Selected Civil War Collections held by the
Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit of the
New York State Library

Alphabetical list, with a brief description of each collection

(?), Andrew.
Letter (ca.1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17443.

This letter appears to have been written by a soldier who was involved in skirmishes that took place near Williamsburg and Yorktown, Virginia.

(?), Frank. 44th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1861). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 20568.

The two letters, sent to his mother, comment on his duties in the company commissary department.

(?), Gerry.
Letter (August 5, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17415.

The letter discusses the First Battle of Bull Run and the war in general from the perspective of a student attending a school at Lenox, Massachusetts.

(?), James. 117th Illinois Infantry.
Letters (1863-1865). 4 items.
Collection Call Number: 15040.

These four letters, sent to his family in New York State, comment on the movement of troops from Memphis to Vicksburg and the post-war Union Army occupation of Montgomery, Alabama.

(?), Victor. 1st New York Engineers
(Letterhead). Letter (April 20, 1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16057.

This letter contains a description of the way Richmond, Virginia, looked at the end of the war; the surnames of the author and the recipient are not identified.

[Anonymous].
Diary (1864). 1 item (42 p.).
Collection Call Number: 22851.

This diary kept by an unidentified soldier comments on his experiences and mentions being in Washington, D. C., at the time President Lincoln was assassinated.

Abbott, Jared T. Captain, 185th Infantry, Co. I.
Papers (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11926.

This collection consists chiefly of financial and administrative records of Company I of the 185th New York Infantry Regiment during the American Civil War. These records include volunteer enlistment agreements of 30 individuals from Fabius, New York, who enlisted for service in August and September 1864; invoices, vouchers, reports, etc., related to clothing, camp, garrison equipment, and ordnance suppled to the company; reports and inventories of ordnance and other supplies used in specific engagements. Finding aid available on site. Finding aid to the Jared T. Abbott Papers.

Abel, Reuben.
Papers (1823-1878). 1 box (215 items; 0.25 cu.ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13267.

This collection includes a letter received by Dr. Reuben Abel from Henry Bates, a chaplain with the 22nd New York Volunteers. Written at Pratt’s Landing, Virginia on March 20, 1863, Bates commented on the issue of slavery and other matters related to the war. Finding aid available on site.

Adsit, James (ca. 1836-1862). 97th New York Infantry, Co. F.
Letters (1861-1862). 19 items.
Collection Call Number: 18797.

The collection consists chiefly of letters James Adsit sent his wife, Mary, regarding his experiences of military service during the Civil War. He details life in various army camps in Virginia and Maryland, weather conditions, and the state of his health and his many afflictions. His last letter, dated October 13, 1862, discusses the Battle of Antietam, where he was seriously wounded. The collection also includes two letters Mary received from the hospital regarding the death of her husband. The 1860 Federal Census indicates James and Mary Adsit had two children, Melford and Aurella, and the family lived in Oppenheim, Fulton County, New York. Finding aid available on site.

Albany Army Relief Association.
Journal (1861-1869). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD13614.

Journal of minutes of business meetings and financial reports of this charitable organization established to raise funds for the purpose of improving sanitary conditions in Union Army camps and hospitals.

Albany Zouave Cadets. 177th New York Infantry.
Collection (1860-1910). 7 boxes (4 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14322.

The collection includes the constitution and by-laws of the organization as well as minutes, letterbooks and other material related to organizational and business matters. Also contains scrapbooks with newsclippings about meetings, special programs and obituaries of its members. Finding aid to the Albany Zouave Cadets Collection.

Allen, William W. (1829-1866).
Papers (1841-1871). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12351.

This collection includes two letters concerning the shipment of medical supplies to Union Army hospitals. Finding aid to the William W. Allen Papers.

Ames, Albert (1838-1864). 1st New York Artillery.
Papers (1857-1890). 1 box (0.25 cu.ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12224.

These papers consist chiefly of letters related to the military service of Albert Ames during the Civil War. The letters were sent mostly to his family in Oswego, New York, or to his father in Albany, New York. In addition to descriptions of battles and campaigns, the letters contain much information about camp life, army gossip, comments on patriotism. Albert was a conscientious young man who fought solely for the reunion of his country and he never mentions slavery as an issue worth fighting about. The collection includes a small pocket diary kept by Albert from May 3 to September 16, 1864, which details daily activities and accounts of mess (food) supplied to officers in Battery G for September 1864; obituaries, letters of condolence, and other papers concerning his death; and a historical and biographical sketch about Albert that was written in 1890 by Nelson Ames, who later wrote a book about the 1st N.Y. Light Artillery in the war. Finding aid to the Albert Ames Papers.

Arthur, Chester Alan. NYS Quartermaster General.
Letters (1862-1879). 4 items.
Collection Call Number: V21150.

This collection includes two items containing information about supply requisitions and appointments of officers.

Ashley, Jesse Albert. 2nd Lieutenant, 109th New York Infantry, Co. K;
Sergeant, 109th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letters (1862-1865). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 21808.

These letters written mostly at the regimental headquarters near Annapolis, Maryland, comment on administrative activities.

Austin, John N. 81st New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letter (September 14, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19289.

This letter describes skirmishes between Union and Confederate troops in the vicinity of Yorktown, Virginia.

Averell, William Woods. General, U.S. Cavalry.
Papers (1836-1910). 29 boxes (8 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12349.

These papers include personal correspondence and diaries as well as official correspondence, dispatches, orders, reports and other material documenting Averell's command of U.S. Cavalry divisions. There is detailed information on cavalry operations in the Peninsular Campaign, the Battle of Fredericksburg, a skirmish at Kelly's Ford, Virginia, and the Shenandoah Valley campaign in 1864. Also included are the manuscript of Averell's memoirs of his military career, Ten Years in the Saddle, and documents concerning the controversial removal of Averell from his command by General Philip Sheridan. Finding aid to the William Woods Averell Papers.

Babcock, Allen H. (1840-1910). Sergeant, 92nd New York Infantry, Co. H;
1st Lieutenant, 40th New York Infantry, Co. G.
Papers (1864-1879). 1 box (21 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14395.

The collection consists of a group of diaries and other documents related to Babcock's military service. The diaries contain information on camp life and activities of the quartermaster store. Other papers include quartermaster store receipts, muster rolls, and personal service records. Finding aid available on site.

Baker, E. W.
Letter (May 12, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 11352.

This letter contains anecdotes on life in Elmira, Chemung County, New York, at the onset of the war. Baker comments on the housing shortage and crowded conditions that resulted from the massive influx of men into the city. Elmira was a center for mustering in soldiers for service in the Union Army.

Barnes, Francis G. 21st New York Independent Battery Light Artillery;
Lieutenant, 80th U.S.C.T..
Papers (1861-1865). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20332.

This collection consists of 69 letters written by Francis G. Barnes to his wife, Frances M. Barnes, plus two manuscript documents that cover his entire career in the Army during the Civil War. Barnes was a native of Phoenix, Oswego County, New York. He served in the 21st New York Independent Battery. Later he was commissioned as an officer of a regiment of African-American soldiers, which is detailed in his letters. These letters also include many anecdotes about Southern culture and life and about African-Americans. Included are transcriptions and essays compiled by John Demos, a Harvard undergraduate. Finding aid to the Francis G. Barnes Letters.

Batcheller, George S. Lt. Colonel, 115th New York Infantry.
Papers (1858-1927). 17 boxes (7 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11218.

Included in this collection are letters and other documents related to Batcheller's command of the 115th New York Infantry Regiment. The letters detail operations in the Shenandoah Valley in September and October 1862 and being taken prisoner in October at the siege of Harper’s Ferry. After being paroled in a prisoner exchange in December 1862, his military papers shed light on his service with the 10th Army Corps as Deputy Provost Marshal General, Department of the South, and his participation in campaigns in Virginia and at Hilton Head and Charleston. Finding aid to the George S. Batcheller Papers.

Baum, A. Clark. Surgeon, 50th New York Engineers.
Letters (1863-1864). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 12371.

These letters provide information on medical care provided to soldiers wounded in battle along with comments on the battle at Cold Harbor.

Benedict, Artemas. 24th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1861-1863). 12 items.
Collection Call Number: 19287.

These letters provide an interesting perspective of how soldiers' opinions about the war changed during the early years of the conflict. The tone of the first letters is optimistic and talk of an easy Union victory, but eventually the tone becomes quite pessimistic after several Union Army defeats.

Benedict, Lewis A. (1817-1864). Lt. Colonel, 73rd New York Infantry;
Colonel, 102nd New York Infantry.
Papers (1859-1868). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC7825.

The collection is comprised of official correspondence and documents related mostly to the Battle of Williamsburg, 1862. Also included are convoy orders of General Nathanial Banks's river expedition and a map of the Battle of Pleasant Hill, 1862. Finding aid available on site.

Bennett, William (b. 1838). First Lieutenant, 143rd New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letter ( January 22, 1863). 1 item (8 p.).
Collection Call Number: 22946.

This letter, addressed to Captain Dorrance, details the state of affairs of Company E while encamped near Upton Hill, Virginia. it includes names and information about fellow officers. This letter was accompanied by a list of names of soldiers and the number of days they boarded themselves after enlistment.

Beveridge, Alexander (ca, 1831-1862). 123rd New York Infantry, E.
Papers (1862). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22957.

This group of 14 manuscript letters tell the brief, but moving, story of Alexander Beveridge, from the beginning of his military service in August 1862 to his death in December 1862. Most of the items were addressed to his sister, Mary, in Hebron, Washington County, New York, and detail his journey to New York to muster into service and then to the battlefields of Virginia. In his letter of August 23, he writes dramatically to his sister, his instructions regarding his estate should he fall in battle. The letter of September 23 a hand-drawn map of the camp in Virginia. Also included are three letters written by officers and fellow soldiers regarding the circumstances of his death.

Blake, William. Captain, 56th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Papers (1895-1896). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft,).
Collection Call Number: SC21962.

These papers relate to the reunion of Civil War veterans of the 56th New York Volunteers (10th Legion) that was held in 1896. Included are many letters containing reminiscences of experiences and events of the war.

Blodgett, Alonzo D. Adjutant, 42nd Militia.
Correspondence (1861-1865). 23 items.
Collection Call Number: 18754.

This collection of letters, received by Blodgett from soldiers of the 157th and the 185th New York Infantry regiments, provide information on the experiences of life in army camps and activities of the aforesaid regiments.

Blodgett, Hiram. 1st Lieutenant, 76th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Correspondence (1861-1863). 8 items.
Collection Call Number: 18909.

These letters received by Blodgett from military officials concern the proper procedures for enlisting and mustering in soldiers.

Bloomer, Hiram. Sergeant, 137th New York Infantry, Co. 1.
Letter (May 23, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20934.

The letter, written at a camp near Aquia Creek, Virginia, discusses the retreat of Company I after the Battle of Chancellorsville. He also wrrites about fellow soldiers who were killed in action or taken prisoner.

Bodamer, John A. 24th New York Cavalry, Co. M.
Papers (1861-1903). 12 items.
Collection Call Number: 19301.

These papers include Bodamer's enrollment application, discharge certificate and other personal service records as well as portraits of himself and family members.

Bogart, Abram. 144th New York Infantry, Co. I;
144th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letters (1862-1865). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 20645.

A group of letters addressed to his wife Mary M. Bogart at home in Masonville, Delaware County, New York, regarding his experiences of military service during the Civil War. He details life in army camps and daily routine of drill and picket duty. He also comments on the conduct of officers and perceived hypocrisy of political leaders at the time. For example, in the letter of May 28, 1863, he states ".. this is a war of shoulder straps and money to the officers and not to put down the rebellion..," and in a letter postmarked January 1864 he exclaims, "..I should never have been here for it is nothing but a political war.." Finding aid to the Abram Bogart Letters.

Bond, Ella G.
Letter (June 11, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19293.

This letter was from her Uncle Ben, who was a soldier serving in Company G of the 169th N.Y. Infantry. He wrote about convalescing at a Philadelphia hospital after having been wounded in battle.

Boughton, William DeLancey. 49th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Diary (1861-1864). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD10528.

This volume is a transcript of a diary kept by Boughton. In it he describes the action he witnessed at Williamsburg, Antietam and Petersburg and provides information on camp life, drill, picket duty, and troop morale. There was no information recorded from October 1862 to May 1864.

Bowen, James.
Letter (July 10, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17922.

In a letter addressed to Governor Edwin D. Morgan, the author recommended that the enrollment quotas be strictly limited to the confines of state senatorial districts.

Bradt, Henry V. 134th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Papers (1844-1898). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13071.

These papers include correspondence, 1882-1890, and financial records, 1894-1898, of G.A.R. Post No. 90, of which Bradt served as secretary. Finding aid available on site.

Braman, Waters Whipple (1840-?). Captain, 93rd New York Infantry.
Letters (1862-1865). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12780.

This group of letters, addressed to Braman's family in Troy, New York, provides vivid descriptions of battles and campaigns at Antietam, Williamsburg, Fredericksburg, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna River (Va.), and Petersburg Crater. Included also is information on the positions and maneuvers of other regiments involved in the aforementioned battles as well as candid observations about life in the officers' quarters. Finding aid to the Waters Whipple Braman Letters.

Letter from Waters Whipple Braman, July 5, 1863

Brewster, John L. 9th New York Cavalry, Co. C.
Letters (1862-1864). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 21162.

This collection consists chiefly of letters Brewster sent to his wife, Martha, from an army hospital near Washington, D.C., while he was convalescing from wounds received in battle. Also included are a pocket-size account memorandum book of his personal finances, and a letter of condolence written by a nurse at the hospital after he had died. Finding aid available on site.

Brockway, Andrew. 107th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (1863-1864). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 18788.

In these letters, written to his siblings who resided in Prattsburg, Steuben County, New York, Brockway discussed the routine aspects of soldiering such as camp life and drill. He also conveyed his fears about what the future held, as death appeared to be imminent from disease or battle. Lastly, he expressed utter disdain towards Copperheads, whom he believed were responsible for the low morale and the many desertions of soldiers from the Union Army. Finding aid available on site.

Brown, Orsell Cook (1835-1881). Sergeant, 140th New York Infantry;
44th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Papers (1861-1881). 3 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10598.

This collection is comprised chiefly of letters written by Brown to his sister in Ashville, New York, about battles and campaigns at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and the Wilderness. His letters are well written and quite detailed in regards to his observations and experiences. Included is a photo album containing pictures of many fellow soldiers in the 44th New York Volunteers. Finding aid to the Orsell Cook Brown Papers..

Brown Family, (William R. Brown). Chaplain, 91st New York Infantry.
Papers (1850-1930). 3 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16836.

The collection includes papers relating to William R. Brown's service as an army chaplain during the Civil War.

Bruce, Thomas T. Captain, 12th New York Cavalry, Co. K.
Letter (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 21934.

This letter, written at Camp Palmer, North Carolina, concerns bounty payments due two enlisted men.

Bryson, John. 30th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Manuscript (ca. 1895). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD13659.

This is a manuscript regimental history of the 30th Infantry, the recruits for which came mostly from Rensselaer, Saratoga, and Schenectady counties in New York State. It contains detailed descriptions of the battles and campaigns in which this regiment participated as well as anecdotal information on individual soldiers and officers. Also included is a roster of officers and soldiers.

Buchner, Simon Bolivar (1823-1914). Brigadier General, Confederate States of America.
Letter (Facsimile) (February 16, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 11566.

This letter addressed to General Grant concerns the terms for surrendering Fort Donnalson, Tennessee.

Bunn, Isaac. Captain, 81st New York Infantry, Co. F.
Letters (1861-1864). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 21045.

The letters, sent to Bunn's sister, cover the landing of troops at the Battle of Bermuda Hundred and other action he witnessed in skirmishes near Yorktown and Petersburg, Virginia.

Bunnell, Luther G. (ca. 1836-1864). 143rd New York Infantry, Co. D.
Letters (1862-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14002.

This collection of letters was sent by Bunnell to his siblings and parents while he was serving in the Army. Primary recipients were his sisters Louisa and Eliza. The letters indicate he was stationed in the vicinity of Washington, D.C., from October 1862 to April 1863, then in the vicinity of Norfolk, Virginia, until July 1863. Thereafter, the letters detail the participation of the 143rd Regiment in the Tennessee campaign during the autumn of 1863, particularly at Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge; then the Atlanta Campaign in May 1864, where it was engaged in skirmishes at Resaca and Dallas, Georgia. The letters also detail life in army camps and other routine aspects of military duty such as drill and picket duty. His frequently discusses his religious sentiments as well as afflictions from disease and battlefield wounds. The collection also includes letters of condolence relative to Bunnell's death and correspondence of other family members. Finding aid to the Luther G. Bunnell Letters.

Burdick, Almond (ca. 1831-1864). 13th New York Heavy Artillery, D.
Letters (1864). 17 items.
Collection Call Number: 22766.

Letters sent to his wife, Sylvia, in Scio (Allegany County), New York, regarding his experiences of military service during the Civil War. He writes first from the processing center at Elmira, New York, and later from army camps in Virginia, detailing his experiences and activities along with news about fellow soldiers from his hometown. The letters cover the period from September 4 to November 6, 1864.

Burnham, Uberto Adalbert. 76th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Papers (1857-1928). 2 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11837.

These papers are comprised chiefly of letters sent to Burnham's parents and include details of action he witnessed at 2nd Battle of Bull Run, Fredericksburg and Gettysburg. They include comments on political and military leaders. Other papers include pocket diaries for 1863 and 1864 and a financial account book for equipment and supplies purchased by the 76th Regiment. Finding aid available on site.

Burrell, Jonathan. 121st New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1862-1864). 18 items.
Collection Call Number: 18689.

This group of letters, written at various army camps in Virginia, contain mostly news about fellow soldiers from Little Falls, New York, and vicinity.

Bush, Watson, W. Captain, 2nd New York Mounted Rifles, Co. B.
Letters (1864). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 16734.

The letters, sent to Bush's father, comment on the campaigns at Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor and Petersburg, Virginia. He discusses the impact of the war upon the morale of soldiers in his company as well as the combat action he has seen.

Calkins, Harriette.
Papers (1800-1940). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12631.

This compilation of genealogical and family history research materials on Wyoming County, New York, includes transcripts of letters and diaries of Civil War soldiers who served in the following New York State regiments: 8th Artillery, 21st Infantry, 136th Infantry, and 151st Infantry. Finding aid available on site.

Cameron, Simon (1779-1889). U.S. Secretary of War, 1861-1862.
Letter (November 1, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15787.

The letter concerns the exchange of Union Army and Confederate Army prisoners of war primarily to attain the release of James Gilmore of the 79th New York Infantry.

Campbell, James B. Captain, 10th New York Artillery, Co. C.
Reports (1865). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 18969.

These official reports regard the finances of regiments under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Noltoway District command at Petersburg, Virginia.

Canfield, Eardley N. (1818-?). Captain, 67th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Papers (1861-1867). 17 items.
Collection Call Number: 13656.

These papers consist mostly of correspondence concerning the Custer Austenreith Hospital Wagon. A sketch of this wagon is included.

Cannon, Ibri. 33rd Illinois Infantry.
Papers (1854-1899). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18810.

The papers include many letters regarding Cannon's military experiences during campaigns along the Mississippi River.

Carmody, Cornelius. 2nd New York Cavalry, Co. C.
Papers (1862-1864). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 16994.

The papers include a diary that provides a brief summary of daily activities along with information about the weather and road conditions when the regiment moved from place to place. Other papers consist mostly of various personal service records.

Carpenter, Henry B. 188th Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1864-1865). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 20333.

These are photocopies of original letters sent to Carpenter's wife regarding the siege of Petersburg, Virginia. The experiences and conditions of trench warfare are vividly described.

Cassiddy, Abram S.
Receipt book (1863-1868). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD21056.

The receipt book provides a record of pension payments made to widows of Union Army soldiers.

Chadwick Family, (Peter Remson Chadwick). 100th New York Infantry.
Papers (1843-1819). 5 boxes (1.5 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16555.

These papers include letters, diaries, and a personal narrative of Peter Remson Chadwick that relate to his military service during the Civil War. They provide detailed information about the Peninsular campaign, and other action he witnessed in Virginia and South Carolina. Finding aid to the (Peter Remson Chadwick) Chadwick Family Papers.

Chamberlain family (William Chamberlain). 14th New York Artillery, Co. K;
34th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Papers (1860-1890). 1 box (0.30 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22767.

These papers consist primarily of letters written to William Chamberlain, with a significant portion written during the Civil War, 1861-1865, from his brother, Orlando, who was actively engaged in fighting. These letters generally state where he was camped and often give some details about the fighting. Finding aid to the Chamberlain family (William Chamberlain) Papers.

Chapin, Darius. 1st Lieutenant, 1st New York Artillery.
Papers (1857-1951). 8 boxes (2.5 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14384.

This collection contains personal items created and collected by Chapin including correspondence, diaries, and a pocket ledger, much of which documents his service in the Quartermaster Department. Finding aid available on site.

Checquer, William. 162nd New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letter (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20610.

In this letter, sent to his uncle, Checquer describes his narrow escape from Confederate captors near Winchester, Virginia.

Church, Newton. 22nd New York Infantry, Co. G.
Letters (1863-1864). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 20909.

This group of letters concerns Church's disdain of military life and the controversy over his move to Louisiana soon after his discharge from service.

Civil War Military Records.
Collection (1846-1917). 4 boxes (1.5 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21141.

This collection consists chiefly of official records of army regiments and individual soldiers of New York State who participated in the Civil War from 1861 to 1865. Regimental records consist chiefly of muster rolls which provide alphabetical rosters of officers and enlisted men of companies; other regimental records include ordnance store reports, requisition forms, payroll receipts, and printed orders. Individual service records consist chiefly of volunteer enlistment certificates and discharge certificates issued to soldiers when they mustered in and mustered out. The collection also includes records related to applications submitted by veterans and/or their families after the war for additional bounty or pensions as provided by an act of Congress dated July 26, 1866. Finding aid to the Civil War Military Records Collection.

Clark, John (b. 1844). 24th New York Cavalry, Co. B.
Letters (1864-1865). 39 items.
Collection Call Number: 22764.

These letters, sent to family in East Schuyler, Herkimer County, New York, contain information on the Battle of Cold Harbor and his personal struggles with homesickness, physical illnesses, and battle wounds.

Clark Family, (Julius Clark). 1st Lieutenant, 81st New York Infantry.
Papers (1862-1923). 3 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21572.

This collection includes the papers of Julius Clark, who served in the 81st New York Infantry as a first lieutenant. They consist of military orders, supply requisitions, monthly returns of clothing and equipment, and other documents created by the 81st regiment quartermaster store.

Clemans, Sylvester W. (1818-1887). Chaplain, 115th New York Infantry.
Papers (1863-1887). 14 items.
Collection Call Number: 17732.

The papers consist mostly of personal service records and official orders. Included is a list of names of the sick and wounded of the 115th Regiment.

Coggeshall, George H. L. 127th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letters (1861-1862). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 17400.

These letters indicate that Coggeshall was strongly pro-Union and advocated swift military action against the states that seceded.

Cole, Charles E.
Papers (1864-1865). 1 box (17 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18355.

These letters, sent to Charles Cole of Troy, New York, from soldiers of the 12th N.Y. Independent Battery, contain personal accounts of life in military camps and experiences on the battlefield.

Come, Stephen F. 15th New York Artillery, Co. M.
Letters (1862-1865). 23 items.
Collection Call Number: 20174.

This group of letters, sent to Come's wife, comment on the various infirmities that kept him from active duty. Also included are letters written by Joseph Bruley of the 30th N.Y. Infantry, Company K, who discusses being taken prisoner during the battle of Fredericksburg, and subsequent imprisonment and escape from Libby Prison.

Comstock, C.B.
Letter (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18078.

This retained copy of a letter sent to General Hallack recommends that a court of inquiry be convened to investigate the failure of the Petersburg Crater expedition.

Cone, Alanson B. 123rd New York Infantry, Co. G.
Personal Narrative (1864). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD20893.

This unpublished personal narrative of Cone's wartime observations and experiences contains a detailed description of the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain (Ga.) and other action during the Atlanta Campaign.

Confederate Army Soldier (unidentified). 1st Maryland Confederate States of America. Artillery.
Personal Narrative (ca. 1861-1862). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD3929.

This item provides a detailed account of the Battle of Fredericksburg written from the perspective of a Confederate soldier. He frequently notes the position and maneuvers of both Union and Confederate regiments involved in the battles.

Cooper Family, (Dealton Cooper). 10th New York Artillery, Co. B.
Papers (1850-1870). 3 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18835.

These papers include the letters of Dealton Cooper, who served in the 10th New York Artillery during the Civil War. He discusses his experiences at the Battle of Cold Harbor (Va.) and the siege of Petersburg. Some letters contain comments about black soldiers serving in the Union Army. Finding aid available on site.

Corell, Philip (1847-?). 99th New York Infantry, Co. B;
5th U.S. Army Veteran Infantry, Co. E.
Papers (1862-1906). 3 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11850.

These papers include five pocket diaries that contain concise descriptions of naval operations near Cape Hatteras and other inlets near the outer banks of North Carolina. Corell also witnessed ground combat action near New Bern, North Carolina. These papers also include rosters and other materials relating to the published history of the 99th Regiment. Finding aid to the Philip Corell Papers.

Cowles, Edward Pitkin.
Letter (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 22152.

This letter written by Cowles regarding the presidential election campaign of 1864 gives his reasons for not supporting the re-election of Lincoln.

Crawford Family, (William L.). 20th U.S.C.T., Co. I.
Papers (1866-1871). 21 items.
Collection Call Number: 21430.

These papers include letters, an affidavit, and other legal documents related to William Crawford's entitlement to a military pension.

Crocker, John Simpson (1820-1890). Colonel, 93rd New York Infantry.
Papers (1862-1890). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18227.

Included in these papers are several detailed letters sent to Crocker's wife, Harriette, regarding his principal duty as the commander of the troops that were responsible for guarding the headquarters of the Union Army of the Potomac near Falmouth, Virginia. Other papers include a manuscript autobiography that contains recollections of his military career. Finding aid available on site.

Cunningham, William N. 1st New York Artillery, Co. D.
Letters (photocopies) (1862-1865). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 19236.

These letters concern the Union Army siege of Petersburg, with descriptions of troop entrenchment and occasional skirmishes between Union and Confederate forces.

Cushing, John.
Letter (February 19, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19625.

This letter written at a camp near Warrenton, Virginia, talks of Cushing's experience of picket duty.

Cutler, Carroll (1829-1894).
Letter (July 10, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17432.

The letter, sent to Cutler's father from Camp Chase, explains why he should enlist for military service even though clergy were exempt from conscription.

Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War.
Records (1912-1953). 3 boxes (20 v.; 1.00 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14782.

The records include minute books, 1912-1928, containing the proceedings of meetings; ritual books recording various ritualistic activities, 1935-1937; and membership record books containing biographical and genealogical information on members. Finding aid to the Daughters of Union Veterans of the Civil War Records.

Davendorf Family, (Albert C. and LaMotte K.). 3rd New York Artillery, Co. M.
Papers (1840-1935). 5 boxes (1.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12608.

These papers include letters written by two brothers, both of whom wrote about the action they witnessed at the Battle of New Bern and other skirmishes in North Carolina. Finding aid available on site.

Davis, Edwin P. Colonel, 153rd New York Infantry.
Papers (1870). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 16193.

The letters and an autobiographical narrative comment on the battles at Cedar Creek and Opequon, Virginia, providing detailed information about the strategic maneuvers and the regiments that were deployed in these battles.

Davis, Leander E. 1st New York Artillery, Co. M.
Letters (1861-1865). 71 items.
Collection Call Number: 19550.

This group of edited transcripts of original letters Davis sent to his wife regarding his battlefield experiences provide detailed descriptions of action he witnessed at Cedar Mountain, Antietam, and Chancellorsville. Later letters include details of Sherman's campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas.

Davis, Martin. 38th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letter (November 25, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15814.

This letter describes a troop inspection at Camp Scott, Virginia, by President Lincoln and General McClellan.

Day, Samuel Clark. 1st Lieutenant, 3rd New York Artillery, Co. C.
Letter (December 28, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19689.

This ten-page letter with sketch maps chronicle the military expedition from New Bern to Goldsboro, North Carolina, December 11-17, 1862. It includes detailed accounts of several skirmishes between Confederate and Union forces at several bridge crossings.

De Bell, William H. 109th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letter (April 6, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18963.

This letter, written at camp near Laurel, Maryland, comments on the hardships De Bell and his fellow soldiers experienced when coping with winter cold and snow.

Dempsey, P.
Personal Narrative (n.d.). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17698.

An autobiographical account of Dempsey's experiences as a prisoner of war at Andersonville Prison, 1864-1865.

Denike, Alice.
Manuscript 5 p.
Collection Call Number: 18469.

Unpublished manuscript about life in Dobbs Ferry, New York, during the war and the men who served as soldiers in the Union Army.

Dennis, William. 74th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letters (1861-1863). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14151.

This group of letters, sent to Dennis's brother, comment on the Peninsular Campaign and the Seven Days Battle. They also offer an interesting perspective on the attitudes and morale of Irish-American soldiers.

Dickinson, Daniel Stevens (1800-1866). Lawyer, Politician.
Letters (1838-1865). 9 items.
Collection Call Number: 18216.

The Civil War-era letters provide an interesting perspective on the political views and sentiments of a pro-Union Democrat.

Dickinson, DeWitt.
Letters (1862-1864). 9 items.
Collection Call Number: 15332.

These letters, sent to his aunt in Attica, New York, comment on campaigns in the vicinity of Fredericksburg, Virginia and eastern Tennessee. They contain remarks on camp conditions, drill, marching, picket duty and other aspects of military life.

Dix, John Adams (1798-1879). General, U.S. Army.
Papers (1830-1879). 3 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16827.

The collection includes letters addressed to President Lincoln, General McClellan, and other government and military officials concerning various administrative matters. Finding aid available on site.

Dobie, David F. 118th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1863-1865). 9 items.
Collection Call Number: 10934.

The letters, addressed to Hattie Jillson of Watervliet, New York, comment on his military duties such as provost guard, court martial adjutant, and brigade inspector and on General Sherman's military strategy and the assassination of President Lincoln.

Donnelly, Edward M.
Papers (1934). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 12499.

Letters and other materials related to the construction of the U.S.S. Monitor.

Dornbusch, Charles Emil.
Papers (1950-1965). 7 boxes (2 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21259.

This is a compilation of research notes, manuscripts, and galley proofs of his published bibliography of Civil War regimental histories.

Dougall, James S. 44th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letter (January 3, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17951.

Letter sent to his sister regarding the manner in which he and his fellow soldiers at Camp Butterfield celebrated Christmas and New Year's Day.

Eakins, William. 6th New York Artillery, Co. C.
Journal (1862-1865). 2 folders.
Collection Call Number: 14762.

This journal provides an unpublished record of daily activities of Company C of the 6th New York Artillery, including detailed information on battles, skirmishes and encampment sites as well as a roster of commissioned officers and quartermaster expense accounts.

Eaton, Nellie Brown.
Scrapbook (ca. 1861-1865). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD13404.

This item contains illustrated postal covers that depict patriotic themes or caricatures of political and military leaders of the Civil War era.

Eaton Family, (Levi). 123rd New York Infantry, Co. D.
Papers (1849-1875). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC17395.

These papers consist chiefly of the correspondence of Levi Eaton, most of which relates to his experiences as a soldier while serving in Company D of the 123rd New York Infantry Regiment during the Civil War. The letters detail routine aspects of military life along with vivid depictions of battles and campaigns, such as Gettysburg, the capture of Atlanta, and Sherman's March to the Sea. Finding aid to the (Levi) Eaton Family Papers.

Edmond, J.D.
Letter (February 20, 1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17429.

A transcription of a poem written by an unknown Confederate soldier was enclosed with this letter.

Ellsworth, Elmer Ephraim (1837-1861).
Collection (1858-1872). 6 items.
Collection Call Number: 18712.

Letters and memorabilia related to the life and career of Ellsworth, the first Union Army casualty of the Civil War.

Emerson, Saint Claire. 1st New York Independent Battery.
Letters (1863-1864). 8 items.
Collection Call Number: 15333.

These letters, sent to Emerson's sister from various army camps in Virginia, comment on his experiences in the army.

Enders, Jacob Henry (1834-1901). Chaplain, 153rd New York Infantry.
Papers (1855-1901). 2 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19615.

The chief item of interest is the unpublished manuscript history of the 153rd New York Infantry regiment that details the battles and campaigns in which the regiment was involved. Principle areas of activity included the Red River Valley of Louisiana, and Shenandoah Valley campaigns. These papers also include a bound volume containing transcripts of letters Enders sent to his family and those he received from his fellow soldiers. Finding aid available on site.

Eno, Stephen.
Papers (1745-1908). 8 boxes (6.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12179.

The collection includes nine scrapbooks relating to the Civil War that were compiled by Frank Eno. The newsclippings cover many of the major battles. Finding aid available on site.

Everson, Erastus W. 3rd Massachusetts Infantry, Co. A;
18th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. H.
Letter (February 19, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17431.

In this letter written at Hall's Hill, Virginia, Everson optimistically assumes that the Union Army will ultimately defeat the Confederate forces.

Fairchilds, Alfred. Musican, 112th New York Infantry.
Letters (1863-1865). 23 items.
Collection Call Number: 22917.

This group of letters, written by Alfred Fairchilds to his friend, Elen True, of Kennedy, Chautauqua County, New York, comments on his experiences and activities as a drummer with the 112th New York Volunteers, and detail military life, battles and campaigns, and the social life in camp.

Fay, Paul. 3rd New York Artillery (Light Veteran).
Letters (1862-1864). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 21867.

These letters are quite lengthy and provide a detailed account of Fay's activities and experiences in the military. The letter of May 9, 1862, written at headquarters at New Bern, North Carolina, includes many comments regarding his perception of the social life and customs of southerners. The letter of November 5, 1864, contains information on Union Army positions near Richmond, Virginia.

Fenton, Reuben Eaton (1819-1885). Governor of New York State/U.S. Congress.
Collection (1859-1888). 4 boxes (1.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10722.

The collection includes letters, speeches, and printed material relating to Fenton's wartime and Reconstruction-era political career as governor of New York, and member of the U.S. Congress and Senate. Finding aid to the Reuben Eaton Fenton Papers.

Fifth New York Heavy Artillery Regiment Veterans.
Records (1908-1933). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18818.

These records of the annual reunion of veterans of the Civil War who served in the U.S. Army, 5th New York Artillery Regiment include minutes of meetings, financial reports, membership rosters, and assorted printed items.

Finch, Martin. N.Y.S. Assembly.
Letter (January 31, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18288.

This letter contains comments on the election of Abraham Lincoln and the subsequent secession of several states from the union.

Fish, Hamilton (1803-1893). U.S. Cabinet official.
Papers (1850-1995). 146 boxes (60 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21149.

This collection includes papers of Hamilton Fish that relate to his service on the Union Defense Committee during the Civil War and as federal commissioner for relief of prisoners. Finding aid available on site.

Fisher, William E. 17th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Letters (photocopies) (1864-1865). 50 p.
Collection Call Number: 21931.

This collection of photocopies of letters sent to James C. Parker of Colunbus, Ohio, commenting on the Atlanta campaign, Sherman's March to the Sea, and the Carolina campaign. Several of these letters contain remarks on the fighting, burning, and looting that occurred.

Foote, A.H. Captain, U.S. Army.
Letter (February 18, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16081.

A private letter addressed to J.P. Sanford comments on Sanford's quest to be reinstated to active duty in the Army.

Foote Family. 120th New York Infantry, Cos. K and M.
Papers (1859-1864). 31 items.
Collection Call Number: 10545.

The papers consist largely of receipts for goods and services purchased by Foote and Grant, a business located in Catskill, New York. Included are two Civil War letters written by two soldiers, John Williams and Bartholomew Mulligan, both of whom served in the 120th New York Infantry Regiment.

Ford, Henry C. 72nd New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letter (August 5, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20935.

This letter discusses the movement of troops from New York City to Washington, D.C., and Ford's belief that the people of Maryland were almost evenly divided between those who were pro-Union or pro-Confederacy.

Fox, Daniel W. 24th New York Artillery, Co. A.
Letter (March 22, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20906.

This letter comments on morning drill, picket duty, and other routine aspects of life in an army camp.

Francis, W.A. 71st New York Infantry, Co. F.
Scrapbook (1862-1868). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD19538.

The scrapbook is a compilation of newsclippings, printed orders, and other materials related to the 71st regiment's participation in the Civil War.

Freliegh, William H. 177th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Diary (transcript) (1862-1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20631.

The transcript is an excerpt from the original manuscript diary and documents the participation of the 177th regiment in the Louisiana campaign. Daily entries provide information on camp sites, road conditions, weather, and skirmishes.

French, Winsor B. (1832-1910). Lt. Colonel, 77th New York Infantry.
Letter (May 19, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16278.

This letter, written at camp near White Oak, Virginia, was addressed to the parents of the late Captain Luther M. Wheeler of the 77th New York Infantry Regiment. The letter details the circumstances of Captain Wheeler's death in battle at Salem Church, Virginia.

French family. Captain, 165th New York Infantry, D.
Papers (1844-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC23206.

This collection consists chiefly of documents related to the military service of William R. French during the Civil War. A number of items relate to a fracas between black and white troops that occurred in Charleston, South Carolina, in July 1865. This incident resulted in the confinement of the 165th New York Volunteers at Fort Sumter, and the jailing of a number of officers of the 165th, including Capt. French. Included are copies of letters Eli French sent to various government and military officers seeking to have his son and fellow soldiers exonerated of all charges. Finding aid available on site.

Fuller, William Arnold. 114th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letters (transcripts) (1862-1864). 15 items.
Collection Call Number: 20578.

The letters, sent to Fuller's family, concern the Post Hudson Campaign and provide information on camp life, troop movements, and skirmishes.

Galbraith, Robert (b. 1842). Marine Guard, U.S.S. Wabash.
Letters (1861-1865). 1 box (0.25 cubic ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14949.

A group of letters sent to his mother, Sarah, and sister, Sarah Jane, regarding his experiences of serving in the Navy during the Civil War. The letters indicate he was stationed primarily on board the U.S.S. "Wabash", a frigate that was part of the naval blockade of the major seaports of South Carolina. Much of the time, the ship was positioned near Port Royal, but it was also engaged in naval operations in Charleston harbor and off Folly Island. The letters also contain news and comments about family and friends. Finding aid available on site.

Garvin, Cornelius.
Case File (1864-1868). 6 items.
Collection Call Number: 19238.

The papers document the sale of Garvin into military service by the Rensselaer County Almshouse.

Gilder, William H. (1838-1900). 2nd Lieutenant, 40th New York Infantry, Co. H;
Sergeant, 5th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1863-1864). 16 items.
Collection Call Number: 15644.

Gilder was from a socially prominent family of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. In this group of letters that were sent to his mother, he wrote in great detail about his experiences in the military and his duties as an officer. The letters also contain many comments about his fellow officers and his superiors.

Gillette, Isham. 5th New York Artillery, Co. B.
Papers (1862-1879). 9 items.
Collection Call Number: 19536.

The papers includes a letter that describes Gillette's experiences of military life in the garrison at Harper's Ferry.

Gilmore, Horace Orville. Captain, 10th New York Artillery, Co. I.
Papers (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16487.

The papers, comprised mostly of letters sent to his wife, detail the action he witnessed at the Battle of Cedar Creek and various skirmishes in the Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and the siege of Petersburg, and include anecdotes on life in the officers' quarters. Finding aid available on site.

Godfrey, David (1838-1879). 1st New York Mounted Rifles, C.
Letter (August 7, 1864). 1 item (4 p.).
Collection Call Number: 22960.

This detailed letter, addressed to his cousin Kate Carpenter at Howell's Depot, Orange County, New York, details combat action between Union and Confederates forces in the vicinity of Petersburg, Virginia, and other experiences of military service. Personal and family matters are also mentioned in the letter.

Grand Army of the Republic - Admiral Meade Post No. 40 (Oxford, N.Y.).
Records (1898-1914). 2 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18395.

The collection includes membership records, roll books, account books, receipts, camp reports, general orders, and administrative correspondence.

Grand Army of the Republic - John Logan Post No. 477 (Stamford, N.Y.).
Records (1885-1905). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13034.

The records consist of three bound volumes containing the minutes of business meetings and a typewritten history of the post.

Grand Army of the Republic - Sydney Post No. 41 (Ithaca, N.Y.).
Records (1876-1889). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19107.

The records consists of three bound volumes containing minutes of business meetings, encampment reports, financial reports, and membership rosters.

Grant, Ulysses Simpson (1822-1825). General, U.S. Army.
Letters (1863-1870). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: V21151.

Collection includes two original manuscript letters signed by U.S. Grant: 1) Letter to Admiral David D. Porter of March 10, 1863, requesting lubricating oil for dredging machine. Grant also requested to have a seaman transferred to the Army to operate dredging equipment. 2) Letter to Ambrose E. Burnside, 24 February 1870 regarding the re-election campaign of Senator Henry B. Anthony of Rhode Island. This letter was written at Washington, D.C. on "Executive Mansion" stationary. 3) A photocopy of a letter from General George G. Meade, dated December 23, 1864, in regards to supply situation for southern cities.

Gregg, William M. Major, 23rd New York Infantry.
Letters (1861-1862). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 16361.

These three letters, written at army camps near Washington, D.C., talk of Gregg's experiences as an army officer.

Gregory, Matthew S. 83rd New York Infantry, Co. G.
Papers (1861-1898). 20 items.
Collection Call Number: 20680.

The papers, which include letters and service records, were assembled to prove to the Army Pension Bureau that Gregory was entitled to compensation based on the rank of first lieutenant.

Griswold, Burr M.
Letter w/receipt (1863-1864). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 15745.

The letter provides a good description of the New York City draft riots and the deployment of Federal troops to suppress them.

Griswold, John A. (1818-1872). Congressman/Industrialist.
Papers (1849-1895). 10 boxes (4 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC15364.

The papers include account books, invoices, plans, and other business records related to the construction of the U.S.S. Monitor and other ironclad gunboats. Also included is correspondence relating to Griswold's service in Congress from 1861 to 1863. Finding aid available on site.

Hagadorn, Francis T. 16th New York Cavalry, Co. F;
125th New York Infantry, Co. K; 13th Connecticut Infantry.
Reminiscences (1863-1864). 2 volumes (3 parts).
Collection Call Number: BD12212.

This autobiographical narrative of Hagadorn's military service in three different regiments over the course of the war provide information on battles, skirmishes, camp life, and personal matters.

Hagar, Charles. Chaplain, 118th New York Infantry.
Papers (1862-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22915.

These papers consist chiefly of letters written by Hagar to his family in Plattsburgh, Clinton County, New York, regarding his experiences in the army. They include information on the battles and campaigns of the 118th New York Volunteers, as well as details of his duties as an army chaplain. Also included are letters written by other family members that concern mostly personal and family matters. Finding aid available on site.

Hall, James F. (James Frederick) (1823-1884). Lt. Colonel, 1st New York Engineers.
Letter (May 1, 1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 14421.

The letter,addressed to Colonel W.W. Davis from Camp Southard, near Manchester, Virginia, talks of the war's end and hope for the future of the nation: "Let us thank God that the war is at an end, and with the earnest hope that we may ever hereafter be a united people.. and that victory vouchsafed to us may used to benefit the whole nation, and not to gratify passion and prejudice."

Hallack, John F. 38th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1862). 10 items.
Collection Call Number: 19426.

The letters, sent to Hallack's cousins, comment on the Peninsular Campaign and include detailed descriptions of the battles at Williamsburg, Yorktown and Fair Oaks, including comments on the destruction and pillaging of civilian property that occurred.

Halpine, Charles G. (1829-1868).
Letter (April 25, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18958.

This confidential letter, addressed to James Gordon Bennett, publisher of the New York Herald, comments on General Dix's remarks on the capabilities of volunteer soldiers.

Hamlin, Charles (1839-1897). 57th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (transcripts) (1861-1864). 1 Item (217 leaves in case).
Collection Call Number: BD12363.

Transcripts of the original letters Charles Hamlin sent to his family in regards to his experiences of serving in the army during the Civil War. The letters detail a number of battles and campaigns in which the 57th Regiment had participated, including Fair Oaks, Seven Days, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, and Wilderness. The letters also discuss life in army camps, news about fellow soldiers, and his work in army hospitals.

Hanks, Horace Tracy (1837-1906). Surgeon, 30th New York Infantry.
Papers (1861-1895). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC14009.

The papers of Horace Tracy Hanks relate chiefly to his service as a surgeon in the army and include letters sent by him to his future wife, Mattie Fiske, describing the Northern Virginia campaigns of 1862-1863, including the battles at Bull Run (2nd), Fredericksburg, and Chancellorsville (during which Hanks’s regiment was part of the second attack on Fredericksburg). Many letters also describe his experience of working in an army hospital camp and include personal comments regarding the horrors of war. Finding aid to the Horace Tracy Hanks Papers.

Hard, John. 8th New York Artillery, Co. K.
Diaries (1860-1864). 4 volumes.
Collection Call Number: 14742.

In these pocket diaries Hard recorded brief information about daily activities, events, and weather conditions.

Hardy, James Daniel. 98th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Diary (1863-1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15142.

This edited transcript of Hardy's original diary provides information on the weather, road conditions, troop movements, and campsites. Appendices include a roster of officers and enlisted men of Company B.

Hayes, John W. (1844-1945). 11th New York Infantry, Co. D;
14th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Diaries (1863-1943). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11781.

This collection of diaries, spanning 80 years, were begun by Hayes while serving in the army during the Civil War. The wartime diaries include daily information on the weather, troop movements, and encampment. Finding aid available on site.

Haynes, Calvin A. 125th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letters (1862-1863). 25 items.
Collection Call Number: 19619.

The letters, sent to Haynes' wife, comment on his involvement in the Second Battle of Bull Run and Gettysburg. One letter contains a good description of Pickett's charge; another discusses the Union Army debacle at Harper's Ferry. Finding aid available on site.

Letter from Calvin Haynes, July 19, 1863

Heffron, Henry G. Lieutenant Colonel, 79th New York Infantry.
Papers (1862-1863). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 19095.

This two-item collection includes a letter dated July 23, 1863, that provides a good description of the Battle of Jackson (Miss.) and subsequent Union Army occupation of the city, and Heffron's commission as a first lieutenant, January 19, 1862.

Heiner, Daniel.
Letter (October 21, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 14022.

This letter, written on stationery that features a bird's-eye view of Harper's Ferry, concerns the attitudes and opinions of Union Army soldiers in regards to the preliminary Emancipation Proclamatiom.

Henderson, Harvey (1847-1930). 89th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Diaries (Photocopy) (1861-1864). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13787.

Daily entries in these diaries provide detailed information on battles at South Mountain, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and other campaigns in Virginia and South Carolina. Henderson also writes about being captured by the Confederates, his confinement at Libby Prison, and his subsequent escape. The original diary is held by the Huntington Library, San Marino, California.

Henry, R.N.
Letter (December 25, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20681.

The letter, sent to Henry's wife at Shortsville, New York, talks about the observance of Christmas by soldiers at a camp near Helener, Illinois.

Hill, John R. 166th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Diary (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19509.

This pocket diary contains information about medical care provided to sick and wounded soldiers in army hospitals.

Hoffman, John T.
Letter (August 10, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 1537.

The letter, addressed to Governor Heratio Seymour, asks for a speedy promotion of Robert W. Leonard from adjutant of the 162nd New York Infantry to the rank of major of the same regiment.

Hoke Family, (C. Bromley Hoke). 54th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. G.
Papers (1860-1956). 5 boxes (2.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18697.

These papers include records and memorabilia relating to C. Bromley Hoke's military service and subsequent involvement in a local Grand Army of the Republic post. The Hokes were an African-American family that resided near Canajoharie, New York. Finding aid to the (C. Bromley Hoke) Hoke Family Papers.

Holland Family.
Papers (1777-1920). 3 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12015.

The papers include commissions and other service records of several family members who served in the U.S. Army during the Civil War.

Hollowell, David. 9th New Jersey Infantry, Co. H.
Letter (June 7, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12355.

Written at an army camp near Carolina City, North Carolina, this letter discusses the movement of Hollowell's regiment through the Carolinas.

Horton, John Jay (1843-1919). 49th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (1861-1862). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 21222.

This group of letters, sent to Horton's sister, talk of his experiences in the military. In one letter, he discusses the Battle of Fair Oaks while others contain his remarks about black soldiers and deserters.

Horton, William S. (b. 1837). 59th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letters (1861-1865). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 22670.

Group of letters William Horton sent to his family in regards to his experience of serving in the army during the Civil War. His mother, Mary Horton, and brother, George W. Horton, appear to have been the primary recipients of these letters. Routine aspects of military service, such as picket duty, are mentioned in the letters, but not much is said relative to any significant battle or campaign. Unpublished transcriptions accompany the original letters. Finding aid available on site.

Houck, John L. Musician, 44th New York Infantry;
Musician, 140th New York Infantry; Musician, 25th New York Infantry.
Papers (1863-1865). 1 box (65 items; 0.30 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18564.

These papers consist mostly of letters regarding Houck's experiences as musician for the U.S. Army during the Civil War, including information on performances and practice sessions. Finding aid to the John L. Houck Papers.

Hough, Franklin B. (1822-1885). Surgeon/Statistician, N.Y.S. Adjutant General, 97th New York Infantry.
Papers (1840-1885). 117 boxes (50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC7009.

These papers include an annotated galley of the History of Duryea's Brigade along with related correspondence and research materials. Also included is statistical data on New York State Volunteer Army regiments and other materials relating to Hough's position in the New York State Office of the Adjutant General. Finding aid to the Franklin B. Hough Papers.

Houghtaling, Robert. 91st New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1862-1864). 18 items.
Collection Call Number: 22422.

These letters, sent to Houghtaling's siblings from Fort McHenry and other army camps in Maryland, concern mostly personal and family matters, but occasionally there is some discussion of military experiences. One letter includes a printed poem by Agnes B. Lynch, titled "The Soldier's Farewell to His Sister."

Howell, Elmer. 8th New York Artillery, Co. I.
Diary (1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: BD20807.

This pocket diary, kept by Howell, a musician in the company band, contains information on musical performances, practice sessions, the weather, and routine aspects of military service.

Howland, George W. (1838-1908). Captain, U.S.S. Emily.
Papers (1863-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13637.

These papers relate primarily to George Howland's experiences of being taken prisoner by Confederate forces in May 1863, and subsequent confinement at Libby Prison and Castle Thunder Prison in Richmond, Virginia. The papers include a number of letters addressed to his siblings that detail the harsh conditions he and other war prisoners endured during their time of confinement from May 1863 to March 1865. Also included is a typescript of his reminiscence, "In Rebel War Prisons," that was published in the Brooklyn Eagle, March 14, 1894. Finding aid available on site.

Hoyt, Will N.
Letter (January 7, [1863]). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17433.

This letter, sent to Hoyt's siblings, comments on the damp and muddy conditions of a camp near Brandy Station, Virginia.

Hull, Wesley. 24th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letter (March 1, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15041.

This letter regards Hull's experiences at the battles at Manassas, South Mountain, Antietam, and Fredericksburg.

Inglis, John (b. 1841). Sergeant, 9th New York Cavalry, Co. D.
Papers (1862-1911). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22716.

These papers consist chiefly of letters and diaries that provide intimate details of Inglis's experiences of military service during the war. In particular, letters sent to his family provide graphic details of the combat action he witnessed at 2nd Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. In addition to describing these events, he often interjects his own reactions, especially related to his personal moral and religious sensibilities. The two pocket diaries supplement the letters with factual and anecdotal information recorded almost every day for the years of 1863 and 1864. These papers also include official correspondence and documents concerning his efforts to clear his name of the charge of desertion.

Selected diary entries, July 1863

Ingraham, Aaron H. Lieutenant, 48th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (1861-1863). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10028.

These letters, sent to Ingraham's parents, comment on his work in the quartermaster store at Fort Pulaski, South Carolina. In one letter, Ingraham mentions the Confederate Navy's unsuccessful attempt to break the Union Army naval blockade. Finding aid to the Aaron H. Ingraham Letters.

Ireland, David. Colonel, 137th New York Infantry.
Collection (1861-1864). 11 items.
Collection Call Number: 18023.

The collectin includes copies of official reports compiled by Ireland on the 137th New York Volunteer's participation in battles at Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain, and Missionary Ridge. Finding aid to the David Ireland Collection.

Jemison, Chauncey C. 132nd New York Infantry, Co. D.
Letter (August 5, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19151.

This letter, sent to Issac Newton Parker, talks about Iroquois Indian participation in the U.S. Army. Jemison advocates organizing a company comprised exclusively of Iroquois to avoid prejudices that individual Indians had encountered in regular companies.

Jennings, Hudson. 137th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letters (1862-1863). 8 items.
Collection Call Number: 18768.

These letters, sent to Jennings' sister, comment on the primitive conditions of army camps and the long, arduous daily marches. He also mentions the battles at Chancellorsville and Gettysburg.

Johnson, Elbert M. (1844-1910). 2nd New York Cavalry, Co. E.
Papers (1864-1897). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22688.

These papers include a bound notebook titled "E. M. Johnson's Reminiscences of the War," which contains transcripts of letters he sent to his family while serving in the army during the Civil War. The letters were carefully worded accounts of some of his experiences: waiting for his marching orders, dreading picket duty, foraging for food, asking his folks to send cake, good boots or gloves; and expressions of joy when receiving packages and letters from home. There is little mention of battles and skirmishes, although he participated in engagements at Cedar Creek, Waynesboro, Ashland Station, and Five Forks. He does mention being present with his regiment when they witnessed the surrender of Confederate troops at Appomattox. Other papers include several original Civil War-era letters that were not transcribed into the notebook. Finding aid to the Elbert M. Johnson Papers.

Jones, Samuel E. Captain, 7th New York Artillery, Co. B.
Letter (October 6, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 11269.

This copy of an official letter, addressed to several officers, concerns personnel and other problems with the cook house at Fort De Russey.

Kaszubski, Elizabeth Stead. 160th New York Infantry, Co. 6;
136th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Genealogy (2001). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 22671.

A collection of genealogical and historical materials related to the descendants of Thomas West of the Town of Bennington, Wyoming County, New York, includes transcripts of Civil War letters of Arzy and Lafayette West, both of whom served in Company H of the 136th New York Regiment of Infantry. Also includes material related to another brother, Andrew, who served in Company G the 160th New York Regiment of Infantry.

Kautz, Augustus. General, U.S. Cavalry.
Scrapbook ([1861-1865]). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD8410.

The scrapbook contains newspaper articles and maps relating to the battles and campaigns involving troops led by General Kautz.

Kelso, James (c.1832-1909). 2nd New York Veteran Cavalry, K.
Letters (1864-1865). 1 box (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22849.

In this collectin of letters James Kelso wrote to his wife, talks about the movement of his company from Virginia to Morganza, Louisiana; winter encampment; participation in various cavalry raids and skirmishes in the vicinity Mobile, Alabama, and Pensacola, Florida; and being garrisoned at Talladega, Alabama, after the war ended. The letters also contain advice to his wife concerning the operation of the farm while he was away. Finding aid available on site.

Kendall, Charles F.
Letter (October 9, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17444.

In this letter, mentioning the fighting around Vicksburg, Kendall writes to Edward Lutter: "We are at camp two miles south of the city and doing picket duty.. there is a report the rebels are crossing the Black River."

Kenyon, Norman S. 1st Lieutenant, 16th New York Artillery, Co. J.
Voucher (March 31, 1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17389.

This voucher is a receipt for a special allocation of funds for clothing and other personal needs.

Ketcham Family.
Papers (1815-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13946.

These papers include several letters regarding the war from the perspective of civilians living in rural areas of upstate New York.

King, Preston (1806-1865). U.S. House of Representatives.
Letter (March 19, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17404.

This letter, addressed to Charles P. Ogden, comments on the threat of cross-border raids by Confederate sympathizers living in Canada.

Kozlay, Eugene. Colonel, 54th New York Infantry.
Collection (1859-1860). 1 box (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21049.

The collection includes Kozlay's commission as colonel of the New York Volunteers, a portrait, news clippings about his military service, and a United States flag of the Civil War era.

Laekner, Simeon. 111th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Letters (1863-1864). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 20210.

Two of the letters, written in Dutch, were addressed to Simeon Laekner of Pultneyville, Wayne County, New York. Translations of the letters indicate the authors were Isaack and Jacob Legner (Lechner) and concern the journey by train from Albany to Washington, their encampment near Culpeper, Virginia, and their experiences of having to fire a gun for the first time.

Lamphear, Nathan. Sergeant, 85th New York Infantry, Co. F.
Letters (1861-1865). 11 items.
Collection Call Number: 21134.

These letters, sent to Lamphear's siblings from Elmira, New York, and various army camps in Virginia and North Carolina, comment on the troops being mustered into service at Elmira, battlefield action, and his experiences as a prisoner.

Lary, John. 68th Ohio Infantry, Co. B.
Letter (September 20, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17435.

In this letter, written at a camp near Atlanta, Georgia, Lary comments on the Union Army victory at Atlanta and the U.S. presidential election campaign.

Lincoln, Abraham (1809-1865). U.S. President.
Emancipation Proclamation (September 22, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: Vault.

The document, which concerns federal policy towards slavery in the states, is in Lincoln's handwriting except for the changes by Secretary of State William H. Seward. The formal beginning and end were by the chief clerk of the Department of State.

Lucas, William D. 5th New York Cavalry, Co. F.
Letters (1861). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 18977.

These letters, sent to Lucas' family, describe the mustering into service and inspection of troops at Camp Scott, Virginia.

Ludlam, F. A.
Letter (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20608.

This letter contains comments on the presidential election campaign of 1864. Ludlam favored McClellen over Lincoln because of the latter's issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation.

Lydig, Philip M. U.S. Army 9 Corps.
Letter (December 11, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17441.

In this letter Lydig describes the living arrangements for officers at the 9th Army Corps headquarters.

Mabie, Jasper. 152nd New York Infantry, Co. D.
Letter (April 17, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17950.

This letter, sent to Mabie's wife, Angeline, comments on his displeasure with having to wait for marching orders and the slowness in receiving pay. The letterhead depicts Camp Marcy, Virginia, near Chain Bridge.

Marvin, Nathaniel D. 169th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (1862-1865). 14 items.
Collection Call Number: 18782.

These letters, sent to family from an army camp near Petersburg, Virginia, comment on his experiences of being encamped in a trench as well as the constant shelling and occasional skirmishes between Union and Confederate troops. The letters also contain news about fellow soldiers from Sand Lake, New York, and vicinity.

Mason, Silas J. Sergeant, 5th New York Cavalry, Co. H.
Letters (1862-1864). 32 items.
Collection Call Number: 21228.

This group of letters, addressed to Mason's sister, comment on military life and his involvement in skirmishes with Confederate soldiers at various locations in Virginia. Some of these letters provide detailed descriptions of cavalry operations during the war.

McDougall, Archibald (ca. 1817-1864). Colonel, 123rd New York Infantry.
Papers (1862-1863). 23 items.
Collection Call Number: 21033.

TThese papers consists of correspondence and other documents related chiefly to administrative business of the 123rd New York Volunteers. In particular, the letters detail issues relative to enlistments, promotions, discharges, desertions, and casualties. Noteworthy letters include a copy of one written by McDougall on June 7, 1863, which details the Battle of Chancellorsville; a poignant letter of October 5, 1863 from a deserter pleading for his life to be spared; and a letter of October 12, 1863 from Major Turner detailing the regiment's march across Tennessee.

McHue, James. 15th New York Cavalry, Co. I.
Letters (1864-1865). 30 items (2 folders).
Collection Call Number: 21220.

This collection of letters, sent to McHue's family from Elmira and various army camps in Maryland and Virginia, discuss the campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864, Lee's surrender, and the assassination of President Lincoln.

McKee, James Harvey (1840-1918). 144th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letters (1862-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12933.

This collection of letters, sent to McKee's family, provide detailed accounts of the 144th Regiment's participation in battles and campaigns in Virginia and the Carolinas. In 1903 McKee published a history of the 144th Regiment.

McLean Family, (William Clark McLean). 123rd New York Infantry, Co. G.
Papers (1844-1879). 5 boxes (1.5 cu.ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20811.

These papers include letters and diaries that contain detailed descriptions of the battles at Gettysburg and Kennesaw Mountain, during the Atlanta Campaign, and Sherman's March to the Sea. The destruction and pillaging of southern towns is vividly depicted. Finding aid to the (William Clark McLean) McLean Family Papers.

Letter from William Clark McLean, July 12, 1863

Miller Family, (Perry B. Miller). 117th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Papers (1860-1890). 2 boxes (0.75 cu. ft,).
Collection Call Number: SC19954.

These papers are comprised chiefly of letters sent to Perry Miller while he was serving in the army during the Civil War. The letters were written by friends and relatives who lived in the vicinity of Camden, New York, and discuss activities and experiences of life on the homefront as well as comments on the imposition of conscription and news about various battles.

Millions, Chauncey K. 122nd New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letter (May 7, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19291.

This letter describes a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces that took place near Fredericksburg, Virginia.

Mix, William Henry. 2nd New Hampshire Infantry, Co. K.
Letters (1861-1864). 15 items.
Collection Call Number: 21806.

These letters were written by a soldier from Warsaw, New York, who was serving in a regiment organized in New Hampshire. He writes mostly about routine experiences and activities such as camp life, drill, and picket duty.

Mohr, W.D.
Collection (1960-1980). 4 boxes (4 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21145.

This collection, comprised of research materials relating to the history of the 91st New York Infantry regiment's participation in the Civil War, includes transcripts or photocopies of letters and diaries of soldiers, as well as photocopies of service records taken from state and federal repositories.

Morgan, Edwin D. (1811-1883). Governor of New York State, 1859-1863.
Papers (1836-1883). 107 boxes (50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11818.

These papers include correspondence with government and military leaders at both the state and federal levels; orders and documents concerning enrollment quotas, vouchers and requisitions for military equipment and supplies; contracts for military clothing; proceedings of court-martial cases at Fort Hamilton, and coast and harbor defense survey reports. Finding aid to the Edwin D. Morgan Papers.

Morrell, George Webb (1815-1883). Officer, U.S. Army.
Letter (December 8, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16031.

This private letter, addressed to John T. Sprague, Adjutant General of New York State, recommends a certain ensign Hasting be considered for a promotion.

Morris, Lewis O. Colonel, 7th New York Artillery.
Letter (February 19, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 14422.

The letter concerns the complaint of an individual who was passed over for a promotion.

Morrison, Lewis Philip. Sergeant, 1st Battalion Sharpshooters, Co. 8.
Papers (1862-1865). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 18767.

The papers consist of letters, photographs, and a discharge certificate relating to Morrison's military service. The letters, sent to his wife, Rebecca, comment on mustering in at Buffalo and the various problems that were depleting the ranks of enlisted men.

Mott, Thaddeus P. Colonel, 14th New York Cavalry.
Letters (1863). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 2622.

These two letters, addressed to John T. Sprague, New York State Adjutant General, concern the organization of the Metropolitan Cavalry Regiment.

Mould, W.
Letter (September 9, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17952.

This letter, written at Keeseville, New York, to Timothy Hoyle, concerns funeral arrangements of the late Colonel Thomas.

Muldoon, John. 6th New York Cavalry, Co. D.
Papers (1859-1885). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12337.

The papers, comprised mostly of letters from Muldeon to his family while he was serving in the army during the Civil War, comment on camp life, the activities of the regiment, and news about fellow soldiers. Finding aid available on site.

Munroe, Alfred.
Letters (1862-1863). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 15141.

The letters, sent to Munroe's family in Fall River, Massachusetts, from an army camp near New Bern, North Carolina, comment on camp life, drill, picket duty, and routine chores.

Munson, Myron. 60th Massachusetts Infantry, Co. I.
Papers (1857-1891). 3 boxes (0.75 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16559.

These papers include diaries and other materials concerning the problem of unsanitary conditions of army camps during the Civil War.

Murray, [Henry] Spencer. 124th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letter (December 15, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17403.

The letter, written at Camp Parole, comments on slavery, the Emancipation Proclamation, and his experience in the military.

Myer, Aaron (1824-1864). Lt. Colonel, 125th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1863-1864). 8 items.
Collection Call Number: 18688.

This group of letters, addressed primarily to his wife, Julia, talk about personal and family matters as well as his experiences in the army. The letters concern his afflictions resulting from wounds received during the Battle of Gettysburg. Also included is a letter from George Jenkins informing Julia Myers of the death of her husband. Finding aid available on site.

Myers, Charles. Office of U.S. Attorney General.
Letter (September 17, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12322.

This draft of a letter addressed to Simon Cameron, Secretary of War, explains why the attorney general, Edward C. Bates, would not render an opinion in matters of military discipline.

Neafie, Alfred (1832-1917). Lt. Colonel, 156th New York Infantry.
Papers (1852-1947). 9 boxes (3 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22855.

The papers consist chiefly of materials related to Neafie's military service during the Civil War and his post-war endeavors to chronicle the history of the 156th New York Infantry Regiment. Included are many letters addressed his wife, Anne Preston Neafie, that provide details of his activities and experiences in the war. Of particular interest are the letter containing a detailed account and a sketch map of the siege of Port Hudson in July 1863 and the letters and supporting documents related to his work as part of a military commission asked to provide information concerning a man on trial who was offered a million dollars to kill Lincoln. Papers relative to the history of the 156th Regiment include a chronology of battles and skirmishes, notes and writings on the regimental flag and song, and a printed story on the Battle of Cedar Creek. Finding aid to the Alfred Neafie Papers.

Neill, Edward M. Major General, U.S. Army.
Letter (August 29, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17438.

This letter, written at New York City to Captain D.B. Larned, comments on military operations involving the Fifth and Ninth Army Corps.

Neugent, Edward. Sergeant, 1st New York Artillery, H.
Diary (1864). 1 item (ca. 120 p.).
Collection Call Number: 22960.

This diary kept by Neugent contains details of camp life, drilling, troop movements, and combat action in battles at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania Court House, and Petersburg, Virginia.

New York (State). Gettysburg Battlefield Monument Commission..
Circulars, 1893. 4 items.
Collection Call Number: X19192.

Collection of documents related to the dedication of the New York State Monument on the Battlefield of Gettysburg, held July 1st, 2nd, and 3rd, 1893. The collection includes 2 printed circulars and broadside detailing the orders of ceremonies for "New York Day." The collection also includes a handwritten note on a postal card by an anonymous person in regards to attending the ceremonies. The note was written June 28, 1893 at Cold Spring, New York.

Niles Family, (Charles Niles). Captain, 7th New York Artillery.
Papers (Photocopies) (1813-1890). 17 items.
Collection Call Number: 14765.

These papers include letters of Captain Charles Niles, who wrote about his military experiences during the siege of Petersburg.

Niles, Lizzie.
Diaries (1865-1866). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22971.

These two pocket diaries were kept by Lizzie Niles, who was a young, well-educated Quaker woman residing in West Oneonta, New York, at the time. On the pages of these diaries she recorded a detailed, literate, and entertaining account of her social life, activities, and thoughts. She writes about the books she has read, letters written and received, and especially her longings for intellectual achievement and her frustrations with the confining life to which she feels she has been relegated. She also mentions important historical events of the time such as the Civil War and the assassination of President Lincoln.

Norton, John T. 97th New York Infantry, Co. G.
Letters (1863). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 17410.

The two letters, written to Norton's sister, Mary Norton, comment on his experiences in the army.

Nye, F.
Letter (May 21, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18179.

The letter, addressed to Davis J. Richard and John U. Scott, captains in the 34th New York Infantry Regiment, concerns a hundred dollar check that was sent to help defer expenses in organizing the Champlain Company of volunteers.

Oakley, Solomon (1832-1912). 2nd Lieutenant, 109th New York Infantry, Co. G.
Papers (1850-1960). 8 boxes (2 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13602.

These papers include official correspondence and reports generated by activities of the quartermaster department. Finding aid available on site.

O'Keefe Family, (Arthur O'Keefe). 34th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1861-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19231.

This collection of photocopied letters includes several written by Arthur O'Keefe that contain news about fellow soldiers as well as the Peninsular Campaign and the Battle of Antietam.

Osborn, Franklin E. 109th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1862-1864). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 21037.

These letters, sent to Osborn's family, comment on his experiences in the army and also contain news about fellow soldiers in Company B.

Paddock Family, (Daniel Paddock).
Papers (1809-1888). 1 box (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11320.

These papers,which include letters sent to Daniel Paddock from his sons and other individuals who were serving in the Army during the Civil War, recount a variety of experiences and activities.

Parmerter Family, (George Parmerter) (ca. 1844-1862). 5th New York Cavalry, Co. H.
Papers (1848-1955; bulk, 1861-1862). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21590.

These papers consist chiefly of correspondence, dated October 1861 to May 1862, between George Parmerter and his father, Jacob Parmerter. George wrote about his experiences in the military, news of his fellow soldiers, and his personal health problems. Also included is a muster roll of the 118th New York Infantry, Regiment, Company E, in which Jacob Parmenter served as captain. Finding aid available on site.

Parsons, R.C.
Letter (January 14, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17430.

Parson, a member of the Ohio Legislature, wrote about his belief that the Union must be preserved at all costs, including war.

Parsons, Tim.
Letter (December 11, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19288.

This letter discusses a shooting incident involving two officers of the 76th New York Volunteers: Col. Nelson W. Greene and Major Andrew McNott.

Payne, Lewis. Captain, 100th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Diary (1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16088.

In this pocket diary Payne summarized his daily activities as well as the participation of the 106th Regiment in campaigns at Cole's Island, Folly Island, and Morris Island, South Carolina.

Peck, Henry J. 148th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Correspondence (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19406.

These letters were written by Henry J. Peck and his wife, Mary, while he served in the army. Peck's letters discuss his involvement with the company band, his experiences of life in an army camp, and the rigors of long marches. He also recorded the events and emotions of the Confederate Army surrender at Appomattox Court House. Mary Peck's letters provide information about life on the homefront as well as the experiences of a soldier's wife. Finding aid available on site.

Pennell Family.
Papers (1859-1916). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22520.

The papers include a diary kept by Robert Pennell while he resided in Elmira, New York, during the spring and summer of 1862. He comments on the social conditions of the city which were greatly impacted by the large influx of men who had gathered there to be mustered into military service.

Pennfield, Joseph E. 110th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Papers (1862-1864). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20237.

The papers include two diaries, 1862 and 1863, that provides brief summaries of events, activities, and weather conditions for each day. This information is useful for chronicling the movements and positions of Company E when it was involved in the siege of Port Hudson, Louisiana.

Penny Family, (Elijah, Alfred, and Archibald Penny). 83rd New York Infantry, Co. F;
82nd New York Infantry, Co. E; 4th New York Artillery, Co. A
(Elijah Penny). Papers (1861-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11836.

These papers consist of 208 letters related chiefly to the experiences and activities of three family members who served in the armed forces during the Civil War: Elijah Penny and his sons, Archibald and Alfred. Generally, these letters mostly comment on their experiences of life in army camps, and various routine activities such as drill and picket duty. Finding aid to the (Elijah, Alfred, and Archibald Penny) Penny Family Papers.

Pettengall, John. 9th New York Artillery, Co. A.
Letters (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18394.

In these letters Pettengall sent to his wife talk about the battle of Cold Harbor, where he was wounded in action. He described the battle, how he was wounded, and his subsequent period of convalescence in an army hospital at Philadelphia.

Pierce, Samuel B. 6th New York Artillery, Co. C.
Letters (1864). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 18787.

These letters, sent to Pierce's friends, comment on his experiences in a military camp near Petersburg, Virginia.

Plass, Lewis E. 83rd New York Infantry, Co. E;
97th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Diary (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 22672.

This pocket diary was kept by Lewis Plass. Plass enrolled, first, in Company E of the 83rd New York Infantry Regiment on August 11, 1863; he transferred to Company E of the 97th New York Infantry on June 7, 1864. The daily entries provide a brief summary of his activities and experiences.

Plass, William.
Letters (1864). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 13802.

These are fragments of letters sent to Plass's wife from camp near City Point, Virginia. There is very little information regarding his military experiences.

Pomeroy, George. Paymaster, U.S. Army.
Papers (1862-1871). 10 boxes (7 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11308.

These papers are comprised mostly of materials relating to Pomeroy's official activities as U.S. Army Paymaster. They include correspondence with the U.S. Treasury and War departments, orders to the paymaster, receipts for the payroll, special and general orders, payrolls and muster rolls of regiments, and account books.

Porter, Fitz-John (1822-1901). Brigadier General, U.S. Army.
Collection (1862-1898). 25 items.
Collection Call Number: 16928.

This collection consists of materials relating to the court-martial of Fitz-John Porter and his subsequent efforts to be exonerated by a court of inquiry. Included are copies of letters to General Burnside, a printed copy of Porter's account of the events at the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, and court proceedings.

Potter, Henry L. Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Army.
Letter (February 9, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18773.

This letter concerns Potter's response to charges that he make restitution for losing another officer's horse in battle.

Powell, George May. U.S. Department of Treasury.
Papers (1860-1910). 6 boxes (3 cu.ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20818.

These papers include correspondence and memoranda related to Powell's official activities at the Treasury Department during the Lincoln administration. Some of the letters concern the deployment of a United States Colored Troop regiment at Richmond, Virginia, and the assassination of President Lincoln. Finding aid available on site.

Preston, Samuel E. (1844-1927). 64th New York Infantry, Co. F.
Papers (1899-1927). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20797.

In this 21-page letter written after the war, Preston recounts his experiences of being taken prisoner at Spotsylvania, his subsequent confinement at Andersonville, and eventual escape.

Prince, William R. Captain, 83rd New York Infantry, Co. F.
Papers (1862-1867). 13 items.
Collection Call Number: 15634.

These papers include letters and official documents relating to Prince's military service. One of the letters discusses the Battle of Antietam, where he was wounded in action.

Quire, Henry T. 15th New York Artillery, Co. A.
Collection (1861-1865). 8p.
Collection Call Number: 18952.

This compilation of photocopied service records and other official documents relate to Quire's application for a veteran's pension.

Radley, Stephen. 152nd New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letter (April 16, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20561.

This letter, sent to Radley's father, talks about the amount of army pay that is to be sent home.

Rainer, William. 2nd Lieutenant Quartermaster Dept., 40th New York Infantry.
Papers (1861-1864). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 17068.

The papers include a muster roll, special orders, and official letters relating to Quartermaster Department activities.

Randall, James W. 3rd New York Infantry, Co. B.
Papers (1801-1886). 22 items.
Collection Call Number: 20796.

These papers include many letters Randall sent to his family while serving in the military during the Civil War. He wrote mostly about life in an army camp near Folly Island, South Carolina, where there was very little combat.

Ranger, Frederick. Captain, 22nd New York Infantry, Co. F.
Correspondence (1863). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18306.

The correspondence is comprised chiefly of letters sent of Ranger's wife and father in regards to his experiences of being stationed on garrison duty in Washington, D. C. Some of the letters mention Ranger's illness, which confined him Lichow House, and ultimately led to him being furloughed for medical reasons. Finding aid available on site.

Raynor Family.
Letters (1862-1865). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 21656.

Some of these letters contain a good description of the anti-draft riots that occurred in New York City in July 1863. Also included is a letter written by a cousin, Jacob Seaman, regarding his involvement in skirmishes between Union and Confederate forces in Virginia and the Carolinas.

Reed Family, (David and Jeremiah Reed). 134th New York Artillery, Co. E;
7th New York Artillery, Co. F
(Jeremiah Reed). Letters (1862-1864). 16 items.
Collection Call Number: 14746.

These letters were written by two brothers who served in different regiments during the war. David Reed wrote mostly about his experiences of life in camp and various physical problems. Jeremiah Reed wrote about his regiment's involvement in the picket defenses surrounding Washington, D.C.

Reynolds, Charles. 2nd New York Veteran Cavalry, Co. I.
Letters (1851-1868). 1 box 39 items.
Collection Call Number: SC21216.

Papers consist chiefly of letters Charles Reynolds and his wife, Sarah, in regards to his service in the army during the Civil War. Many of the letters of Sarah and her brother, Mark Mitchell, concern Charles Reynolds attempt to avoid conscription and later the possibility of desertion. The letters written by Charles detail his dissatisfaction with army life and various health problems. He also writes about being in New Orleans, where he quartered in makeshift barracks in a cotton warehouse and going on foraging expeditions for food and horses.

Rhodes, Zadoc. 156th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1861-1866). 6 items.
Collection Call Number: 21657.

The letters, addressed to William Terwilliger from various army camps in Louisiana, include comments on General Grant and the Union Army victories at Vickburg and Lookout Mountain. One of the letters contains comments on the 1864 presidential election campaign.

Letter from Zadoc Rhodes, December 12, 1863

Richards, Ashbury C. 19th Maine Infantry, Co. A.
Letter (January 18, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19463.

This letter, sent to Richards' sister, Anne, from a camp near Falmouth, Virginia, comment on the status of his company after the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Richardson, C. A. Surgeon?, U.S. Army.
Letter (January 19, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15853.

This letter describes the activity of the 2nd Army Division Hospital near Gettysburg.

Ripley, Joshua White. 115th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letter (December 4, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 14818.

This letter, written at camp near Washington, D.C., comments on Ripley's activities as an army musician.

Roberts, Jacob M.
Letter (Photocopy) (September 25, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 13649.

This letter contains comments regarding the Battle of Spotsylvania and the siege of Petersburg.

Robinson, George (1829-1885). 123rd New York Infantry, Co. A.
Papers (1862-1876). 23 items.
Collection Call Number: 10038.

This collection consists chiefly of letters George Robinson sent to his wife, Elizabeth, while serving in the army during the Civil War. The letters detail the Battle of Gettysburg, skirmishes around Kelly's Ford, Virginia, and guarding the railroad line at Elk River, Tennessee. He also discusses routine aspects of military service such as picket duty, drill, and camp life. His letter of March 30, 1864, included fragments of letters Robinson found in the woods near Elk River, Tennessee, that were probably written by confederate soldiers. The collection also includes the monthly return for clothing and equipment from Company A of the 123rd Regiment for January 1864, and letters Robinson wrote to his wife after the war. Finding aid available on site.

Robinson, George.
Letter (April 16, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17437.

This letter, sent to his family from Brandy Station, Virginia, comments on the problem of desertions and the poor morale prevalent among Union Army soldiers.

Robinson, Lucius. Politician.
Letter (November 23, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 1543.

This letter, addressed to Chester A. Arthur, concerns the need to provide new uniforms to soldiers of the 25th New York Volunteers.

Rogers, Robert Eugene (1841-?). Quartermaster, 1st New York Light Artillery, Co. B.
Papers (1861-1925). 3 boxes (1.5 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22519.

Among these papers is a 40-page personal narrative Rogers wrote in 1925 about his experiences in the army during the Civil War. He described the action he witnessed at South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, and other battles. The papers also include numerous official records of the 1st Artillery Quartermaster store. Finding aid to the Robert Eugene Rogers Papers.

Rolfe, George. 134th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Diaries (1864-1865). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 18711.

These pocket diaries, kept by Rolfe, contain a brief summaries of daily activities, including information on campsites, troop movement, road conditions, and weather.

Root, Adrian. Lieutenant Colonel, 21st New York Infantry;
Colonel, 94th New York Infantry.
General Order (May 21, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12183.

This photocopy of Colonel Root's farewell address to his troops while encamped near White Oak Chapel, Virginia, was issued as General Order No. 36.

Root, David.
Letter (January 18, 1860). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17427.

In this letter, sent to W. Mason, Root expressed his anti-slavery sentiments which he believed were shared by many fellow New Englanders.

Ross, D. Reid.
Research Papers (1988-1996). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19103.

These research papers concentrate on the history of the 123rd New York Infantry regiment and the free soil movement in Kansas.

Ruggles, Daniel (1810-1897). Brigadier General, Confederate States Army.
Tactical Map (1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 3717.

A hand-drawn ttactical map used by Brigadier General Daniel Ruggles at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee, in 1862 details strategic points and prominent topographical features near the confluence of Bear Creek with the Tennessee River.

Ruggles, Daniel (1810-1897). Brigadier General, Confederate States of America.
Collection (1861). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: X10245.

This collection of letters and tactical maps is related to Ruggles' service with the Army of Virginia. The first item is a letter written at Fredericksburg, Virginia, on May 4, 1861, by Thomas H. Williamson, major of engineers of the Army of Virginia. This letter was accompanied by two tactical maps, the first map showing part of the Rappahannock River from Corbin's Creek to Tappahannock, the second map, drawn on wax paper, showing strategic locations along the Potomac and Rappahannock rivers in Virginia. The second letter was written by Abram De Saules on June 10, 1861, and included a tactical map showing the area along the Potomac River between King George County, Virginia, and Charles County, Maryland.

Ryding, Theodore. 83rd New York Artillery, Co.F.
Reminiscences (1861-1863). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD12194.

This autobiographical account of Ryding's military service during the Civil War provides information on camp life, drill, artillery deployment, and combat action.

Sage, Augustus B. 170th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Papers (1844-1889). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11163.

These papers include personal letters and service records related to Sage's military service during the Civil War. The letters concern routine matters such as camp life, drill, marching, and picket duty.

Schell, Hiram, H. Sergeant, 1st New York Artillery, Co. H.
Papers (1863-1864). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12799.

The papers consist of a memoranda diary (1864), a portrait photograph of Schell, a photograph of the Battery H officers quarters near Petersburg, Virginia, and Schell's commission as a first sergeant.

Schenck Family, (Martin and Edward Schenck). 147th New York Infantry, Co. D.
Papers (1856-1873). 5 boxes (1.7 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22493.

These papers include the letters of Martin B. Schenck and Edward C. Schenck, both of whom served in the147th New York Infantry during the Civil War. Martin's letters discuss his position as a commissary clerk in an army hospital. Edward wrote about having spent most of his time on garrison duty in Washington, D. C. These letters also contain information about fellow soldiers from Fulton, New York, and vicinity. Finding aid available on site.

Scott, George W. 86th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1862-1863). 4 items.
Collection Call Number: 20908.

The letters, sent to Scott's sister, comment on his experiences in the military and the Battle of Chancellorsville.

Second Regiment Veterans Association (Troy, N.Y.).
Records (1886-1930). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11826.

These records include minutes of business meetings, membership rosters, financial reports, programs, news clippings, and ribbons.

Seward, Frederick W. (1830-1915). Journalist and Diplomat.
Letters (1864-1906). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 14977.

This collection includes a letter sent to Emily W. Barnes of Albany, New York, concerning the sale of an original draft of the Emancipation Proclamation, the proceeds of which were to benefit the Sanitary Commission.

Seward, William Henry (1801-1872). U.S. Secretary of State.
Collection (1828-1868). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21153.

The collection is comprised chiefly of letters written by Seward that relate to both his personal and public life. Some of the letters concern significant issues such as slavery, secession, and war. Finding aid to the William Henry Seward Collection.

Seymour, Horatio. Governor of New York State.
Papers (1764-1886). 29 boxes (18 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC7008.

These papers include correspondence and other documents relating to the anti-draft riots of July 1863 in New York City. Finding aid available on site.

Shafer, Jesse F. 56th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letter (October 27, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 15608.

This letter, sent to Captain Decker, is in regards to outfitting the regiment with new tents.

Shaw, Wesley H. 35th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1861-1865). 47 items.
Collection Call Number: 21161.

This collection of letters, sent to his family, detail his experiences in the military and provide a vivid picture of camp life and routine activities such as drill and picket duty, as well as talking about battles and a skirmish with confederate troops. The letter of May 13, 1862, written at Fredericksburg, Virginia, describes how they built a bridge across the Rappannock River and a subsequent skirmish with Confederate troops. The letter of September 20, from Sharpsburg, Maryland, discusses the battles at Bull Run and Antietam. During his second stint in the military, with the 2nd Artillery, the letters tended to concern wounds and afflictions he suffered in battle. The letter of June 21, 1864, describes being hit in the knee by a spent rifle ball near Petersburg, Virginia. The letter dated September 1864 details being sun struck on August 14 at Deep Bottom, which landed him in him in the hospital for much of his remaining time in service. The Wesley Shaw letters have been digitized. Finding aid available on site.

Shepard, Sylvester Barrett. Lieutenant, 91st New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letters (1861-1863). 25 items.
Collection Call Number: 13997.

This collection consists chiefly of letters sent to his sister, Anna, regarding his experience in the military. At first he writes from a garrison at Alexandria, Virginia, where the 25th Regiment was charged primarily with the defense of Washington, D.C., in June and July 1861. The letters resume in January 1862 while Shepard was serving with the 91st New Infantry which was encamped in Florida for much of 1862 before moving on to Louisiana the following year. Generally, the letters detail routines of army camp life along with comments about climate, life, and the culture of the south. Finding aid available on site.

Sheridan, Philip Henry (1831-1888). General, U.S. Army.
Letter (October 16, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16763.

This letter of recommendation was written on behalf of Captain N.B. Sweitzer of 16th N.Y. Cavalry in regards to a promotion to the rank of colonel.

Sherman, William Tecumsch (1820-1891). General, U.S. Army.
Letters (1862-1889). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: V21152.

One of the letters, addressed to Admiral David D. Porter, concerns the deployment of gunboats in battle.

Sickles, Daniel Edgar (1819-1914). Major General, U.S. Army.
Letters (1856-1911). 15 items.
Collection Call Number: 18978.

These letters concern official business of the Excelsior Brigade, which was under the command of Sickles. One of the letters contains a good account of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Silvester, Peter Henry.
Letters (1830-1862). 3 items.
Collection Call Number: 10793.

This collection includes one letter from a friend, Lieutenant Minor H. Greene, who served in the 120th New York Infantry during the Civil War. This letter, written at camp near Fredericksburg, Virginia, describes the squalid living conditions, the problem of disease, and the low morale of many Union Army soldiers.

Slocum family, (John Payson Slocum). 189th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Papers (1835-1867). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22590.

These papers include the Civil War diaries of John Payson Slocum, a soldier of the 189th New York Infantry. Daily entries provide a detailed summary of Slocum's activities and experiences. His entry of April 9, 1865, recorded at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, offers a good account of the events related to Lee's surrender from the perspective of a soldier. These papers also include a copy of a letter written by General Henry Warner Slocum to President Lincoln, January 9, 1865, concerning the possibility of nominating John Payson Slocum for admission to the United States Military Academy at West Point. Finding aid to the (John Payson Slocum) Slocum family Papers.

Slocum Family Papers, (John Payson Slocum).
Papers (1835-1867). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22590.

These papers include the diaries kept by John Payson Slocum while he served in the army during the Civil War. The diaries provide detailed summaries of daily activities and experiences, including his thoughts and observations regarding Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, Finding aid to the (John Payson Slocum) Slocum Family Papers Papers.

Smith, Abram H. 44th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (photocopies) (1861-1862). 30 items.
Collection Call Number: 19390.

These letters provide information on the assembling of troops at Albany, New York; the journey by rail to Washington, D.C., and winter encampment nearby; and the march to Yorktown, Virginia, where the regiment was involved in a major battle.

Smith, Darius H. 1st New York Engineers, Co. I.
Letter (May 26, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12860.

This letter, sent to Smith's sister, describes the deployment of troops at the confluence of the James and Appomattox rivers in Virginia.

Smith, George W. 24th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letters (1863-1865). 10 items.
Collection Call Number: 21062.

This collection of letters, sent to Asa Smith from army camps near Washington, D.C. and Fredericksburg, Virginia, contain information on foraging expeditions, skirmishes and casualties.

Smith, James. 81st New York Infantry, K.
Diary (1864). 1 item (70 p.).
Collection Call Number: 22852.

This item appears to be a transcription of diary kept by James Hannen Smith during the Civil War. It provides detailed descriptions of his activities and experiences, particularly the seige of Petersburg.

Smith, James M. 149th New York Infantry, Co. G.
Letters (1863-1865). 18 items.
Collection Call Number: 20657.

This collection of letters, sent to Smith's family, comment on his involvement in the Battle of Gettysburg and later in Sherman's campaign from Chattanooga to Atlanta. Smith suffered wounds during both engagements that he described in great detail.

Selected letters from James M. Smith, July 1863

Smith, Jerry. 51st New York Infantry, I.
Letters (1861-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu.ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22573.

The letters, sent to his family, comment on his experiences in the military. Included are detailed letters related to the Union Army capture of Roanoke Island, February 1862, and the victory over Confederate forces in the Battle of Vicksburg, July 1863. Finding aid to the Jerry Smith Letters.

Selected letters from Jerry Smith, July 1863

Smith, Joseph W. (1837-1864). 156th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1862-1864). 12 items.
Collection Call Number: 18713.

Group of letters Joseph W. Smith sent to his wife, Elizabeth, regarding his experiences of military service during the Civil War. The letters detail his mustering into service at New York and subsequent deployment with the 156th New York Volunteers in Louisiana. Skirmishes with Confederate troops near Port Hudson and along the Red River are mentioned in the letters. Finding aid available on site.

Smith, Newton. 24th New York Infantry, Co. K;
76th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letters (1861-1864). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 21061.

The letters, sent to Smith's brother, Asa Smith, from various army camps in Virginia, talk about his experiences in camp, his involvement in skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, and being paroled after his release from a Confederate prison.

Smith, Volney. U.S. Army.
Letter (February 15, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17436.

In this letter, written while stationed at Camp Suffolk, Virginia, Smith expressed his disgust with the war and military service.

Smith, Webster. Captain, 6th New York Artillery, Co. G.
Letter (June 11, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12861.

This letter, sent to Smith's sister from a camp near City Point, Virginia, comments on the Union Army campaign to capture Petersburg.

Smith, William (b. 1842). 6th New York Cavalry.
Diary (1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 22916.

In this pocket diary, Smith recounts his daily activities as hospital ward master for his regiment at the army hospital near City Point, Virginia from January to June 1865. He also comments on the weather and news from the battle front.

Snow, Norman Leslie. Surgeon, 153rd New York Infantry.
Letters (1863-1866). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 20173.

Letters written by an army surgeon that provide information on medical care provided to soldiers wounded or injured in battle. Also included are comments about the crowded and unsanitary conditions of army hospitals.

Snyder Family.
Correspondence (1848-1867). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22206.

These transcripts of original letters that were sent or received by Alonzo Snyder and his wife, Phoebe, of North Chatham. New York, include a letter from New York City regarding the anti-draft riots, and several letters from New Orleans that were written by an individual who was pro-Confederate.

Southwell, William. 91st New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letters (1864-1865). 1 box (24 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21211.

Group of letters sent to Mary Law of Hudson, New York. Southwell wrote mostly about his experiences of military life within the confines of Fort Marshall, a garrison near Baltimore, Maryland.

Spafford, Henry W. 4th Vermont Infantry, Co. A.
Letters (1861-1862). 10 items.
Collection Call Number: 16606.

Letters sent to family and friends who lived near Bennington, Vermont. Spafford wrote about the Union Army defense line surrounding Washington, D.C. and his involvement in skirmishes during the Yorktown campaign.

Spauding, Ira. 50th New York Engineers, Co. E.
Letters (1861-1862). 10 items.
Collection Call Number: 18687.

These letters contain details of bridge construction, railroad maintenance, and other tasks of army engineers. One letter also includes a description of the Battle of Fredericksburg.

Sterling Family. U.S. Army.
Correspondence (1861-1863). 52 items.
Collection Call Number: 18904.

The papers include letters written by William Sterling, an army officer, commenting on his experiences at Fort LaFayette, New York. Finding aid to the Sterling Family Correspondence.

Stetson, William M. 99th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Diary (1861-1864). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD9976.

This diary provides a detailed record of Stetson's experiences and activities in the military and includes a description of the naval battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac and information about the U.S. Navy blockade of principal Southern seaports.

Stevens, Henry. U.S. Cavalry.
Papers (1863-1864). 11 items.
Collection Call Number: 19131.

The papers, comprised mostly of letters sent to Stern's daughter, Mary, regard his employment in the U.S. Army Cavalry Depot near Washington, D.C.

Stocker, Albert B. 1st New Hampshire Artillery.
Letter (September 28, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20907.

This letter, written at Fort Foote, Maryland, comments on the picket defenses surrounding Washington, D.C.

Stoddard Family. 160th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Papers (1850-1920). 4 boxes (1.0 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC17361.

Included in this collection are letters sent to Asa Stoddard from Jacob Ubrasson, a soldier of the 160th N.Y. Infantry Regiment, Company B, in which Ubrasson wrote about the routine activities and experiences of military life. Finding aid available on site.

Stone, Benjamin B.G. (1829-1906). 1st Massachusetts Artillery, Co. H.
Papers (1861-1875). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10630.

The papers include letters of recommendation and other materials relating to his promotion to the rank of first lieutenant.

Story, Asa J. 10th New York Cavalry, Co. G.
Papers (1833-1871). 11 items.
Collection Call Number: 13848.

These papers include a pocket diary kept by Story from December 1861 through February 1863 regarding his experiences in the military. In it he notes that a considerable amount of friction existed in the ranks of the 10th Cavalry.

Stray, John. 1st New York Engineers, Co. G.
Letters (1862-1865). 36 items.
Collection Call Number: 18686.

This is a collection of official correspondence with officials of Colt's Patent Firearm Company regarding the purchase of guns and munitions for the regiment.

Streeter, E. M.
Letter (June 28, [1863?]). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 17442.

This letter, written at Baltimore, talks about the prospect of fighting in or near the city.

Strong, Byron F. 24th New York Infantry, Co. B.
Letters (1861-1877). 17 items.
Collection Call Number: 12225.

The collection consists chiefly of letters Byron Strong sent to his family regarding his experiences in the military during the Civil War. The letters detail the involvement of the 24th Regiment in General Pope’s campaign in northern Virginia, the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, and battles at Falmouth and Chancellorsville. Enclosed with his letter of August 4, 1861, is a piece of an American flag that was tattered during the 1st Battle of Bull Run. The letters written from Camp Parole at Annapolis, Maryland, November 14 and December 6, 1862, detail his experiences after being taken prisoner in August 1862 after the 2nd Battle of Bull Run, and his subsequent release in a prisoner exchange. The letters of 1864 and 1865 detail his experiences as an officer in a regiment of Colored Troops which was engaged in the occupation of New Orleans. Finding aid available on site.

Strong, Oliver.
Letter (December 7, 1860). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 12736.

In this letter Strong expresses disappointment upon the news of South Carolina seceding from the Union.

Suedek, Sarah.
Letter (September 26, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18968.

This letter from a soldier identified as Coastes, who served in the 1st New York Cavalry regiment, discusses his involvement in a skirmish between Union and Confederate forces near Williamstown, Maryland.

Sutter, Charles. Officer, U.S. Army.
Papers (1863-1873). 22 items.
Collection Call Number: 13245.

The collection includes official correspondence, orders, and reports relating to land and marine operations around Charleston, South Carolina. Also included is material on the reconstruction of Fort Sumter after the war.

Tibbits Family, (William Tibbits) (1837-1880). Colonel, 2nd New York Infantry, Co. F;
21st New York Cavalry.
Papers (1684-1947). 390 boxes (100 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC13256.

These papers include many personal letters written by William Tibbits while he served in the army during the Civil War. The letters contain information on the battles of Big Bethel, Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill , 2nd Bull Run, Chancellorsville, and the Shenandoah Valley Campaign. Finding aid available on site.

Tidball, John C. Colonel, 4th New York Artillery.
Letter (November 23, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 14420.

This official letter, addressed to John T. Sprague, Adjutant General, recommends several individuals for promotion in the New York State Militia.

Tiemann, William F. (1844-1926). 159th New York Infantry.
Reminiscences (1894). 1 box (2 volumes; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22721.

Volume I is an autobiographical account of Tiemann's life prior to the Civil War. Much of the information pertains to his family life at home and his schooling in New York City. Volume II contains an account of his experiences as a prisoner of war during the Civil War, during which time he was held at Libby Prison in Richmond, Virginia.

Tilden, Samuel J. (1814-1886).
Letter (November 2, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 1546.

This letter, addressed to Governor Horatio Seymour, concerns Lieutenant Reed of the 131st New York Infantry regiment.

Toll Family.
Papers (1841-1887). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11810.

The collection includes the papers of William W. Hill, who served as an officer in the Albany Drill Corps during the Civil War. Of particular interest is a minute book and various financial records of the Albany Drill Corps, 1861-1862. Finding aid available on site.

Townsend, Charles. Major, 106th New York Infantry;
2nd Lieutenant, 3rd New York Cavalry, Co. D.
Letters (1861-1863). 17 items.
Collection Call Number: 18987.

The letters, sent to Townsend's family, relate to his involvement in the capture of Harper's Ferry and the subsequent investigation by the U.S. Army Court of Inquiry.

Treadwell Family, (George H. Treadwell). Lieutenant, 7th New York Artillery, Co. I/K.
Papers (1832-1913). 2 boxes (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC11277.

The collection includes the service records of George Hooker Treadwell, who was an officer of the 7th N.Y. Artillery during the Civil War.

Turner, James. 88th New York Infantry.
Papers (1861-1876). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC12613.

The papers include letters, a diary, and a scrapbook related to Turner's service in the army during the Civil War. Finding aid to the James Turner Papers.

Tyler, Cyrenus G. 134th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Letter (February 2, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 10938.

In this letter, written at an army camp near Falmouth, Virginia, Tyler comments on the politics of the Lincoln administration and the Emancipation Proclamation.

Tyrel Family, (Charles and Enos Tyrel). 22nd New York Infantry, Co. E;
175th New York Infantry, Co. D
(Enos Tyrel). Letters (1855-1862). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16604.

Charles Tyrel served in the 22nd New York Infantry, while his brother Enos was serving in the 175th New York Infantry. Charles's letters were written at various Union Army camps in Virginia and Pennsylvania and mostly comment on his experiences in camp. Enos's letters were sent from camps in Maryland, Virginia, and Georgia. Both also wrote about their battlefield experiences.

Union Army Soldier (unknown).
Personal Narrative (1861-1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 9543.

The manuscript, written by an unidentified soldier, talks about his experiences of being taken prisoner during the 1st Battle of Bull Run, and his subsequent confinement in a Confederate prison. It describes the harsh treatment and poor living conditions he had to endure.

United States Army. 43rd New York Infantry
Regiment. Register (1861-1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19552.

This photocopy of a record book lists the names of soldiers absent from duty due to sickness or wounds. The listings include, rank, company, nature of illness or wound, hospital admission, and date of return to active duty, discharge from service or death.

United States Army. 100th New York Infantry
Regiment. Records (1862-1864). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC19815.

The records are mostly consolidated and tri-monthly morning reports compiled by Colonel George B. Dandy.

United States Army. 106th New York Infantry
Regiment. Letter book (1863-1865). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD18560.

This bound volume contains copies of official letters written by Colonel Edward C. James and Lieutenant Colonel Charles Townsend. The letters discuss administrative and financial concerns.

United States Army. 116th New York Infantry, Co. C
Regiment. Records (1862-1865). 1 box (ca. 150 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21133.

This records include volunteer enlistment forms completed by recruits from Buffalo, New York, and various financial records relating to the purchase and distribution of clothing and equipment.

United States Army. 121st New York Infantry
Regiment. Records (1862-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC17551.

The records are related primarily to matters of personnel administration, such as enlistment, enrollment, discharges, transfers, promotions, desertions, and casualties.

United States Army. 169th New York Infantry
Regiment. Records (1862-1865). 1 box (0.50 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC17550.

The collection is comprised mostly of financial records, including payroll ledgers, ordnance store invoices, and abstracts of accounts for clothing, camp, and garrison supplies.

United States Army. 5th New York Artillery, Co. F
Regiment. Records (1863-1865). 1 box (70 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC16961.

These records are mostly general and special orders concerning personnel and administrative matters while this regiment was garrisoned at Harper's Ferry. Also included are several muster rolls.

United States Army. 3rd New York Cavalry, Co. G
Regiment. Records (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21156.

This collection of correspondence, orders, muster rolls, ordnance reports and other official documents relate to various administrative activities.

United States Army. 15th New York Artillery, Co. M
Regiment. Records (1864). 42 items.
Collection Call Number: 14787.

This group of records includes muster rolls, payrolls, medical release certificates, and requisitions for clothing and equipment. Also included is official correspondence of Captain William Dichey concerning administrative matters.

United States Army. 1st New York Engineers, Co. E
Regiment. Morning reports (1862). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD20896.

These morning reports provide statistical summary data about officers and enlisted men that was obtained from daily muster rolls.

United States Army. 34th New York Infantry, Co. D
Regiment. Records (1861-1863). 1 box (3 volumes; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10000.

These records, relating to Company D personnel administration, include monthly morning reports that provide a summary of the number of men present or absent for duty; descriptive books that contain information about an individual soldier's age, physical features, residence occupation, and date of enlistment; and an account book on clothing issued to soldiers.

United States Army. 10th New York Infantry
Regiment. Records (1862-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10459.

The records, compiled by Captain Robert G. Wells, relate chiefly to the regiment's finances. Included are account abstracts, invoices, receipts, and vouchers.

United States Army Medical Corps.
Reports (1861-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20952.

This group of reports generated by the medical units attached to the 47th, 56th, and 100th New York Infantry regiments mostly provides summary statistics on the number of soldiers reported sick or wounded on a specific day. Other reports contain statistics on hospital admissions, discharges, return to duty, or death.

United States Colored Troops. 26th Infantry
Regiment. Records (1864-1865). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC20859.

The records consist of an account book and other papers relating to expenditures for clothing issued to enlisted men of Company F. The account book lists the names of individual soldiers.

Van Buren, Martin (1783-1862).
Letter (October 15, 1861). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 1547.

This letter, written at Lindenwald, New York, to M. Bronson, concerns Bronson's thoughts on the state of the Union, and the inevitable split by the Confederacy.

Van Eglofstein, Frederick W. Colonel, 103rd New York Infantry.
Letter (July 18, 1865). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 16222.

This is a letter of testimony written on behalf of Andress Fischer, formerly a private of Company A of the 103rd regiment.

Van Vleck, Jacob. 15th New York Artillery, Co. M.
Letters (1864-1865). 25 items.
Collection Call Number: 15433.

These letters, sent to Van Vleck's family, comment on his experiences in the military. He mentions his involvement in skirmishes between Union and Confederate troops at several places in the vicinity of Richmond, Virginia.

Vander Veer, Albert. Surgeon, 66th New York Infantry.
Letters (1862). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 20910.

These letters include Vander Veer's thoughts on the Union Army's strategy and execution of the war. Both letters were written at camps in Virginia.

Veltford, George. Lieutenant, 54th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letter (May 20, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18906.

In this letter, Veltford wrote to a friend about being transferred from Libby Prison in Richmond to another facility in Macon, Georgia.

Wadsworth, Charles A. General, U.S. Army.
Letter (September 26, 1862). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 512.

This letter, addressed to Governor Morgan, concerns a commission granted to an officer of the 31st New York Infantry regiment.

Walbridge, Charles Eliphalet (1842-1913). Captain, 100th New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1862-1865). 15 items.
Collection Call Number: 22710.

These letters, sent to his brother George, comment on his experiences in the military, detailing activities in the quartermaster office, his quest for a promotion to a higher rank, and matters relative to personal and family finances. Finding aid to the Charles Eliphalet Walbridge Letters.

Walker, Charles S.
Scrapbook (1861-1869). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD12162.

This scrapbook is a compilation of news clippings about the 10th and 165th New York Infantry regiments, and several Zouave companies.

Walker, Patrick. 104th New York Infantry, Co. I.
Letters (1863-1865). 5 items.
Collection Call Number: 20172.

The letters describe the Battle of Fredericksburg and Walker's experiences in the war. The collection also includes two letters written by fellow soldiers.

Walsh, Alfred.
Letters (1863-1864). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 15684.

The letter of July 15, 1863, is an eyewitness account of the draft riots in New York City.

Ward, William. 164th New York Infantry, Co. C.
Letter (April 21, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19458.

The letter eulogizes the late General Michael Corcoran, commander of the Irish Legion of New York State Volunteers.

Warner, Andrew. Colonel, 147th New York Infantry.
Correspondence (1861-1864). 14 items.
Collection Call Number: 13015.

This group of letters is related to Warner's involvement with the Union Defense Committee of New York, an organization that assisted soldiers being transported from New York to the front lines of battle.

Warren, George W. 144th New York Infantry, Co. K.
Letters (1862-1865). 1 box (0.30 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18822.

These letters, sent to Warren's brothers, comment on his experiences and activities in the military, such as camp life, drill, and picket duty. The collectin also iincludes letters to his brother, John, who served in Company I of the same regiment.

Warren, Governeur K. General, U.S. Army.
Papers (1848-1882). 65 boxes (36 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC10668.

These papers include personal letters, official correspondence, military orders, maps, and scrapbooks documenting Warren's service in the Army during the Civil War. Much of this material provides detailed information on most of the major battles of the war including 2nd Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Gettysburg, Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and Five Forks. These papers also include many documents relating to the controversy of Warren being relieved of his command after Five Forks and his subsequent exoneration by a U. S. Army Court of Inquiry. Finding aid to the Governeur K. Warren Papers.

Waterbury, Homer S. 3rd New York Cavalry, Co. D.
Diary (1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 10648.

This diary provides a brief summary of daily activities, including military operations on coastal islands near Charleston, South Carolina.

Watson, William LeRoy. Captain, 21st Wisconsin Infantry.
Personal Narratives (1863-1864). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 22551.

The collection consists of two unpublished manuscript narratives of William Le Roy Watson's military service which include details of his experiences of being taken prisoner at Chickamauga, Georgia, confinement at Libby Prison, and subsequent escape from prison.

Wead, Frederick T. 16th New York Infantry;
Lt. Colonel, 98th New York Infantry.
Papers (1823-1896). 1 box (0.30 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21160.

These papers consist mostly of letters relating to Wead's military service during the Civil War. The letters describe camp life, garrison duties, and action seen during the Peninsular Campaign, in particular at Yorktown, Gaine's Mill, and Harrison's Landing.

Webster, Jason S.
Letters (1858-1863). 7 items.
Collection Call Number: 19481.

The collection includes letters from friends commenting on Civil War-era events. One letter was written by a soldier of the 2nd Massachusetts Infantry and talks of his experiences in the military.

Weed, David A. 6th New York Artillery, Co. B.
Letters (1862-1864). 10 items.
Collection Call Number: 15533.

These letters, sent to his family from camp near Harper's Ferry, comment on his experiences in camp, including drill, guard duty, and marching.

Wenzel, Augustus. 47th New York Infantry, B;
18th New York Cavalry, I.
Letters (1862-1865). 1 box (25 items; 0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22856.

This group of letters, written mostly to his brother, Henry Wenzel, comment on military life. While serving in the 47th Infantry, he wrote mostly about guarding prisoners of war at Fort McHenry in Baltimore. During his second tour of duty, with the 18th Cavalry, he wrote from various army camps in Louisiana concerning his duties as hospital steward. He also complains frequently about not receiving his paychecks from the Army in a timely manner. Finding aid available on site.

West, Lenox T. 10th New York Artillery, Co. K.
Letters (1803-1804). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC18356.

These letters, sent to West's family, comment on his experiences in camp and his involvement in skirmishes with Confederate soldiers, near Richmond, Virginia. In some letters, his anti-emancipation sentiments are expressed quite vividly. Finding aid available on site.

Westinghouse Family, (Albert). 1st Lieutenant, 2nd New York Veteran Cavalry.
Letters (1848-1865). 12 items.
Collection Call Number: 16605.

The collection includes letters written by Albert Westinghouse while serving in the army during the Civil War. These letters talk about the routine experiences of military life as well as his participation in battles and skirmishes of the Red River campaign.

Wheaton, Frank.
Letter (September 17, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 513.

This letter of recommendation, addressed to Governor Seymour, is on behalf of Captain William J. Slidier, who was seeking authority to organize a company of volunteers.

Wheeler, Grant. 14th New York Infantry, Co. H;
6th New York Artillery, Co. K.
Papers (1861-1891). 30 items.
Collection Call Number: 20928.

Most of the material in these papers relate to Wheeler's military pension application and include letters from government agencies, affidavits, and service records. The collection also includes a few letters regarding Wheeler's wartime experiences.

Whitfield, Charles T. 3rd New York Artillery, Co. E.
Letters (1861-1864). 14 items.
Collection Call Number: 21036.

These letters, sent to Whitfield's family, concern the problems of low morale and lack of discipline he has observed among his fellow soldiers.

Whitford, James.
Letter (July 7, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 19285.

This letter, sent to A.D. Blodgett, give expression to Whitford's belief that the Union Army's war efforts have been greatly hindered by too many "copperheads" among the ranks of its commanding officers.

Whitford, James W. 106th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Letter (November 11, 1864). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 20919.

In this letter, written at camp near Winchester, Virginia, Whitford describes the action he saw during the battle of Cedar Creek.

Whittaker, Johnathan.
Letterpress Copybook (1863-1864). 1 volume (ca. 200 p.).
Collection Call Number: BD22993.

This bound volume contains copies of letters written by Johnathan Whitaker while working under contract at the United States Arny General Hospital, Chester, Pennsylvania, during the Civil War. These letters describe in detail the medical care and treatments he provided to wounded soldiers as well as his personal reaction to the horrors of battle. Especially important are his accounts of wounded soldiers from Gettysburg and his advocacy of medical care for colored troops.

Wilde, Hiram. Captain, 17th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Reminiscences (1861-1865). 23 p.
Collection Call Number: 14001.

This autobiographical account of Wilde's wartime activities and experiences includes a chronology of the 17th Regiment's participation in war.

Wilkin-Beakes Family, (Adem Wilken Beakes). 124th New York Infantry, Co. E.
Papers (1850-1916). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22668.

These papers consist chiefly of letters and photographs of the Wilkin and Beakes families of Middletown, New York. Most of the letters concern personal and family matters. One letter of special interest was written by Adam Wilkin Beakes on July 22, 1863, in regards to his experiences of military service during the Civil War. He was enrolled in Company E of the 124th New York Regiment of Infantry. Finding aid available on site.

Wilson, Hiram Sickles (1815-1864). Captain, 93rd New York Infantry, Co. H.
Letters (1861-1863). 44 items.
Collection Call Number: 13803.

These letters, sent to Wilson's wife from various army camps in Virginia and Maryland, include his opinions of Union Army generals Burnside, Hooker, Meade and McClellan.

Witmer, Tobias. 50th New York Engineers, Co. F.
Diary (1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 21050.

This pocket diary contains brief descriptions of daily activities and events related to his regiment, which was primarily constructing of pontoon bridges and maintaining railroad track.

Wood, Fernando (1812-1881). Mayor, New York City.
Letter (October 30, 1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 154.

This letter, addressed to Governor Seymour, requests a commission for a friend in Company C of the 40th New York Infantry regiment.

Woodruff, William. 104th New York Infantry, Co. A.
Diary (1863). 1 item.
Collection Call Number: 18093.

This diary contains brief notes about daily camp activities from January through March 1863. Also included is a copy of Woodruff's enrollment certificate and a printed booklet on U.S. Army rates and regulations.

Woods, Alfred Covell (d. 1864). 62nd New York Infantry, C.
Papers (1861-1862). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC23077.

The collection includes two pocket diaries, 1861-1862, detailing the activities and experiences of Woods's service in the infantry, a carte de viste photograph of Woods taken while he was in service, and a biographical and historical sketch of the Woods family of Crown Point, New York that was written circa 1940. Finding aid available on site.

Woodworth, Charles. 44th New York Infantry.
Papers (1861-1926). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC22958.

The papers consist chiefly of letters and documents related to Woodworth's military service during the Civil War. Many of the documents relate to his filing for pension benefits. Also included are papers related to the history of the 44th New York Volunteers, which was known as "Ellsworth's Avengers."

Wool, John Ellis (1784-1869). General, U.S. Army.
Papers (1810-1869). 98 boxes (48 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC15361.

This collection includes personal and official papers relating to Wool's command of the U.S. Army Department of Virginia at Fort Monroe from 1861 to 1863. The Union Army invasion of Norfolk, Virginia, and the naval engagement between the Monitor and the Merrimac are the principal events documented here. There also are papers covering Wool's involvement with the troops used to quell the draft riots in New York City. Finding aid to the John Ellis Wool Papers.

Worth, Margaret.
Letters (1863-1864). 4 items.
Collection Call Number: 149.

These four letters were written by U.S. Army generals for the purpose of having their autographs sold to raise funds for the Sanitary Commission.

Wynkoop, Guy. 10th New York Cavalry, Co. H.
Letters (1862-1863). 2 items.
Collection Call Number: 19402.

The letters, sent to his wife, describe life in camp and the action he witnessed at the battle of Brandy Station.

Wyvell family, (Charles Wyvell). 1st New York Mounted Rifles, Co. F;
3rd New York Cavalry, Co. C.
Papers (1862-1962). 1 box (0.25 cu. ft.).
Collection Call Number: SC21034.

Papers comprised mostly of letters regarding his military service during the war. In the This collection consists chiefly of letters Charles M. Wyvell sent to his family and future wife regarding his experiences in the military during the Civil War. He describes his work as a blacksmith, the participation of his regiment in the Peninsular Campaign in the Spring and Summer of 1862, and his ability to make money from various business ventures.

Yates, Charles. 5th New York Infantry.
Record book (1863). 1 volume.
Collection Call Number: BD16358.

This record book includes official correspondence and general orders relating to the deployment of troops to defend railroad facilities at Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Young, Henry. 9th New York Artillery, Co. I.
Letters (1862-1863). 18 items.
Collection Call Number: 22267.

The letters, addressed to his friend, Libbie, in Auburn, New York, were written mostly at Fort Simmons, a garrison for troops that were responsible for the defense of Washington, D. C. during the Civil War. Young wrote mostly about his activities and experiences of military life.

Zellow, Frederick. 61st New York Infantry, Co. F.
Papers (1879-1880).
Collection Call Number: 13453.

This is a collection of materials related to Zellow's application for a military pension and other veterans' benefits. Included are his enrollment and discharge certificates.

The State Library's Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit is also interested in adding to its collections of papers, Civil War-related or not. If you have family papers or organization records that chronicle some facet of New York State history, please contact the unit at (518) 474-6282.

Last Updated: February 14, 2014