads, turnpikes and common roads. Mileage is listed along roads. Cover lists counties with populations and county seats. 1836 and after map named "Traveller's Map of New York, but with no map changes. Includes parts of neighboring states and Canada. Hudson river map in style similar to Cammeyer.
Inset maps: Hudson River (New York to Albany), Niagara Falls, Rochester, Albany, New York City.
Keywords: Key (canals, turnpikes, railroads, roads, county towns) mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.

Mitchell, S. Augustus W.H. Gamble, drawn and engr.
1867, 1870.
County Map of the State of New York.
Size: 22.5" x 15.3" Engr. Colored Outlines.
Atlas: S.A.Mitchell's New General Atlas #18. Published in Philadelphia by S.A.Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 23 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Changes between editions: addition of railroads.
Inset maps: Troy, Albany, Vicinity of New York, Rochester, Buffalo.
Keywords: key (state capital, county towns, towns, railroads, canals, counties) mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.

Mitchell, S. Augustus, W.H. Gamble, del. and engr.
1874, 1877.
County Map of the State of New York.
Size: 14"x 21.5" Engr. Colored.
Published in Philadelphia by S.A. Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 23 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Inset maps: Albany, Buffalo, Troy, N.Y. Harbor, Rochester, Buffalo.
Keywords: key (state capital, county towns, towns, railroads, canals) counties, rivers, lakes, mountains. Inset maps.

Mitchell, S.A.
1858, cop. 1857.
Mitchell's County and Township Map of the State of New York, showing the adjoining portions of New England, New Jersey and Pennsylvania with their internal improvements.
Size: 40"x 49" Engr. Colored.
Roll. Published in Philadelphia by S. Augustus Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Niagara Falls notes.
Keywords: key (county towns, towns, villages, roads, existing, in progress and proposed railroads and canals) mountains, lakes, rivers, counties, townships.

Morse, Jedidiah J. Roper, engr.
1794.
A Map of The State of New York.
Size: 6.5" x 8.5" Engr.
Atlas: The American Atlas. Published in London by J. Stockdale.
Scale: 1" = approx 45 miles.
Map in Jedidiah Morse's "The American Geography, or a view of the present situation of the United States of America," New edition revised, corrected and enlarged for J. Stockdale.
Keywords: rivers, towns, lakes.

?NYS Engineers.
1880.
Profiles of the New York Canals and feeders, showing elevations of the water surface above tidewater and junction of lateral canals with Erie canal.
Size: 24"x 40" Lith.
Legislative Manual. Published in Albany by Weed and Parsons.
Scale:
Connections for coal and iron transport.
Inset map: State of New York with canals.
Keywords: cartouche, canals, railroads, cities, towns, villages, mountains. Inset map.

?New York State: Albany State Legislature
1892.
New Railroad County and Township Map of New York showing every railroad station and post office in the state ( to accompany the Legislative Manual 0f 1892).
Size: 29 "x 32" Lith. Colored Outline.
Legislative Manual, 1892. Published in Chicago by Rand McNally & Co.
Scale 1"= 11 miles.
Hotels in Coney Island, by name.
Inset maps: Vicinity of New York, Long Island, Buffalo.
Keywords: towns, mountains, lakes, rivers. Inset maps.

New York State Department of Agriculture.
1899.
Map of butter and cheese factories.
Size: Lith.
Published in Albany by NYS Dept. of Agriculture.
Scale:.
Keywords: counties, butter and cheese factories.

Newberry, J.S. Wm. P. Northrup & Co, engr., H.H. Vail, del.
1878.
Map of the vicinity of New York for the eclectic geographies.
Size: ?Engr.
Atlas. Published in Buffalo? by Van Antwerp, Bragg and Co.
Scale: 1"= 4 miles. Prime Meridian: London.
Colored isobaths in New York harbour.
Keywords: counties, towns, railroads, parks, mountains, rivers, lakes, swamps, soundings.

Phelps, Humphrey.
1831.
A Map of the State of New York, with the latest improvements.
Size: 16" x 19.5" Engr. Colored outline.
Pocket Atlas. New York.
Scale: 1"= 21 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington.
Rivers in adjacent states.
See also [1825] photograph of eastern part of State, [1826] mutilated copy.
Insets: profile of Erie canal, statistical tables.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, roads, 'proposed railroad'. Insets.

Pierce, J.
1831.
A Reference and Distance Map of the State of New York.
Size: 18.5" x 20" Engr. Colored.
?Pocket Atlas. New Haven, CN.
Scale: 1"= 19 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington.
Land ownership in Canada. Grid reference system for place location, with 1830 population census statistics, table of distances. Style and area similar to Williams' map.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, canals, turnpikes, 'proposed railroad'.

Rand McNally & Co.
1894.
New Railroad and County Map of New York with portions of adjacent States. Size: 41"x 60" Lith. Colored.
Roll. Published in Chicago by Rand McNally & Co.
Scale: 1"= approx. 8 miles.
Keywords: railroads, mountains. towns, counties.

?Rand McNally.
1883.
New Railroad, County and Township Map of New York, showing every railroad station and post office in the State.
Size: 29"x 31". Published in Chicago by Rand McNally.
Scale 1"= 11 miles.
See 1892 map in Legislative Manual.
Inset maps: Vicinity of New York, Long Island.
Keywords: railroads, counties, mountains, lakes and rivers. Inset maps.

Sage, J. and Sons.
1858.
Map of the Railroads of the State of New York showing the Stations, Distances and Connections with Other Roads.
Size: 22.5"x 29" Lith. Colored.
Published in Buffalo by Petingale and Behn .
Scale:
Railroads designated by colored lines and identified by company, railroad stations for each line in border.
Keywords: counties, lakes, railroads, railroad stations.

Smith, J. Calvin.
1858.
Map of the State of New York, showing the location of boundaries of counties and townships, cities, towns and villages, the courses of railroads, canals and stageroads.
Size: 18.5"x 24" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by J. Disturnell.
Scale: 1"= 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
See 1841 citation
Inset maps: St. Lawrence river (from NY state line to Quebec), City of New York environs.
Keywords: Key (courthouses, canals, railroads, stage roads, proposed railroads) mountains, rivers lakes, counties, townships, towns. Inset maps.

Smith, J. Calvin Sherman and Smith, engr.
1841, 1842, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1858.
Map of the State of New York showing the location of the boundaries of counties and townships, cities, towns and villages, the courses of railroads, canals and stage roads.
Size: 18"x 23.5" Engr. (steel) Colored.
Published in New York by J. Disturnell.
Scale: 1" = 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Changes: from 1843 edition on: changes in Adirondacks. 1846 Hudson River removed. 1850: vicinity of New York inset removed.
Inset maps: St. Lawrence river (from NY state line to Quebec), City of New York environs, vicinity of New York (to Newburgh), with Croton aqueduct.
Keywords: Key (courthouses, canals, railroads, stage roads, proposed railroads) mountains, rivers lakes, counties, towns. Inset maps.

Spafford's Gazetteer.
1813.
(New York State in 1813).
Size: 8.5"x 7".
Spafford's Gazetteer. Published in Albany.
Scale: 1"= approx. 30 miles.
Keywords: rivers, counties, neighboring states.

Sweet, S.H. and Greene, D.M. (state surveyors).
1874, 1875, 1876*.
Revised Map of the Railroads of the State of New York, prepared under the direction of S.H. Sweet and D.M. Greene.
Size: 36" x 24" Lith.
Legislative Manual. Published in Albany by Weed and Parsons.
Scale: 1"= 13 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
1876* edition "under the direction of J.D. Van Buren and D.M. Greene."
Keywords: railroads, canals, rivers, lakes, township lines.

Taintor Brothers and Merrill.
1874.
Map of the State of New York.
Size: 33.5" x 22" Lith. Colored.
Atlas. Published in New York by Taintor Bros. and Merrill.
Scale: 1"= 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (T) London, (B) Washington.
Keywords: counties, towns, rivers, lakes, mountains.

Tanner, H.S. W. Brose, engr.
1833, 1830.
A new map of the State of New York with its canals, roads and distances from place to place along the stage and steamboat routes.
Size: 11"x 13" Engr. Colored.
Atlas: Tanner's Universal Atlas. Published in Philadelphia.
Scale: 1"= 45 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
See also 1833 map by Tanner of Pennsylvania with adjoining states including New York.
Insets: Erie canal profile, with named locks and levels. Steamboat routes and mileage from New York to Albany, Philadelphia and Niagara Falls.
Keywords: Key (canals, railroads, proposed works, stage roads) towns, counties rivers, falls and springs. Insets.

Vance, D. H.: Balch, Rawdon & Co, engr.
1823, 1824.
Map of the Western Part of New York.
Size: 26"x 56" Engr.
Roll.
Scale: 1"= 5 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Insets: Erie canal profile, statistical tables.
Keywords: key (villages, mills/manufactories, canals/locks, seats of justice, post offices, roads, named turnpikes, township and county boundaries), mountains, rivers, lakes, springs, some glass works. Insets.

Wade, William William Wade, engr.
1845, 1847.
Panorama of the Hudson River from New York to Albany.
Size: 6"x 150" Engr. Colored.
Strip Map. Published in New York by William Wade.
Scale 1"= approx 1 mile .
Panorama of both sides Hudson shore from the river, including towns, 1847 changes: addition of river section from Albany to Waterford, steamboats, vignette of Cohoes Falls. 1845 edition also published by William Croome in Philadelphia. 1847 edition published by J. Disturnell.
Keywords: towns, houses, landscape, panorama, edition changes.

Watson, Gaylord.
1873 (cop. 1869).
Watson's New County and Township map of New York, showing railroad stations, distances, post offices etc., etc.,
Size: 33"x 35" Lith. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in New York by Gaylord Watson.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Inset map: Long Island (scale 1" = 4 miles.).
Keywords: key (county capitals, townships, villages, post offices, railroads and unfinished railroads, canals) mountains, rivers, lakes, counties. Inset map.

?Weed, Parsons & Co.
1865.
Map of the State of New York 1865, showing the Population of Towns and Wards.
Size: Lith.
Legislative Manual. Published in Albany by Weed, Parsons & Co.
Scale:
Inset maps: New York City , Troy, Buffalo, Syracuse, Hudson, Auburn, Lockport, Poughkeepsie, Rochester, Albany, Utica, Oswego, Schenectady, Elmira.
Keywords: key (boundaries of counties, assembly and senate districts, total and representative populations). Inset maps.

?Wightman, T. Wightman, T. engr.
1801.
The State of New York, compiled from the latest surveys.
Scale: 1"= 22.5 miles.
Keywords: rivers, lakes, mountains, turnpikes, some counties, land plats.

Williams, William Balch & Stiles, engr.
1827, 1828, 1829, 1830, 1831, 1843.
The Tourist's Map of the State of New York, compiled from the latest authorities
Size: 19.5" x 20.5" Engr. Colored.
Pocket Atlas. Published in Utica.
Scale: 1" = 18 miles. Prime Meridian: (B) London, (T) Washington.
Edition changes: 1827-28 editions are the same. Notation "in the Surveyor-General's office" added in 1829 edition. 1829-1831 changes: stage, canal and steamboat timetables updated and expanded, Erie canal profile description removed, details on Hudson Rivers and of adjacent states added.
Insets: Erie and Champlain canal profiles.
Keywords: roads, canals, towns, forts, timetables. Insets.

Winterbottom, William.
1796.
The State of New York, compiled from the most authentic information.
Size: 15"x 17.7" MS. copy.
Atlas: American Atlas:#10.
Scale: 1" = 20 miles. Prime Meridian: (B.) Philadelphia: (T.) London.
Manuscript copy of map #10 in the American Atlas (LC1216).
Keywords: MS

Young, J.H. J.H. Young, engr.
1845, 1847, 1850.
The Empire State New York with its counties, towns and villages.
Size: 42"x 51" Engr. Colored.
Roll. Published in Philadelphia by S.A. Mitchell.
Scale: 1"= 10 miles. Prime Meridian: Washington.
Copyright 1844.
Insets: tables (railroads, canals in progress, population statistics on towns, births/deaths, classes of inhabitants, agriculture, manufactures, religion, education from the 1845 state census.
Views: "Evacuation of New York, 1783", "Surrender of Burgoyne, 1777", "McDonough's Victory, 1814", "Canal Celebration, 1825".
Keywords: cartouche, key (capital, towns, villages, canals, railroads, stage roads, roads), tables, population statistics. Insets, views.

Keyword Index

Reference indicates map number on list (New York State Maps: 1793-1900: References by Date)
Boundaries, Counties, Lakes, Rivers, Townships, Towns, and Villages appear on almost every map and therefore are not referenced.

Aqueduct 36

Battlefields 16, 63

Canal(s) 18, 20, 21, 24, 25, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 35, 36, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 65, 66, 68, 77

--- guidebook 34

--- profiles 18, 20, 21, 24, 25, 26, 30, 33, 40, 66

Cartouche 8, 9, 17, 32, 38, 41, 42, 50, 66

Churches 16, 32

Colleges 16, 21, 22, 31

Courthouses 16, 18, 36, 51

Cyclists' Map 72

Docks 54

Glass works 16, 18

Forts 5, 9, 11, 13, 16, 24, 32

Indian "castles" 5, 7, 8

--- reservations 1, 21

--- names 63

Inset maps

Albany 29, 31, 32, 35, 41, 50, 52, 56, 57, 61

Auburn 23, 56

Brooklyn 32, 41, 50, 52

Buffalo 32, 41, 50, 52, 56, 57, 61, 70

Central Park 55

Champlain 31, 35

Elmira 56

Hudson 56

Hudson River 25, 29, 32, 34, 36, 37, 45, 47, 54, 63, 76

Ithaca 32

Lockport 32, 56

New York City 28, 29, 31, 32, 36, 40, 47, 51, 56, 61, 64, 69, 70, 73, 77

Niagara Falls 29, 31, 35, 44, 47

Niagara River see Niagara Falls

Oswego 32, 52, 56

Poughkeepsie 32, 56

Rochester 32, 41, 47, 50, 52, 56, 57, 61

St. Lawrence River 36, 51

Schenectady 32, 56

Syracuse 32, 41, 50, 52, 56

Troy 32, 41, 50, 52, 56, 57, 61

Utica 31, 32, 41, 50, 56

Iron works 7, 8, 16

Land plats (cadastral) 1, 5, 6, 27

Manufactories 18, 54

Marshes 8, 16

Mills 7, 16, 18, 32

Mountains 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 22, 23, 25, 26, 28, 29, 32, 33, 34, 36, 39, 40, 41, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 76, 78

Population statistics 38, 42, 43 (see also Statistical Tables)

Post Offices 18, 39, 43, 44, 52, 55, 58, 65, 67, 69, 70, 73

Railroad(s) 29, 30, 32, 34, 36, 38, 39, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 55, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 73, 74, 76, 77, 78

--- depots 39, 41, 44, 49, 50, 52, 58, 67, 70, 77

Sandbars 17

Springs 9, 16, 18, 30, 75

Stage routes 30, 34, 36, 38, 39, 51

Statistical tables 18, 20, 26, 27, 29, 38, 42, 43, 65, 69

Steamboat routes 24, 30, 31, 40

Timetables 24, 31, 35

Turnpikes 6, 16, 17, 18, 25, 27, 28, 29, 47

Views

Black Rock Village 22

Cohoes Falls 37

Erie Canal 22, 32

New York City 42

Niagara Falls 39, 41, 50

Portage Falls 55

Rochester 22

Yonkers 55

Vignettes 38, 50, 55

 

Last Updated: January 29, 2014